How Mobs Form

It is a gathering of people for either a casual or intentional purpose that is legal under traditional rights of assembly. Members of such a crowd think and act as individuals and are without any definite organization or united purpose. However, under stimulation of an act of violence, or under the manipulation of professional skilled agitators, this same crowd can turn into a violent mob. When the crowd changes into a mob its purpose or objective becomes a unified thing....

Revolver Vs Automatic

Much has been written on the merits of the revolver versus the automatic as a weapon of personal defense or offense. In American law enforcement circles, over 90 percent of plainclothes men and uniformed police carry and use the revolver type. The reasons for their choice are varied, many being attributable to the fact that the revolver is the historic-type hand gun used throughout the winning of the West. Primarily they chose the revolver because it has better frame construction for a swift...

Two Formations Using The Baton

Above Using the baton to extend the line to block off given areas. Each man extends his baton and it is grasped by the tip by the adjacent squad member with his free hand. This is a good formation to use when there is no physical contact taking place with the mob and the situation is passive. Below An interlocked arm formation that presents an unbreakable front to the mob. This formation can be used to block off a narrow street or doorway. It can be maintained against a passive mob that is...

Back Of Knee Kick

A kick against the back of the knee will cause an opponent to topple backward, especially if it is accompanied by a shoulder pull. o i' f 1'. n s j v i*. u n a k ai i) c o al h a t any spot above his knee height and still retain body balance. There may be instances, particularly when the opponent is crouching, when a kick can be delivered by the toe or side of the foot to the groin area, but the particular situation must determine whether or not this attempt should be made. A kick that is too...

Forearm Block

If the club, or knife, arm can be grasped as shown, before the momentum of the downward sweep of the arm is started, this block knife defense will work. It can be followed by an arm lock, by using the right hand to reach up under the knife arm, grasping the knife wrist and pulling it back and down. FOREARM BLOCK This is another block defense, successful only before momentum is achieved. In this type of forearm block, as well as that illustrated in Block Knife Defense and Arm Lock, there is...

Kill Or Get Killed

With the bombing of Pearl Harbor, war burst upon an unprepared America. Our young men, wrenched from a world where fair play was the code by which all games were conducted, were faced with a foe trained to ruthless killing. They had lo be taught to be tougher, meaner, more efficient and more merciless than the enemy if this country was to survive. It was of this necessity that the book, Kill or Get Killed was born. Techniques of hand to hand fighting worked out by then Captain Rex Applegate and...

Kinds Of Knife Defense

Self Defence Silhouette

The following knife defenses are designed for situations in which the individual is unarmed, or for some other reason cannot use the weapon which he normally carries. It is here, especially, that knowledge of the ways in which a knife attack can be made is valuable in estimating the capabilities of the opponent. For example, the man who holds his knife diagonally across his palm and carries it close to his side while advancing to an attack in a crouch is obviously to be re- CHAIR DI.I'I XSI...

The Professional Riot Control Unit

LTHOUGH this text continues to be of great value to the combat soldier and the law-enforcement officer in any type of individual hand-to-hand combat, armed or unarmed, it has recently been greatly enlarged so as to be of specific assistance also in the training of police and military units in riot duty. The incidence of riots is increasing throughout the world in this epoch of social unrest and upheaval. American law enforcement agcncics have not yet had to face the type of major, directed, mob...

Likely Places Of Knife Concealment

The places in which a bladed weapon may be carried are many. Usually local custom and the type of garment worn by the individual will determine the places in which it is most likely to be carried, and from which it is usually drawn prior to an attack. Knives have been carried successfully in the following places in a sheath at the side on a string down the back of the neck up the sleeve in a special holster taped to the wrist stuck in the top of a boot or legging with the sheath sewn inside the...

Correct Grip Of Fighting Knife

The proper grip for use on a well-designed fighting knife with handle as illustrated on page 69. of the fore and middle fingers, plus a turning of the wrist. When the palm is up it is possible (holding knife in the right hand) to slash to the right. When the palm is turned down, it is possible to slash to the left. The thrust can be executed from either the palm-up or palm-down position. At the time of contact, in-the thrust or the slash, the knife is grasped tightly by all fingers. The initial...

K i i i o ii c i t k i i i r i

Better knife defense, using the Applying arm lock after grasp-right hand and twisting the body ing wrist in the right hand, so as to escape a blow if the grip misses. Better knife defense, using the Applying arm lock after grasp-right hand and twisting the body ing wrist in the right hand, so as to escape a blow if the grip misses. Arm parry of a . . . downward thrust Arm parry of a . . . downward thrust

Mob Control Tactics And Suggestions

The following precepts and ideas must be adapted by the individual riot force to meet its own situation. All will not apply. Type, size, and motivation of the 1110b location quantity of gas munitions available number of men in the riot control unit reserves and weapons available and other pertinent factors will all affect planning and tactics. Each situation will be different. The following ideas and comments are offered, accordingly. (1) Never try to bluff a mob. Don't threaten to do things...

Authors Preface

Vietnamese Polearms

This book was first conceived and published early in World War II. If it had not been for the type of conflict experienced, combined with the circumstances and opportunities of my own personal assignments, it would never have been written. Frequent armed conflict and mob violence since the end of World War II has brought about an increasing demand for a text on these very difficult subjects. This fifth edition represents a further effort to broaden the scope of the text to cover adequately the...

Communist Tactics And Strategy In Directing Mob Violence

HIS might well be called the era of the Communist professional mob. We are at present in a period of directed mob violence. The manipulation and exploitation of this mob violence, and physical mass pressure, is a non-secret weapon which the Communists are employing on a worldwide basis with far reaching results. They are using this instrument of cold warfare for purposes of Red diplomacy. The Kremlin, using trained Soviet agents and agitators, by this means is trying to force the hand of...

The Initial Search For Weapons

When a desperate man is apprehended and held at gun point, the arresting officer always should search for his weapons. Usually, this search should be made from the rear, so that the prisoner is in doubt about the officer's position and the exact whereabouts of his gun. This initial frisk for weapons is very important. Although it is often hurried, it should never be done carelessly. The prisoner's hands, feet and legs are sources of danger. The searcher should keep his groin, or other...

Training In Use Of Grenades

Chemical agent grenades are commercially available in several distinct types. They can be loaded with either pure tear gas or nauseating gas or combinations of both, and smoke. Generally they are used by police when in close contact with rioters or individuals. Commercial grenades containing tear and nauseating gas will vary in size, shape, and diameter. They will weigh from one to two pounds. None of them are of such type that they are inconvenient to throw or carry. All are designed for...

The Long Baton

Mob Action

For purposes of this discussion we will use the word baton, considering it to be synonymous with the term riot stick in modern police terminology. This is a formidable weapon in the hands of a trained man who has confidence in his ability and training. The long baton, properly used, is an important weapon in riot control. With this weapon, trained men will have no hesitation in making physical contact with the mob members. When it is used in tactical formation so that each man is protected on...

Squad Line Of Skirmishers

Army Squad Wedge Formation

This formation is used when confronting the mob, or advancing against it. It is also used in a display of force. In this illustration, grenadiers with batons are in the front rank. Three squad members with 37mm gas guns are in the second file. The squad leader is in the rear and is armed with a submachine gun. The men with the 37mm gas guns can be placed in the front rank during a display of force, or can advance and fire short-range shells into the mob from positions between the grenadiers....

Info

BREAKING REAR BEAR HUG From a rear bear hug chat pins the arms, the point of the elbow can be used against the attacker's mid-section. EFFECTIVE RELEASE-BLOW TO GROIN The simplest and most effective of all releases is a knee to the groin or testicles. BREAKING REAR BEAR HUG From a rear bear hug chat pins the arms, the point of the elbow can be used against the attacker's mid-section. EFFECTIVE RELEASE-BLOW TO GROIN The simplest and most effective of all releases is a knee to the groin or...

Combat Shooting

Instinctive Combat Crouch

What is meant by close-quartcr combat shooting It is a matter of record that the average hand gun shooting affray takes place at a distance not exceeding 20 feet. Any distance not exceeding 40 feet can be considered as close quarters in the combat use of the pistol or revolver. Beyond that distance the capabilities of the average individual and of the weapon show a marked decline. This applies either when the sights are used or when they are not. It must be remembered that the enemy will seldom...

Front Strangle

If the victim is standing, initiate the attack by cupping the hand and striking, against the back of his neck, a guiding blow that stuns him and brings his head down as at the left above. Place his head under your left arm pit, with your forearm across his throat. By putting pressure against the throat, slow strangulation will result see right above. A neck fracture can be made by pushing forward with the hips and jerking upward with the left arm simultaneously. I I- I-. N N I V I' -' N A U AI...

Bulletproof Vests And Police Shields

Police Departments and certain types of military organizations should have available bullet-proof vests and police shields for use against armed individuals in raids and in situations where frontal attack is necessary. Law enforcement supply agencies, such as W. S. Darley and Co. and Federal Laboratories, stock these items. They arc relatively inexpensive and help to rcducc casualties when they arc used properly. Practice in shooting from behind the police shield should be mandatory during...

The Lightweight Revolver

On light-weight revolvers, like the one shown here, or like the Colt Detective Special, a man with a large hand should grip the weapon with the little finger under the butt. This prevents the weapon from climbing, and prevents loss of control in fast double-action shooting. particularly of the grip. This is not so evident or seemingly important when the weapon is fired single action, permitting the grip of the hand to be readjusted between shots, or where the size and purpose of the gun permits...

Colt Python Cal 357 Magnum

Colt Python Png

Colt produces this fine revolver with either four or1 six-inch barrel. It will also shoot all standard .38 Special cartridges. It is recommended either as a target or service weapon. The .357 magnum is still favored by many officers over the more powerful .44 magnum. THE SMITH AND WESSON CAL. .44 MAGNUM Many modern police officers, where personal choice of their sidearm is possible, prefer calibers greater than the standard .38 Special. Double action revolvers that will handle the .357 magnum,...

Posi Tion For Closil Combat Firing

At the left is shown the correct position for close combat firing of the shoulder weapon. The butt rests 011 the hip, elbow tight against the stock. The grip of both hands is convulsive. The barrel is horizontal and parallel to the ground. The body does all the pointing of the weapon, which is never swung independently by the arms. Changes in body position, using the fect, will enable the shooter to hit where he looks and in the direction in which his body is pointing. At the right is shown an...

Hand Tear Gas Projectors

Federal Laboratories Inc B2329

Top Lake Erie 12 gauge police billy that carries a spare gas shell in handle. Middle Detective gas billy manufactured by Lake Erie in 20 gauge. Bottom Caliber .38 tear gas fountain pen of a type commonly sold commercially for individual protection. Generally speaking the 20 gauge tear gas shell such as used in the Lake Erie Detective Gas billy is the smallest caliber gas projectile that can be expected to give positive results from this type of hand-carried weapon. The billy itself is...

Two Typical Gas Grenades

Knife Defense Techniques

Photo Courtesy of Federal Laboratories, Inc. Federal Triple Chaser hand grenade. This grenade breaks into three sections as illustrated two seconds after being thrown. Each section travels in a different direction, functioning as an individual grenade and covering a' wide area quickly with visible gas. out rupturing the grenade body, discharges in rapid succession three heavy blasts of gas. As each blast occurs, the device jumps ten or twelve feet in a different and unpredictable direction. The...

Types Of Disarming Techniques

There are two general types of disarming techniques. Both advocate the removal of the weapon from the body area as the first move. The more successful advocates an instant follow-up body attack on the gun wielder. The other one, too generally advocated by law enforcement officers, concentrates on wresting the gun from the hold-up man. If this succeeds, it still is necessary to subdue him before he can be brought in under arrest. How he is to be subdued seems to be left entirely up to the...

Colt Ar15 Gas Grenade Launcher Missiles

The versatility of this new arm and its application to police use has been increased greatly due to the fact that Lake Erie has produced special grenades and missiles enabling its use in riot control with tear gas, KO, and smoke. Above With the special gas grenade now manufactured, it is possible to hurl a charge of tear gas approximately 400 feet when the gun is held at a 30 degree angle. Below A finned barricade projectile can be fired with accuracy at a window at ranges up to 75 yards. It...

Miscellaneous Weapons

At the top are brass knuckles, a well-known implement for use in eavy-type, round, blackjack with spring handle Third from the top is the most vicious type of blackjack known. The brass knob on the end of the telescoping spring shaft will easily penetrate the skull bones. This weapon was developed during World War II and was used in underground warfare. At the bottom is the iron claw, the most effective of all mechanical come-along devices. This is particularly suitable for handling unruly...

Platoon In Wedge Formation

This is an offensive formation used for splitting up mob elements, and advancing and clearing streets. In the illustration two squads carrying batons, grenades, and 37mm gas guns make up the front or V of the formation. Squad leaders are behind armed with submachine guns. Directly to the rear of the point is the officer in command, with a radio man on his left. The third squad is in reserve in the rear of the oificcr. It is armed with automatic weapons, extra 37111m gas guns, and special rifles...

Killing Enemy Sentry

Rear Knife Attack

The following description of the correct attack technique for killing an enemy guard or sentry should be of general interest to any student of knife attack. To the soldier, plant guard, and policeman it will show the need for precautions against a surprise attack from the rear. It is a type of attack for which there is no defense if the victim is taken by surprise. It is not unlikely that it will be used again, since many individuals, in all armies during World War II, received training in it,...

Commercial Long Range Projectiles And Barricade Gas Shells

Barricade Firing Position

This type of projectile is designed for projecting tear or sickening gas into barricades, defended rooms or buildings, Left Firing position when firing a long-range gas projcctile in front of, back of, or into the mob. The angle of the piece will dictate the range. Practice with specially designed practice ammunition will enable the shooter to hit his objective with sufficient accuracy for tactical use. Note that the weight of the shooter is on the forward leg. Left Firing position when firing...

Body Areas Most Vulnerable To Knife Attack

Knife Attack Body

A man attacked from the front by a bladed weapon has two spots he instinctively protects the throat and the stomach, or abdominal section. Perhaps the reason why he instinctively protects these two areas is that they are easy for an opponent to reach. In any event, the psychological effect of a knife wound in these areas, whether it is serious or not, is so great that the victim is usually momentarily incapacitated. The throat area is vulnerable to either the thrust or the slash, the thrust...

Vulnerable Parts Of The Body

The human body is made up of many vulnerable spots. Some are nerve centers, some are organs unprotected by a bony or muscular structure, and some are areas only lightly protected by bone or muscle tissue. About a dozen such spots can be attacked with marked results in combat. A well-timed blow or pressure brought to bear on one of these vital areas will disable an opponent or force him to cease offensive action. Man has many natural weapons his head, teeth, elbows, feet, knees, hands and...

Us Army Gas Munitions Equipment

It is important that civilian police and others have knowledge of gas equipment in current use by the U. S. Armed Forces. Under emergency conditions this equipment may be made available to civilian police units or it may be used in support of civil law enforcement agencies by National Guard or Army units in certain situations. Generally, commercial equipment such as 37mm gas guns and the variety of gas grenades and projectiles offered give more flexibility to civil police units in mob actions...

Nauseating Or Sickening

The effects of tliis type gas are much more spectacular and severe than those of tear gas. Sickening gas has a continuing disabling effect that can last as long as 24 hours when the victim has been exposed to a severe, prolonged concentration. It should be used judiciously and only in extreme cases of emergency. Adverse publicity, political repercussions, and the effect of the gas on innocent bystanders must always be considered. This chemical agent should never be used in an unrestricted...

Parry Defense Against Underhand Thrust

Knife Parry

Parrying an underhand thrust, using right, or master, arm. Using the left hand to parry a right-handed thrust to the outside. Usual knife defense, initiated with the left hand. Note the danger if the hand misses the wrist. Usual knife defense, initiated with the left hand. Note the danger if the hand misses the wrist. the parry again is a good means of defense. The parry can he executed either with the right or left arm as follows. As the attacker makes an upward thrust, sweep your right arm...

Rear Pistol Disarming And Arm Lock

Firs determine in which of your opponent's hands the gun is held and whether it is held close to your back. Then pivot to the right on your right foot, so that on completion of the pivot you are on tlie outside of the gun arm and are facing the gunman, as in the right pose above. As you pivot, sweep your right arm down, knocking the gunman's arm to his left. Bring your right hand up and under his gun arm, placing your hand on the biceps of his gun arm. The completion of the movement results in...

Bobbing Targets

Tliis type of surprise target is practically fool-proof in operation. It does not contain the usual springs, hinges, and so forth, which arc a continual source of trouble and which are commonly found in bobbing targets. These targets can be best installed behind the edges of walls and behind trees, and in ranges such as the House of Horrors. The counterbalance principle used in their operation is the secret of their success. The oifset hole, through which a bolt or large spike can be driven...

Long Baton Or Riot Stick

The English peasant in the medieval times of Friar Tuck and Robin Hood fought with a long, stout, round wooden stave called a quartcrstaff. It varied in length from six to eight feet and was quite a formidable arm. He used it as a two-handed offensive and defensive weapon. Because he was seldom permitted to bear other arms, such as edged or other lethal weapons, the peasant developed the technique of fighting with the quartcrstaff to a high art. Competitions were held at county fnire in...