kill ok g et k 1 ll ed custom and die rvpc of garment which the knife carrier wears.
Knives have been carried successfully in the following places: in a sheath at the side, down the hack of the neck, up the sleeve, stuck in the top of a boot or legging, with the sheath sewn inside the front pocket, under the lapel of a suit coat, in the crown of a hat, between the belt and the trousers, strapped to the inside of the thigh beneath the trouser leg, in a sheath sewn diagonally across the chest, on a vest, and in am other place combining both concealment and the clement of surprise to the advantage of the user. As in the earn ing of small arms, there is no one best place to carry a knife. F.ach individual has his own ideas, but once a place has been decided upon, let the knife user carry it there constantly and practice its draw from that location, so that he will be able to use it with the greatest speed and with as much instinctive movement as possible.
In sentry killing, all things regarding the approach and initial attack described for use with a Japanese strangle applv. The approach from the rear is naturally a noiseless one. At the time of rising a few feet in the rear of the victim, the knife should either be taken from the sheath where it has been during the crawl, or taken from the teeth where it may have been carried. The attack is launched from a distance of not less than 5 feet from the victim and is initiated as soon as the attacker has arrived at that spot. This immediate attack is important because of the animal instinct, emphasized by keeping your eyes steadily on him as you approach, which will warn the victim that some one is approaching and watching him. The upward thrust of the knife into the middle of the back or the right or left kidney section is executed at the end of the leap to the attack. At the same time, the free hand is clasped over the mouth and nose of the victim, pulling him backward off balance. The thrust into the kidney area has initially a great shocking effect and no outcry will occur if the free hand goes over the mouth and nose at the time of the tlirust. Pull the victim back upon
Assassins I rick: Blade lying along forearm.
the blade continually and after a few seconds, pull the blade from the back, and maintaining the same grip on nose and throat, lift the head up and slash the jugular vein.
One method of using the knife in assassination is worthy of mention because it is as old as history and is practiced throughout the occupied countries today. Fortunately members of the Gestapo and local Quislings have been the ma-
jority of the victims. The assassin spies his victim in a crowd and approaches him from the front. His knife is held in his hand with the hilt down and the blade laying flat along the inside of the forearm or concealed up the sleeve. The handle, is of course, concealed by the fingers. The assassin with the knife in this position passes the intended victim walking toward him, and as he reaches a point directly opposite the victim, a simple movement of his wrist frees the blade and a short arm movement plunges it into the kidney area of the victim. The knife is either left sticking in the wound or is pulled out and the assassin walks on through the crowd, his movement generally undetected.
Recent reports from both enlisted men and officers of Army and Marine forces engaged in combat in the Pacific theater have all stressed the desirability of a knife for troops. These requests have varied from die request for a utility type weapon, which admittedly is necessary in the heavy jungle growth, to requests for a pure fighting knife. When earlv Marine units departed for the Pacific theater last year, the commanders who had considerable jungle warfare experience in Panama and South America requisitioned from hardware stores and other sources of supply on the Pacific coast large clasp knives, hunting knives, and other knives available which would be suitable for jungle work. Particularly in the Pacific theater, the knife has been proven to be an important weapon, because the very nature of jungle warfare makes it close quarter work where the bladed weapon is particularly useful, especially in the dark.
As before mentioned, the American troops should be thoroughly indoctrinated to the knife and trained in its use. A vast majority of them will sooner or later come into contact with it in the theaters of operation. The psychological effect upon the individual soldier will be much less if he has had preliminary training and instruction in the use of the knife, particularly when he is faced with a shiny blade m the hands of the enemy.
In a majority of cases where an individual comes up against a knife in the hands of the enemy, he will never get a chance to see it coming until it is too late to do anything about it. This is due to poor light or weather conditions during which the use of such bladed weapons is ideal as well as the fact thai the knife and its draw from the sheath arc usually well concealed.
Keep Kmfe-man An-ay from Body: At extremely close quarters there is not time enough to make any defense against such a weapon other thai! an instinctive arm parry or block. Under circumstances where you are able to see the attack coming, there are certain defenses which are very effective, if vou have time to execute them. If possible, never let a man with a knife get within striking distance. Throw your empty weapons, your helmets, or a handful dirt into the attacker's eyes, or pick up a club or other weapon readily at hand. If these means of defense do not stop him or are not available, there are defenses at close quarters by which you can protect yourself from the blade and after doing so execute an attack.
The defenses described in the following paragraphs discuss possibilities dealing with a knife in the right hand of the enemy, provided you, as recipient of the attack, are also right-handed. By the same token, the left-handed individual, bv te versing the described methods can obtain the same results.
I rce of Knife BIo-j.': Any knife or other tvpe of defense should depend as much as possible upon an individual's instinctive reaction. In other words, it is much easier and surer for a right-handed individual to use the right hand to ward off or parrv a blow than it would be for him to use his left hand in thé initial phase of defense. When the knife is raised above the individual's head in a position to make a downward thrust, the best point to start the defense is before momentum and power is applied in the downward, sweeping motion. In P1°st cases, however, the hand grasping the knife will be coming downward toward the victim with all the power and force that the attacker can command to satisfy his lust to kill.
Usual knife defense, initiated with left hand. Note danger if hand misses wrist.
The fallacy of the common block: Most knife defenses shown involve a "block" by grasping the wrist or by using the forearm. These do not take into account the extreme -force of the downward thrust and its resultant impact which will cause the blade to crash through such defense to penetrate a vital body area.
The most common knife defense shown to individuals is the one which urilizcs a grip of the wrist bv the left hand followed by an arm lock, or bv a block of the downward thrust, using the right forearm. In these two cases the momentum of the knife arm will ordinarily crash through to the knife's objective. Another danger of using the common defense, of grasping the "knife wrist" bv the left hand is the fact that such a method depends upon good light and perfect timing to enable a grip on the moving "knife wrist. If the blow is sweeping down with great force and the recipient tries to grip the wrist in his left hand, the force directed toward the body area mav be such that the rhumb side of the gripping hand is liable to give way, thus allowing the thrust to continue towards its goal.
Arm parry of a downward thrust.
Another disadvantage of this common type of defense is that the initial gripping movement, which is usually instinctive, is with the left, not the master hand. Therefore a great amount of practice is necessary before such a grip can become instinctive.
Use of Master Hand: The best grip defense against a downward sweep of a knife, therefore, is one which utilizes the master hand, which is the right hand in the case of most individuals, and takes the force on the palm and finger side. By gripping the "knife wrist" with the right hand you also pivot your bodv as you reach forward, thus protecting exposed vital body areas. From the position of the knife wrist grasped in the right hand you may apply an arm lock or any of the other means of attack which have been mentioned before, the use of which can lie determined best after some practicc. The wrist grasped with the right hand is also a risky proposition in poor light, but inasmuch as the body pivots in its execution, there is less likelihood of receiving an incapacitating wound.
The Parry: A more certain defense against the downward knife thrust is rhe parry, diverting the power of the thrust as it sweeps downward. This is better because the whole length of the arm can be used. Bv using the right arm
to parry to the right, the hand holding the knife will follow on down along the outside of the body. Even in case rhe parry is not entirely successful, a flesh wound in a non-vital area will be the result. Here again, the recipient of the attack takes advantage of the instinctive movement to thrust his master hand above his head in order to protect himself from the downward blow, the only difference being that the movement of the right arm is a sweep to the right in place of a block. Conversely, one can parry the downward blow of the right-handed man, by using the left arm to parry to the outside, but the chance here of the knife crashing through, if the parry were unsuccessful, is greater because the body is directly facing the knife man, whereas when you use the right arm the trunk of the body is turned.
When you are faced with a knife held in the hands of an
Using the left hand to parry a right handed thrust to outside.
enemy for an upward thrust into your abdominal region, the parry is again the best means of defense. The parry can he executed either with the right or left arm as follows: As the attacker makes an upward thrust, sweep your right arm across the front of your body and catch the upward moving knife arm on the outside of your arm. This will cause the direction of the thrust to be diverted to your right, or outside of your body. The left arm may be used to take the initial impact to parry the weapon to the right also, but better timing is necessary if a left is used.
Any sweep of the arm in any direction, such as in a parry, causes the body to pivot naturally out of line of the thrust. Oncc the parry or block has been successfully completed, vou must move in close to your man and finish him off.
Use of Feet: One of the most effective means of defending oneself against a knife-man advancing to attack in a crouch position with knife held close to his body is to use the side of your foot to kick out the knee of the advanced leg of the attacker.
If you find yourself surrounded in a room where individuals would be likely to use knives, back into a corner and use your feet to keep them out of arm's reach.
Use of Chair: The "chair defense" against a knife-man is good, provided vou have a chair handy. Grip it by the back and point the legs at your attacker. Advance toward him, making short jabs as you advance.
The principle involved here is the same as that used in lion taming. The knife-man cannot possibly watch all four legs of the chair at once. Consequently he becomes confused and is more susceptible to blows from your fecr which can be directed towards his body in conjunction with a thrust of the chair.
Use of Stick: Another defense, which is employed against a skilled knife fighter is the use of a small srick. The stick is grasped in the right hand in such a manner that the length runs down the inside of the forearm. After some practice you can make it virtually impossible for the knife-man to reach into your vital body areas. Use the forearm to parry
any attempt to thrust. The stick lies along the inside of the forearm and wrist in such a manner as to protect the tendons and arteries against a disabling cut or slash. A cut on the outside, or bony part of the forearm will have little "hamstringing" effect.
As mentioned previously, these defenses are only possible and practicable after you have had ample time to see the knife coming towards you. The best stick defense is the one which involves the use of a limb or club the size of a baseball bat, using it with both hands in the traditional manner.
Value of Surprise: Remember that the element of surprise is very great against the knife-man if vou can take the offensive in conjunction with the parr\ or block.
As to any definite means or methods to finish him off during the attack, than depends upon you, and what you can do best according to what you have gained through practice of attacks mentioned elsewhere.
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