Indonesia

During the 1940s and 1950s, Pentjak Silat grew even more prominent in indonesia. The islands were Dutch possessions when they fell to the Japanese in World War ii. Many Indonesians resisted and fought alongside the Dutch against the Japanese. After defeating the Japanese, the indonesians turned to their fight for independence. The locals widely credited Pentjak Silat with giving them an edge over their opponents. its role in the fighting is debatable -

Ryu (plural: ryuha) is a Japanese term for a school's collected martial-arts teachings. A ryu might be broad or extremely narrow. For example, Musashi Miyamoto's Niten Ichi Ryu contained one fighting style - see Nito Ryu (pp. 174-175). By comparison, the still-extant Toda-ha Buko Ryu teaches several arts: Bojutsu (p. 192), Kenjutsu (p. 173-175), Kusarigamajutsu (p. 180), Naginatajutsu (p. 186), and Sojutsu (pp. 197-198).

Ryuha have a "public" and a "private" curriculum. Outsiders are shown strictly the public techniques; only the school's students receive demonstrations of the full style. Hidden techniques, called urawaza, are a way to keep enemies from learning the ryu's full potential. They often deal with unusual weapons or those that work better by surprise (e.g., shuriken or improvised weapons). Some masters reserve urawaza for a select few students or even a single chosen successor!

In game terms, a ryu usually contains more than one style. In a Japan-based campaign, the GM might wish to assess Style Familiarity (p. 49) by ryu rather than by style. For instance, familiarity with Toda-ha Buko Ryu gives familiarity with its version of Kenjutsu and all of its other component styles, but not with the Kenjutsu of Katori Shinto Ryu. Knowledge of slight differences between your ryu and your opponent's could spell the difference between victory and death. The urawaza might be as narrow as a single skill, technique, or Style Perk . . . or as broad as an entire style. See the skills, techniques, and perks under each style's "Optional Traits" for ideas. The PCs won't necessarily have free access to these abilities!

driving out the Japanese and the Dutch (and later defeating the Communists) depended more on the gun than on the kris (p. 219). Even the common claim that martial-arts training gave the fighters warrior spirit is arguable - but it's a theory to which armies worldwide subscribe, and probably the real reason why unarmed combat is taught in the age of automatic weapons and grenades!

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