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adaptive art, known for encouraging innovation. It was only residual nationalism that prevented a formal invitation from being extended by Japan-based schools to Filipino weapons masters to share their skills. Consequently, the onus was on American instructors, uninvolved in those old conflicts, to take the initiative and spur on the evolution of stick fighting.

The flow of knowledge extended beyond sticks, however. The complex and subtle hand traps used by escrimadors found their way into modern versions of ancient arts, just as wing chun trapping skills did in the late 1970s. This is

Advanced stick fighters often integrate skills from various disciplines, including Japanese jujutsu and Philippine escrima.

throws that form the foundations of their systems.

An outsider might conclude that this contributed to the arts becoming polluted or, at best, losing their individuality, but that isn't the case. Escrima and jujutsu have centuries of history and tradition behind them. Each has its own feel and flavor, its own combat philosophy. Their personalities will endure.

Now that the influence of escrima on jujutsu and jujutsu on escrima has changed history, what's next? One area in which the two arts continue to work

Unlike the drills used in many traditional styles, the exercises of the Philippine stick arts are fun. They seldom seem like hard work even though they're sweaty and demanding. Jim Winterbottom (left) and David Pantano demonstrate.

Advanced stick fighters often integrate skills from various disciplines, including Japanese jujutsu and Philippine escrima.

throws that form the foundations of their systems.

An outsider might conclude that this contributed to the arts becoming polluted or, at best, losing their individuality, but that isn't the case. Escrima and jujutsu have centuries of history and tradition behind them. Each has its own feel and flavor, its own combat philosophy. Their personalities will endure.

Next Step

Unlike the drills used in many traditional styles, the exercises of the Philippine stick arts are fun. They seldom seem like hard work even though they're sweaty and demanding. Jim Winterbottom (left) and David Pantano demonstrate.

technically a crucial point because many jujutsu and aikido joint-locking skills require a heavy, weight-committed punch to work, and street fighters seldom throw such blows. The jab and other tentative boxing punches are more common, and escrima traps work well to catch those kinds of hits.

In return, the jujutsu ryu influenced many escrima schools by sharing the locks, pressure-point attacks and

Now that the influence of escrima on jujutsu and jujutsu on escrima has changed history, what's next? One area in which the two arts continue to work

Like the Philippine martial arts, jujutsu stick fighting teaches traps and counters, one of which is shown here using a wooden yawari.

Like the Philippine martial arts, jujutsu stick fighting teaches traps and counters, one of which is shown here using a wooden yawari.

Traps are a major part of the Philippine stick arts, a fact that has proved beneficial for jujutsu students seeking to improve their weapons skills.

together is the development of specialized programs for military personnel and law-enforcement officers. Programs such as COP-Safe—taught by David Pantano of Counterstrike Kenpo, escrima instructor Jim Winterbottom and me—combine skills from all three disciplines into an effective course for prisoner control that focuses on pain compliance, joint locks, weapons retention and the use of the baton as taught in escrima and jujutsu. Other similar programs have emerged, often from a collaboration between instructors of the Philippine and Japanese arts.

And the evolution continues. Like jujutsu and escrima, which remain vital and open to new ideas, the ways in which these skills are taught will change. With past hatreds now obsolete, the open exchange of ideas will spearhead a new age of reason in the martial arts, one in which traditional styles work in harmony with innovative thought. The result: The fighting arts of the 21st century will be the most powerful and effective in history. }•<

About the author: JonathanMaberry has written more than 700 magazine articles and several books, including Ultimate Jujutsu: Principles and Practices, and The Martial Arts Student Logbook. He holds an eighth-degree black belt in jujutsu and a fifth degree in hapkido.

by Peter Ragnar

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