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As you block by bringing your right arm up to eye level, put your fingers together and then peck forward, your arm moving in concert with your upper torso. This is a specialized striking technique. Your fingers together can attack the opponent's throat or, apart, his temple. See the use illustrated in Figs. 70-72.

11. FIST-KNUCKLE DOUBLE IMPACT PUNCH (Figs. 73-76) From a wide stance, practice striking directly forward with a standing fist* from under your nose. The bottom part of the fist strikes first, and then the protruding knuckle of the index finger is brought down in a second impact. Use both hands. In looking at the photos,

A standing fist is simply a fist held vertically rather than horizontally (flat).

pay attention to the body as the fist goes outward. The fist, remember, is merely an extension of the body. Above all, keep your shoulder down to enhance the power of the strike and to avoid opening up your armpit to his counter.

12. CORKSCREW PUNCH (Figs. 77-82)

From the basic 4-6 posture, take your right foot forward and place only the toes down as you deflect downward with your right arm, the palm up. Next, as your right foot spins and the heel falls, turn your fist counterclockwise and punch forward and down. Alter-


natively, you may deflect with your right arm as your left foot toes out, then follow through. This is shown in Figs. 80-82. Note here that the deflection is elbow followed by the knuckles of your right hand.

13. BIG CHOPPING (Figs. 83-87)

From the basic 4-6 posture, swing forward with a big right step as your left hand pulls back toward your left side and your entire right arm travels in a big arc forward and counterclockwise. In the function shown in Figs. 86-87, for variety, we use the left side. Your opponent throws a right hand. You cross with your right, grasp his wrist and pull him forward as your right leg goes forward and your left arm chops at the base of his skull. This is a short response necessitated by his attack when your left foot is forward. Had your right foot been forward, you would have derived much more power by taking your left foot forward with the left arm chop. As it is, you can still get added impetus by advancing your left foot and putting it down on or near his right foot.

14. KNUCKLE PUNCH (Figs. 88-92)

This technique is my modification of the basic horse-riding posture punch of Chinese boxing. Practice deflecting with your left arm while stepping forward with your right foot and following with your left foot. Still retaining your hold with your left hand, strike with a standing fist against his side. If you have moved correctly, your opponent's feet and your own should be on a straight line (see Fig. 88). I developed the method shown here as a quicker response, but, as I do it, I image the horse posture even though my feet do not move. Look at the photos. Your opponent tries a left hand which you cross and grasp. Retaining your hold, swing your torso through, and, using your right index knuckle, strike his left external obliques. Make a circle of it and you will master it. Only a slight touch at this soft point will suffice to show its vulnerability.

15. FOLDING ELBOW (Figs. 93-95)

As you employ a standing fist, your opponent knife-blocks it outward to his right. Relaxing your entire arm, fold it at the elbow, take a half-step forward with your right foot, and elbow his middle. The actions shown as functions must be practiced 100 times solo for every time with a partner.

16. SCOOPING FOOT (Figs. 96-98)

Pa-kua makes little use of the feet in attacking, but this one is useful. The same technique may be seen in Shao-lin boxing. As you scoop his advanced (or preferably, advancing) right foot, you may add pressure with your hands (not shown). What is depicted is a feint at scooping. You fake a scoop, your opponent raises his leg and, thinking he has escaped, puts it down. But, as he raises his foot, you retract your scoop foot circularly, and as he puts his foot down you snap it edgewise at his kneecap. Judoists knowing ko-uchi-gari will find this easy.

17. UPPERCUT (Figs. 99-106)

Practice stepping forward with your right foot as you loop your right arm (double impact: elbow-knuckles) forward in a deflection. Lower your body slightly as you deflect, then immediately rise, driving your right fist (palm up) into your opponent's heart. Again and always, the circle. Functionally, if in stepping forward you step on his foot, this will add pain and will prevent his taking the foot rearward. The uppercut is obscured in Fig. 103, but the body is there and that is the important thing. Let the body do the work. This principle is not alien to Western boxing. Rocky Marciano in training his uppercut always aimed for his own chin and let his body lead the punch, instead of uppercutting off a bag or ball. You can test the power of this rising strength by using your partner's shoulder. First slap downward with the back of your hand, clench your fist and shift your weight forward and slightly upward as your right fist uppercuts (see Figs. 104-106).

18. DEFLECTION AND REVERSE STRIKE (Figs. 107-110) By now you should be able to look at the function and establish the solo exercise. With your feet on a line and your knees bent, do exactly what is shown in the function photos (i.e., photos that show the technique as used against an opponent), but without moving your feet. All you need to remember is (1) circle and (2) use your body, not your arms. The right hand is obscured in the final picture: it has turned over, the elbow is up, fingers down and open, and it strikes your opponent just below his navel.


We turn now to twenty basic forms. Some of the bloom is already off the rose in that the Exercises are the basis of the Forms. But the Forms themselves give rigor and system to Pa-kua and are easier to remember than the many attack and defense fragments seen in the Exercises. Do the Forms on both sides for all-around balance.

FORM: From the basic 4-6 posture, bring your left hand, palm down, directly ahead and parallel with your navel. At the same

time toe-out with your left foot (which means you are going up over this foot) (Fig. 112). As you bring your right foot forward and put only the toes down a fist-width in front of your left foot, swing your right arm clockwise from down to up in a circle (Figs. 113-14). Simultaneously, your left hand turns slightly counterclockwise near your right elbow. Carrying both hands in a full circle, lower your body slightly and push off your left foot as your right palm strikes forward and your left hand is held at your right elbow for defense (Figs. 115-16). Notice that the right knee is on a line with the toes and that there is a straight line from your scalp to your left sole (Fig. 117). You may hold this expanded posture or

you may, after stretching, bring your left foot forward half the distance to your right foot. In order to link with another action, however, you must follow-step.

FUNCTION : As your opponent strikes with his right fist, depress it with your left palm (Fig. 118). If he resists by pushing upward, immediately step forward with your right foot as your right arm circles clockwise, rolling around his arm and grasping his forearm as your left grasps his elbow (Fig. 119). Pull him forward and down toward your right side (Figs. 120-21). As he resists by pulling back, strike him with your right palm as your body extends with your right foot forward (Figs. 122-23). Curiously, the stronger the opponent, the easier it is to roll his arm. If, as you depress his arm, he relaxes it, be wary; you may be arguing with the wrong man. An alternative use is shown in Figs. 124-126.

Here, for speed the right arm strikes the elbow and is whipped circularly up to his head. Your body moves as in the basic action-Although this is speedier than the arm-roll, it is not as sure, because you do not have the control, and his posture is not as broken. If, when he feels you depress his right hand, he crosses with his left hand, simply turn it in with your right shoulder and

continue the action. An alternative is action shown in Figs. 127— 29. Here, you attempt to roll his arm but he pushes downward, preventing your turning it. Simply take his downward resistance as impetus and thrust your right hand forward to his chest as your right leg goes forward. This action is straight ahead and does not involve crossing his body.

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Boxing Simplified

Boxing Simplified

Devoted as I am to popularizing amateur boxing and to improving the caliber of this particularly desirable competitive sport, I am highly enthusiastic over John Walsh's boxing instruction book. No one in the United States today can equal John's record as an amateur boxer and a coach. He is highly regarded as a sportsman. Before turning to coaching and the practice of law John was one of the most successful college and Golden Gloves boxers the sport has ever known.

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