Wangs Wu Shu School

Grace Wu teaches martial arts at Wang's Wu Shu School in Witchita, Kansas, which she named after her grandfather. She gives instruction in T'ai Chi Ch'uan, T'ai Chi Sword, Pa Kua Chang, Northern Shaolin, and Shaolin weapons. Her emphasis in all classes is on basic body conditioning and fundamentals. She states that any form can be learned in a relatively short period of time, however, if the student has not obtained a firm foundation and conditioned the body in accordance with basic principles,...

Chang Learns Pa Kua Chang

Shortly after Chang Chao-Tung started working as a thief catcher, the famous second generation Pa Kua Chang instructor Ch'eng T'ing-Hua was visiting Tianjin and ran into some trouble. Chang Chao-Tung helped Ch'eng with his problem and the two became friends. Chang mentioned to Ch'eng that he would like to learn Pa Kua Chang. Ch'eng told Chang that he would be glad to teach him and he would also take him to meet his teacher Tung Hai-Ch'uan. Chang frequently traveled to Beijing to track down...

Teacher and Healer

In 1927 when the government was working to build a network of martial arts training schools throughout China, they created a central school in Nanjing and established provincial schools in every province. The school in Nanjing, which was established by Chang Chih-Chiang, was to serve as the hub of martial arts activity in China. The best martial artists in China were invited to teach there. At the school there were two main categories of instruction, the Shaolin program, which incorporated the...

Sha Kuo Cheng who loved teaching martial arts to anyone instructs a small boy

Names himself, but his students who had come from Shaolin and Hsing-I backgrounds added these names in an effort to systematize Tung's teaching). It is said that Tung would show every student the basic static posture of each system as they were learning to walk the circle and thus when they were performing their basic circle walking exercise they would transition through eight static postures. This is a common practice for beginners today. After the student learned the basic eight postures,...

Lightning Hands Chang Chao Tung

In Northern China, around the turn of the century, it was not uncommon for martial artists who were experienced in Hsing-I Ch'uan to turn to Pa Kua Chang in order to further refine their skills and develop new dimensions of practice. Pa Kua Chang was new at the time and its originator and his students were very well known in Beijing as being top level martial artist. The fundamental principles of Pa Kua were closely akin to the those taught in Hsing-I and thus it was natural that Hsing-I Ch'uan...

Wang Tzu Ping

Grace Wu's story begins with her famous grandfather, Wang Tzu-P'ing. Wang Tzu-P'ing was, without a doubt, one of the most well known and well respected martial artists of this century. I have interviewed dozens of older generation martial arts masters in China. The majority of them are fairly opinionated when it comes to discussing who is, and was, a good martial artist. Even names like Sun Lu-T'ang, Yin Fu, and Ch'eng T'ing-Hua will occasionally bring comments like, He wasn't so good, He...

Chang Chao Tung was also known widely as Chang Chan Kuei

Was best known for defeating a Japanese martial artist and a German strongman. During this period in China's history, anytime a Chinese boxer beat an opponent from a foreign country, it was big news. However, Chang's dealings with the foreigners extended beyond the boxing challenge platform. On one occasion there was an American ship in the Tianjin harbor whose crew was stealing Chinese women to take back to America and sell as prostitutes. The vessel was disguised as a merchant ship, however,...

Sha Kuo Cheng demonstrates the Lion Opens its Mouth Posture from the Lion Style Pa Kua Chang

Swallowing Postures

Just before 'liberation (communist take-over) in 1949 Sha moved to Kunming in Yunnan Province. In Kunming he settled down. In all the places he had traveled, he studied with anyone who was good in martial arts. After interacting with many very skilled martial artists, he became humble and never showed off his skill. He spent many years sharing and comparing skills with such notable martial artists as Wang Chih-He and Ma Hsing-I. They were all good friends and enjoyed studying the martial arts...

Chiang Jung Chiao with his top student Sha Kuo Cheng

While the form contains the basic fighting ching, fundamental skills, and applications, this form was not trained as a tool to learn how to fight, it was more for body conditioning and health. The third main component to Chiangs Pa Kua Chang system was a 64 section set of Pa Kua Chang fighting applications which the student practiced in order to learn how to fight. These applications could be practiced one at a time in a repetitive nature or linked together in a continuous form,...

Sha Kuo Cheng with his teacher Chiang Jung Chiao

Sha Kuo-Cheng's reputation as a great martial artist grew among the many Chinese living in Korea. In 1933, Sha's teacher Wang Che-Cheng died in Inchon and so Sha left Korea and went back to Tianjin. Sha stayed in Tianjin for about five or six years working and practicing his martial arts. In 1939 it became hard to stay in Tianjin. The Communists had started to come into the city and the foreigners were still there, thus Tianjin became a dangerous place. Sha...

Chiang Jung Chiao sitting far left poses with a group of martial arts teachers in Nanjing 1950 Chang Chih Chiang is

Vintage Marial Arts Books

Not long after he became a formal student, Chang had to go to Nanjing on business. Chiang followed him so that he could keep studying. He practiced so hard and was so sincere that he moved Li Ts'un-I with his sincerity and so Li would also help him out and teach him things. While in Tianjin he also studied and practiced with Chang Chao-Tung's top student Han Mu-Hsia. Chiang traveled widely in China because he had a job with the railroad. Wherever he would go,...

Purpose and Policy Statement

In order to keep the Pa Kua Chang Journal an un-biased forum for Pa Kua Chang instructors and practitioners to exchange their thoughts and ideas about the art of Pa Kua Chang, this Journal is totally subscriber-supported and does not affiliate itself with, or receive support from, any particular Pa Kua Chang instructor or martial arts school. In order to help maintain integrity and impartiality, the Journal will not accept paid advertisement. The Journal is published six times a year. Each...

Sha Kuo Chengs Three Styles of Pa

1904 Country Boys

Since the resurgence of Chinese martial arts in mainland China in the late 1970's, there have been two older generation Pa Kua Chang practitioners who stood as icons of the style in the country of its origin, Li Tzu-Ming and Sha Kuo-Cheng. Both of these practitioners worked unceasingly to promote the practice and development of Pa Kua Chang in China during the past decade. Both Li and Sha have died within the past year. In Volume 3, Number 3 of the Pa Kua Chang Journal, we covered Li Tzu-Ming's...

Chaing Jung Chao s Life

Chiang Jung-Chao who was also known as Chiang Kuang-Wu was born in Hebei Province, Chang Chou County in 1891. The martial arts style Mi Tsung Cftuan was in the family and thus he studied it with his grandfather and uncle, Chiang Te-T'ai, when he was young. The family's Mi Tsung came down through Sun T'ung, nicknamed ten-thousand abilities hand. Su T'ung was also the teacher of the most famous Mi Tsung artist in China's history, Hao Yuan-Chia. Mi Tsung Cftuan was said to have originated in the...

Chiang Jung Chiaos Pa Kua Chang

Chiang Jung-Ch'iao's Pa Kua Chang is known to many through his widely published book, however, the form which is represented in this book is but one small component of Chiang's complete Pa Kua Chang system. Like all systems of Pa Kua Chang, Chiang's method did not only consist of one form there were many components. In order to better understand the Pa Kua Chang system taught by Chiang Jung-Ch'iao, we will first examine the history of the systemization of Pa Kua Chang instruction in general....

By John D Bracy

What does it mean when we say that a martial art style is internal This is a question which Chinese martial arts enthusiasts frequently discuss. Inevitably varying viewpoints emerge which attempt to define internal boxing. The description which I use involves the idea of Taoist alchemy. Alchemy has to do with a Taoist yogic tradition long established in Chinese culture. It focuses on the development of ch'i and bringing internal energy forces to balance in the body. This article will examine...

Chang Chao Tung 1859 1940

Artists were hired to escort travelers and protect them against the bandits. Needless to say, the martial artists in this area of Hebei were highly skilled. Liu Chi-Lan's Hsing-I brother Kuo Yun-Shen and two of Liu Chi-Lan's famous students, Li Ts'un-I and Wang Fu-Yuan were from Shen County. The famous second generation Pa Kua Chang instructor Ch'eng T'ing-Hua was also from Shen County and Sun Lu-T'ang studied his Hsing-I Ch'uan with Kuo Yun-Shen in this area of Hebei. Kuo Yun-Shen's other...

Chiang Jung Chiao posing in a HsingI posture in one of his HsingI books

He was the chief editor of the martial arts book series which was published by the school. He also taught martial arts while he was working at the school. During the war with Japan, Chiang left the Central Martial Arts Academy in Nanjing which had moved to Chongqing and taught martial arts in the south of An Hui Province. He also lectured on Chinese literature and history at local universities. Later he went to Shanghai and stayed there for the remainder of his life. In Shanghai...

Sha Kuo Chengs Pa Kua Chang

Babi Yar Massacre Photos

Sha Kuo-Cheng taught three systems of Pa Kua Chang. He taught Wang Che-Cheng's complete system, which he called Lion Form Pa Kua Chang. He taught Chiang Jung-Ch'iao's system, which he called New Pa Kua Chang, and finally, he taught a combination of these two methods which he called Sha Style Pa Kua Chang. Sha has published books pertaining to all three of the styles which he taught. In writing his book Palm Skills, he adopted the methods taught to him by Chiang Jung-Ch'iao. His book Lion Style...

Han MuHsia Fights the Russian

Russian Fight Conditioning

In 1918 a Russian strong man named Kangtaier a Chinese pronunciation of the Russian's name was traveling around the mainland setting up platform boxing matches and challenging Chinese boxers. Previous to his arrival in Beijing the Russian was undefeated at platform boxing. He arrived in Beijing around the beginning of September and was beating the Chinese badly in every boxing match he set up. It was as if there were no good fighters in China at all. This was a great loss of face for the...

Chang Chao Tung center poses with a group of martial artists in Hang Chou in 1929 The man standing fourth from the

Liu agreed to teach them and thus they would all frequently travel from their respective home villages to study with Liu Chi-Lan.1 It is said that Liu Chi-Lan was a very open Hsing-I teacher and liked to exchange martial arts ideas with martial artists of other styles. He never moved to a big city, he preferred to stay in the countryside and teach there. Many martial artists came to meet him and after talking with him for a short time would decided to stay and study...

Changs Teaching in Tianjin

Hsing Stake Striking Training

The majority of the martial arts students studying in Tianjin in the early part of this century were either students of Chang Chao-Tung or Li Tsun-I. They ran a very well known martial arts association in Tianjin and all boxers knew of their efforts to spread the martial arts. In Tianjin Chang taught private students and he taught a public class once a week. Students in the public class could study either Pa Kua Chang or Hsing-I Ch'uan, whichever they preferred. Chang required his private...