Some General Points

The trick is to be able to deliver these blows in sequence and as rapidly as possible. Sometimes you can give two or three together. If you do not hit your opponent with the first blow, you will probably hit him with the next or the next, if they come fast enough. Keep after him.

What is the purpose of the blows?

1.—To knock out your opponent.

2.—To lessen resistance so that a lock may be used to render him unconscious or break his neck.

3.—To get him into position for a throw which may be followed with a fatal lock or kick.

Remember one blow must follow the other. Keep your opponent on the defensive.

When practising the blows against a partner, do not hit too hard. It is important to learn the location for the blows. When you want to develop speed and force, strike against a wall, door, post or sand-bag.

At first have your partner stand with his arras down, in a passive manner, offering no defence, no resistance. When you know how to deliver the blows, then practise them having your opponent trying to guard against them. It is harder now. Give "soft" blows. Just see if you can touch the spots you aim at. Then have him not only defend himself against the blows, but also try to hit you. Naturally the blows are not to be delivered with force. There is all the difference in the world between trying to hit a man's neck when his arms are down and when his arms are up, in action. Therefore try to pull your opponent's arms away with one hand and hit him with the other.

Forward Crouch

When fighting, keep your body flexed, bent low and forward —a loose crouch. It gives more protection, better balance and springing power. The lower you crouch to the floor with your feet well separated, the harder it is for anyone to push you off balance. Resting your elbowTs on your knees helps to give you a firm balance.

"Crouch Walk" Exercise

A valuable exercise to develop springing posture and firm stance is to crouch dowTn, then resting your elbows or forearms on your knees, walk about, swinging your left shoulder forward when your left fout advances and your right shoulder forward when your right foot advances. Maintain a firm balance. This is often a good position from which to attack.

"Jumping Attack" Exercise

Sometimes it is advantageous to spring up at your opponent. Practise against a long narrow sand-bag, hung up so it will support your weight. Creep up to it. Then jump up high, getting a scissors hold about it with your legs and clamping a Posterior Arwr lock (described farther on) on it with your arms. Practise leaping up high.

Your Neck

A strong neck is a valuable asset in fighting.

An exercise to strengthen the neck: The mental picture to imagine is that someone is going to grab you suddenly about the neck.

Tighten your neck muscles firmly. Shorten your neck by pulling your chin in and hunching up your shoulders. Try to make your ears touch your shoulders.

Then relax your neck and tighten it again, over and over.

If you exercise before a mirror, you may see the platysma muscle in the neck pulling up the skin of your upper chest, as the muscle gets more developed.

For Marching Soldiers

This is an exercise which may be practised by soldiers while they are marching. In this case the shoulders should be back, well braced.

The command is "Shorten, Neck!" Then after a period of a few minutes, the command "Relax, Neck!" may be given.

Weak Spot. When fighting, if you tighten your neck muscles, bend your waist to protect it from blows as your abdominal muscles may relax. (Reciprocal innervation.)

Abdominal Muscles

In fierce hand-to-hand fighting always remember to twist and turn even if you forget everything else. Twist away from facing your opponent and turn quickly towards him delivering back-elbow and edge-hand blows. Turn to one side and then to the other or turn right around coming back with powerful edge-hand blows. Use your abdominal muscles to put power into your short blows. Keep your body flexed, bent tightly.

When rolling on the ground, huddle up. Bend your arms. Bend up your legs. Bend your chin on your chest. Then kick out. Strike out. Keep twisting and turning.

A knife is invaluable. If you have not one, grab a rock or a handful of dirt or snow or anything and throw it into your opponent's eyes. Keep your knees smashing up at his stomach or crotch always. Grab him with Thumb-Down grips and pull him into blows. Get your feet between yourself and. your opponent when on the ground.

Breathing and Sound

Exhale as you strike. In practice, growl "Rwr" as you suddenly clamp a lock on your partner, and gasp "Ahhh" as you strike. Sound is very important psychologically in fighting as evidenced by the effect of the Scottish bag-pipes and the Russian war-songs. Sound and silence both have their place.

Position of your feet

When standing and fighting, keep your feet well separated. Keep them apart.

Keep Close

Keep in close to your opponent. Push him back, off balance. Keep Moving

When fighting, keep your body bending, twisting, and even spin around completely towards your opponent on occasion. What occasion? If he grabs you. You can often break a grip this way. If you turn right around to your right you can sometimes grab him wTith your left hand as you turn your back to him. Then pull him into a blow delivered with the edge of your right hand.

Direction of Blows

Remember when fighting for your life, you can hit above or below the belt. There are no rules. If he guards against blows from his waist up, hit below. If he guards himself low down, hit high. Keep bobbing up and down mixing your horizontal stream of blows with an occasional vertical blow.

Reaction Time

In All-Out Hand-To-Hand Fighting you have to become an opportunist. The more readily you can recognize an opening in your enemy's defence, caused by his ignorance or by an unexpected trick on your part, the greater are your chances of overcoming him.

You must shorten your reaction time in all the fighting methods described. At first practice the methods slowly and exactly. Gradually speed up every movement. Develop little movements and reflexes into habits, so you may act without thinking. A good Arwr man develops an automatic technique that takes care of most of his fighting actions.

Try These 2

For instance, if a man pushes you with his right hand against your left shoulder, practise gripping the cloth under his right elbow immediately with your left hand. If he pushes you with his left hand, grab at his left elbow with your right hand. Practise this until it becomes an automatic habit.

Then after that, add further technique to the movement. Build it up. Let us add a blow. Now when your opponent pushes your left shoulder with his right-hand, automatically grab cloth under his right elbow with your left hand, THEN add another reflex.

As you grab his right elbow witli your left hand, bring your right hand under your left arm to your left side. Pull him to you with your left hand grip, giving him a sharp blow with the stiffened, little finger edge of your right hand, against his right ribs. (You may give him the same blowr against the right side of his neck.

Strike at the spot least protected.)

The point is to practise and develop conditioned reflexes to speed up your fighting movements. Analyze the Arwrology methods described and cut them up into individual movements which may be practiced and speeded up, then linked together.

There are many simple "Conditioned Reflexes" like the one above which can be developed by practice. Here is another.

"When he grabs with both hands, strike!" (Fig. 64?).

Fig. 64

If he grabs with both hands—STRIKE !

Why? Because his hands are occupied. He would have to let go of you to protect himself from the blow. That takes time, and if you're fast on your reflex, you will be able to get your blow in.

There is a certain amount of mental training involved in gaining the speedy reflexes of Arwrology. Don't have a one tract mind. Do not use just blows, or grips, or a particular throw. Be ready to use anything. Mix them up so that your opponent will not know what to expect.

When two men are fighting with their fists they frequently forget the use of the knees, feet, elbows and on the existence of locks and throws. Each man seems fascinated by the fighting method used by his opponent and tends to imitate it, to fight within the same rules. Do not use the "Shoulder to shoulder slug it out method". Duck down. Weave about. Spin into him. Be unorthodox.

Another reflex to develop is, Grab, then strike. Here's an example. With your left hand, thumb down, palm facing your op-

Pull him around by grabbing the back of his left arm with your left hand, palm facing him.

the front of him, and getting your right side next to his left side give him a hard, back-hand blow against his left ribs with the stiff little finger edge of your right hand (Fig. 66).

Fig. 66

Smash a right back-hand blow against his left ribs.

And here is a little point which any good boxing coach will tell you. If you strike with one hand, you have two things to do with the other. Guard yourself and be ready to strike a second blow.

Spinning.

Frequently it is found useful to spin into your opponent before delivering your blows. How? If you want to spin around to your right, face your opponent. Crouch down low, shoulders hunched up, shortening your neck. Bring your right arm up vertically in front of the left side of your face, and cross your left forearm horizontally in front of your right arm. Stiffen your hands out so as to be ready to give edge-hand blows. Turn your palms toward your opponent.

Now for the spin to your right (Fig. 67). Take a short step forward with your right foot. Then step your left foot far forward across the front of your right foot. Then bring your right foot back, spinning right around in front of your opponent to face him suddenly, delivering a blow with the back of your right elbow, following with an edge-hand blow with your stiffened right hand. Spin in close to your opponent.

Fig. 67 The Right Spin

LEFT FOOT RIGHT FOOT

Fig. 67 The Right Spin

Then if you can get a death-dealing Arwr lock on your enemy, the rest is easy. But the problem is always how to get the lock on him. Fully seventy-five percent of the battle is getting a death hold. Your opponent wrill twist and turn and bite and kick and scratch and strike at you in manners you probably never dreamed of. Thus, one of the main features of "Blow Power" is that it acts as a speedy prelude to your holds. It weakens your opponent and helps to get him into proper position for a hold. Always aim for an

Arwr lock. They are described farther on.

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Boxing Simplified

Boxing Simplified

Devoted as I am to popularizing amateur boxing and to improving the caliber of this particularly desirable competitive sport, I am highly enthusiastic over John Walsh's boxing instruction book. No one in the United States today can equal John's record as an amateur boxer and a coach. He is highly regarded as a sportsman. Before turning to coaching and the practice of law John was one of the most successful college and Golden Gloves boxers the sport has ever known.

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