Pa Kua Chang Related Periodicals

Qi The journal of Traditional Eastern Health and Fitness Insight Graphics, Inc., P.O. Box 221343, Chantilly, VA 22022 - Steve Rhodes and his crew at Insight Graphics continue to provide readers with interesting information relating to all aspects of Traditional Eastern health and fitness. The magazine is produced in a very high quality format. Journal of Asian Martial Arts 821 West 24th Street, Erie, PA 16502 - This is a high quality publication which provides well researched articles in a...

By Andrew Dale

As stories and legends get passed on, as with rumors and gossip, facts are sometimes changed and altered depending upon the lineage or simply the memory of the story teller. As time goes on many of these stories are taken as fact, completely true without a second thought. The heroes are supermen with the ability to defend themselves without even ruffling their hair. One story Pa Kua practitioners have grow up hearing was the famed fight between Tung Hai-Chuan and Kuo Yun-Shen. This story says...

Who were some of the best Pa Kua students of Cheng Ting Hua

Sun Lu-T'ang said Liu Pin had all the knowledge since he spent the longest time with Ch'eng T'ing-Hua. Sun Lu-T'ang only studied with Ch'eng for three years. Liu Pin was a security guard for a wealthy family. He would work all night, then teach a group of special students at the Temple of Heaven Park. The best of the 4th generation of Pa Kua from the Ch'eng T'ing-Hua lineage were Liu Shih-Kuei, Wang Wen-Kuei, and Liu Hsin-Han. Liu Shih-Kuei was the son of Liu Pin...

Liu Pin second from right center row was Liu Hsing Hans main Pa Kua instructor

When Tung Hai-Ch'uan was much older, he met a younger man named Sung Wei-I, master of the To Shin Pa Kua. This was his Pa Kua uncle's student. To Shin Pa Kua is done always low but with high stepping. The difficulty of this system is perhaps why it didn't flourish like the Yu Shen Pa Kua did. Prior to the Cultural Revolution, the tombs of the three Taoists were very well known and visited because they were reputed to be intact, it is said they were lifelike. During the Cultural Revolution,...

Were they the originators of Pa Kua Chang

Pa Kua was a result of these Taoists studying the old folk martial arts and integrating their philosophy, knowledge, and wisdom which was the beginning of Pa Kua Chang. Over the years it evolved into the Taoist martial arts based upon the T'ai Chi and Pa Kua philosophies. They kept this knowledge as their own and practiced it as a Taoist art on Mt. Chou Hua. After Tung studied with Pi Ch'eng-Hsia, Pi instructed him to go out into the world and let the art return to the people. Pi Ch'eng-Hsia...

What should students look for when they seek a teacher and how can one know if the teacher is good or really knows Pa

Who was his teacher Does it come form one of the old masters lineage The older the better and truer the knowledge. 2. The internal must be there, not just the forms and changes. The teacher must demonstrate the Pa Kua philosophy in their actions and behavior, Pa Kua is not just fighting and forms. 3. Knowing only one set of eight changes or forms is not good. Limited knowledge isn't good. The teacher should know Pa Kua Chi Kung, several forms of changes, applications and weapons. 4. You must...

Please tell me about Pa Kua pushing hands

Movement Palm Hands Martial

There are eight fixed Beijing Pa Kua T'ui Shou. Fixed Wang Wen-Kuei, now deceased, was Liu Hsing-Han's elder kung fu brother under Ch'eng T'ing-Hua's student Liu Pin. Wang Wen-Kuei and Liu Hsing-Han practice together means the feet don't move. They are very different from T'ai Chi T'ui Shou. After these are done correctly, you then begin to learn moving Pa Kua T'ui Shou. There are more than eight of the moving T'ui Shou. Also, the student must know the applications to all the eight palm...

As a professor of Chinese Culture what is your opinion about the development and history of Pa Kua Chang

In the past, most of the students were not able to read or write. Ch'eng T'ing-Hua, Sung Chang-Jung, and Yin Fu were scholars. Most students learned and only copied their teachers. This isn't very good, there is no growth, development or creativity in the art. You follow your teachers and the instruction to develop a true foundation and understanding of Pa Kua. As you become older, you use your mind to understand Pa Kua. You may see something from another art or style that is beneficial and may...

If you just dance the movements then all forms are easy but its not good Pa

What was the progression a traditional student would go through In Beijing Pa Kua the first three years the student would primarily walk the circle. This served three purposes First, it develops the legs and trains the body as a foundation for all else taught. You can tell how good a person's Pa Kua is by how they walk the circle. Second, it gives the teacher time to study the student's personality and temperament. A student with no dedication or a bad attitude won't last through this level of...

The easier the movement looks on the outside the more difficult it is to do correctly internally

Chi Kung Tutorial

Pa Kua looks easy, but its much more difficult than T'ai Chi. There is much more going on inside. Its very difficult to practice correctly. The easier the movement looks on the outside, the more difficult it is to do correctly internally. Many people think they'd enjoy practicing Pa Kua but after they start or learn the basic walk and Eight Palms, they don't want to put forth the effort to practice correctly in order to progress. You mentioned there were very few teachers who know the complete...

Purpose and Policy Statement

In order to keep the Pa Kua Chang Journal an un-biased forum for Pa Kua Chang instructors and practitioners to exchange their thoughts and ideas about the art of Pa Kua Chang, this Journal is totally subscriber-supported and does not affiliate itself with, or receive support from, any particular Pa Kua Chang instructor or martial arts school. In order to help maintain integrity and impartiality, the Journal will not accept paid advertisement. The Journal is published six times a year. Each...

Letsbloking

In our last issue Vol. 3, No. 1, page 6 we included an article which described the Pa Kua Chang generation names as written by Tung Hai-Ch'uan. It turns out that we made a mistake on one of the characters listed. The mistake was made on the character which depicts the seventh generation. The generation name is I. The correct character is shown below. The incorrect character we printed is pronounced the same as the correct character and the name as it is printed on the stone at Tung's tomb is...

On the Cover

Since there were never any pictures taken of Ch'eng T'ing-Hua, this months cover features 3 photos and a drawing of four of Ch'eng's famous students. 1 - Photo number one is of Ch'eng's youngest son, Cheng Yu-Hsin. 2 - Photo number two is of Ch'eng's most well known student, Sun Lu-T'ang. 3 - This drawing is a likeness of Ch'eng's younger brother, Ch'eng Tien-Hua. Ch'eng Tien-Hua also studied with Tung Hai-Ch'uan. 4 - This photo is of Ch'eng's eldest son, Ch'eng Yu-Lung also known as Ch'eng...

The Pa Kua Chang of Cheng Ting Hua

Go ask the common man on the street who Tung Hai-Ch'uan's two most famous students were and nine out of ten responses will be a very puzzled look followed by, What's a Tung The tenth guy will just ignore you. However, ask this same question of any Pa Kua Chang practitioner, or avid player of Trivial Pursuit The Pa Kua Chang Edition, and more times than not the answer will be Yin Fu and Ch'eng T'ing-Hua. Yin Fu is very well known because he was Tung's first Pa Kua student and stayed with Tung...

With one leg crossed over the other however there was no chair under him

In the late 1800's, two wrestling styles were popular in Beijing, Manchurian Mongolian wrestling and Pao Ting fast style wrestling. The Pao Ting style was quicker than the Manchurian style. As soon as the opponent came in contact with the wrestler, he would be thrown. There was not any grappling, struggling, or tussling as we see in western wrestling. This wrestling also combined punching, kicking, joint locking and point striking with its throwing techniques. Ch'eng T'ing-Hua was a avid...

Cheng Ting Huas youngest son Cheng YuHsin

Yin Yang Shaped House

Another kind of kung fu that Ch'eng practiced as a young eyeglass maker involved increasing his leg strength. In all Chinese martial arts, leg strength and stability are necessary skills. While Ch'eng was studying shuai chiao it is said that while he ground glass in the shop, he would sit with his legs crossed ankle of the upper leg resting on the knee of the lower leg . He would appear to be sitting in a chair with one leg crossed over the other, however, there was no chair under him. He would...

Li TsunI left and Chang Chao Tung right were two with Cheng Ting Hua and probably learned their

Ch'eng made several attempts at attacking Tung but was never able to even lay a hand on him. Ch'eng knelt down and asked Tung if he could become a student. At this point in time, Tung had not accepted many Pa Kua Chang students. Although Tung had taught many people martial arts in the Prince of Su's palace, it is said that he had only taught Pa Kua to three people prior to teaching Ch'eng T'ing-Hua. The large majority of his students in the palace were said to have learned...

We can assume that Tung would have taught Cheng using Chengs knowledge of shuai chiao as a base

If those who say Tung's original tombstone had his students listed in the order in which he taught them are correct, then Ch'eng was indeed Tung's fourth disciple, as his name appears fourth on the list. The first name listed on this stele is Yin Fu, followed by Ma Wei-Chi, Shih Chi-Tung, and then Ch'eng T'ing-Hua. The year Ch'eng met Tung was approximately 1876. Tung died in 1882, so at best Ch'eng studied with Tung for 5 or 6 years. Tung Hai-Ch'uan was known to have only accepted Pa Kua Chang...

Of the famous HsingI masters who were good friends Pa Kua Chang from Cheng not Tung Hai Chuan

It is said that after laying a Pa Kua foundation with the circle walk practice, single palm change, double palm change, and smooth changing palm, Tung would teach the student Pa Kua Chang based on what the student already knew. Taking this information to be true, we can assume that Tung would have taught Ch'eng using Ch'eng's knowledge of shuai chiao as a base. Some accounts of Ch'eng's life report that if a martial artist came to challenge Tung, they would first have to...

Cheng Ting Huas eldest son Cheng YuLung

The punch and Kuo's incoming fist struck the door frame, knocking a piece of it off. Kuo was startled at Ch'eng's speed and agility and knew that Tung was much better than Ch'eng, so he dropped the idea of a challenge with Tung. This story concludes with a similar statement about the two masters agreeing that students of Hsing-I should study Pa Kua and vice-versa. While this would also make a fascinating bed time story for the kids, it is probably not true either. Some say that Ch'eng and Kuo...

Anecdotes about Cheng Ting Hua

As with all famous martial artist, stories of Ch'eng Ting-Hua's greatness are plentiful. In their book, Ch'eng Style Pa Kua Chang, Liu Ching-Ju and Ma Yu-Ching tell stories about Ch'eng wearing a ten catty vest of iron when he practiced Pa Kua and when he was at work during the day. They also say that Ch'eng would practice his chuang chang crashing palm for hours by striking a heavy bag of sand which hung from the ceiling. They claim that he also liked to practiced his Pa Kua while carrying a...

Cheng Ting Huas Death

Tai Chi Students Learning

Ch'eng T'ing-Hua was killed during the Boxer Rebellion when the eight foreign armies invaded Beijing 1900 . The story, which has been printed in various books which contain accounts of Ch'eng's life, states that when he saw the invading armies come into Beijing, he swore to defend his country from the enemy. It is said that he witnessed German soldiers killing civilians, and burning and plundering without restraint. Full of anger, he approached a German patrol alone and attacked them with...

Cheng Ting Huas Students

Ch'eng T'ing-Hua taught Pa Kua Chang near his spectacles shop in Beijing, which was located near the Chung Wen Gate in the southern part of the city about one mile northeast of the Temple of Heaven . The practice area they used was referred to as the southern field. In addition to teaching in Beijing, Ch'eng also taught in his home village in Shen County. Ch'eng's father had died young and Ch'eng returned to his village once a month to look in on his mother. One of the first people Ch'eng...

The Origins of Pa Kua Chang Part

In the last issue of the Pa Kua Chang Journal, we began a serial article which explores the origins of the art of Pa Kua Chang. In the first instalment, we reported that there are four main theories relating to Pa Kua's origins. These theories are as follows 1 Tung Hai-Ch'uan developed Pa Kua Chang after learning Yin Yang Pa P'an Chang from Tung Men-Lin. This version of Pa Kua's origin was published in the 1937 text Yin Yang Pa P'an Chang Fa written by Jen Chih-Ch'eng. 2 The Unauthorized...

Pa Kua Chang practitioner and martial arts historian Kang KoWu A Yunnan native Kang now lives in Beijing

That Tung might have learned from. 4 Tung Hai-Ch'uan was the founder of Pa Kua Chang. The individuals who subscribe to this theory believe that Tung spent his youth learning other martial arts and invented Pa Kua Chang based on his experience combined with a circle walking meditation practice he learned from a Taoist. In the first part of this article, we examined the first two theories listed above and concluded that these two theories had no basis in fact. The primary source of this...

Kaos laterheaven Pa Kua was the same as that taught by Han MuHsia

A few of the schools in Ch'eng T'ing-Hua's lineage now practice Liu Te-K'uan's straight line sets. Liang Chen-P'u's Pa Kua contains eight straight line sets which each contain 8 movements. The first movement of each set is an attack. The next movement is designed to simultaneously defend against and counter-attack the movement that the opponent would most likely make to defend himself against the original attack. The set continues in this fashion and thus becomes a linked fighting...

Legends of Other Taoists

Aside from the story of Pa Kua Chang originating from the brothers Pi, there are numerous other fables floating around which claim that Tung learned from other mystical masters of the mountains. Many of these stories of Pa Kua's origins, and anecdotes of Tung's life, were the creations of a well known storyteller in Tianjin, Chang Chieh-Sen. Chang practiced Pa Kua and loved to tell stories about Tung to anyone who would listen. Those who sat and listened to his tales knew that he was making...

Tien Hui claims to have studied a family style Pa Kua Chang which is over 400 years old

He secretly entered the Palace in Beijing on several occasions and killed people. During the Tao Kuang Emperors reign 1821-1850 , a third generation practitioner, T'ien Fu-Yu, had great battles in front of the Emperor regents palace and killed several scores of people. This news was said to have shaken Beijing at the time. This story was told 100 years later by T'ien Hui, who at the time was 60 years old. When Professor K'ang Ko-Wu read these two stories, he was naturally very...

Mei Mountain Pa Kua Chang

Along with the stories of Tung learning from Taoists on Chou Hua mountain, there are other stories which say that he spent time in the E Mei mountain area of Sichuan Province and that he learned his Pa Kua there. In his book Pa Kua Lien Huan Chang Wang Shu-Chin tells of how Tung learned from two Taoists on E Mei mountain named Shang Tao-Yuan and Ku Chi-Tzu. In this book Wang also states that the two Taoists taught Tung the circle walking method telling him that he was to walk the circle around...

Kao I Shengs Pa Kua Chang

Japanese Martial Art Wrist Locks Names

In 1936 Kao I-Sheng wrote in the forward to his book, Pa Kua Supple Body Continuous Palms, that between 1911 and 1918 while he was teaching in Ta Shan township, he met a Taoist who called himself Sung I-Jen who taught him Hou T'ien Pa Kua Chang 64 straight line sets . The story which is told by some of Kao's descendents says that after Kao had studied Pa Kua Chang with Chou Yu-Hsiang and Ch'eng T'ing-Hua, he returned to his home in Shantung Province, around 1911, to teach what he had learned....

So Tung Hai Chuan didnt create Pa Kua Chang

Tung Hai-Ch'uan's greatest accomplishments were to take the art he learned from Pi Cheng-Hsia study, research, and expand the system into what we know as Beijing Pa Kua Chang. Throughout his life, he creatively expanded and sought to perfect this system. He had many weapons forms but the best innovation was the crescent knives. This is why Tung is considered the first generation master of Pa Kua Chang. Also, his greatest accomplishment was to make this art available to the public, not only the...

Investigating Chou Hua Nine Flower Mountain

Pa Kua Chang practitioners who cling to the Pi Ch'eng-Hsia theory state that prior to the Cultural Revolution in China there were actually tomb stones and graves of Pi Ch'eng-Hsia and Pi Yueh-Hsia located on Nine Flower Mountain. Not one to leave any stones unturned, Professor K'ang Ko-Wu spent several weeks on Nine Flower Mountain investigating this possibility. In his thesis he reports that according to the Nine Flower Mountain Guide Book written in 1925 by Chang Chou-Wei of Ching Yang...

Well known Pa Kua Chang stylist Chiang Jung Chiao left sits with his student Sha Kuo Cheng right Liu YunFa is standing

Chen Yin-Chang also taught Pi Yueh-Hsia's fraternal twin, Pi Ch'eng-Hsia, also known as Pi Tung-Hsia. These two Taoists were reported to be of the eighth generation of this system of boxing and they lived on Nine Flower Mountain. Chiang's article reports that Pi Yueh-Hsia taught a man named Sung Te-Ho, who was more commonly known as Sung Wei-I. Sung was from Pei Chen County in the Feng Tien area of Liu Ning Province. Sung Wei-I was a recluse living in Lu Shan who died in 1925....

Pa Kua Chang practitioner Lu ShengLi studies with his teacher fourth generation inheritor Liu Hsing Han every morning

Walking the circle stepping techniques include tang ni bu, or mud walking step, lien pu, or continuous step also called the lion step , and crane stepping which is used to increase power. The k'ou pu and pai pu footwork is utilized when changing direction. After the basic palm work is complete, the student will usually study the old eight palms also known as the eight great palms, the eight central palms, or the eight mother palms . Although today these eight palm...

Pi Cheng Hsia and Chou Hua Mountain Pa Kua Chang

Gentleman 1920

After Tung Hai-Ch'uan's death in 1889, his successors made a point of saying that Tung had learned his art from a Taoist in the mountain fastness while traveling throughout the country studying martial arts. Many stories were told about Tung learning from Immortals, Taoist sages, or Buddhists in ancient temples located on clouded mountain peaks. Although it is difficult to conclude from these stories where these mystical mountains might have been located, Yin Fu and others stated that the...

Kao ISheng actually first wrote his book in 1927Pa Kua Chang instructor Kao ISheng said his later

Kua Sketch Internal Martial Art

Re-wrote it in 1932,a nd completed it in 1936. heaven palms were not from Tung. strike, Kao used reverse opening palm and Chou was knocked away. Chou was so impressed with Kao's 64 later-heaven palms that he traveled to Shantung to try and find Sung I-Jen, but he could not find any such person. While teaching his art in Tianjin, one of Kao's senior students was Wu Meng-Hsia. Wu had studied Pa Kua Chang with Han Mu-Hsia prior to studying with Kao. After Wu had studied with Kao, he reported that...