Full Contact: In full-contact bouts, fighters exchange full-strength blows. Because of the risk of injury, such tournaments are rarely unprotected. Most use padding and armor, as well as gloves and foot coverings designed to soften blows. They often restrict "legal" targets, too. For example, competitive Tae Kwon Do only scores points for techniques that hit hard enough to move the target, but limits kicks to above the waist and punches to the torso, and encases competitors in padded chest and head protectors. Full-contact competitions are common in non-striking styles, which usually only forbid holds prone to causing injury (choke holds, damaging arm locks, etc.). Muay Thai, Lethwei, and Kyokushin "knockdown" tournaments (which forbid only punches to the head) are unprotected full contact, while Kendo and Tae Kwon Do are protected full contact. Protected contests use Combat Sport; unprotected matches use actual combat skills.
No Holds Barred: These tournaments are full-contact matches with few (or none) of the niceties mentioned above. Despite the name, some tactics - usually choke holds, hair pulling, and attacks to the eyes - are barred for legal and safety reasons. Mixed martial arts competitions, ancient
Some varieties of tournament combat are less "friendly" than even the most brutal sporting matches . . .
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