In 1967, Bruce Lee (pp. 24-25) founded Jeet Kune Do (JKD) in California. He welcomed all students who could meet his high standards of training. In describing his art, Lee said, "Jeet Kune Do is a process, not a goal; a means but not an end, a constant movement rather than an established static pattern." In other words, Lee didn't consider JKD to be a style - although this didn't prevent fiction, movies, and schools from representing it as one after his death. JKD is taught worldwide today. How it's taught varies greatly; see The Tao of Jeet Kune Do (see box).

Jeet Kune Do rejects the aesthetic and spiritual considerations of traditional martial arts. Lee believed that those styles were incomplete and restrictive, and placed too much emphasis on set patterns. JKD emphasizes spontaneity; it's a set of tools for engineering a flexible response to any violent situation. Anything that works is acceptable: grappling, throwing, striking, ear twisting, biting. JKD favors direct attack and instant counterattack over traditional "defend-then-counter" approaches. It also demands rigorous physical training - a legacy of its founder's obsession with fitness and the great demands his art makes of its practitioners.

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Fitness Fundamentals

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