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COMPARE THESF TECHNIQUES. NOTICE THE SIMILARITIES. HOW MANY MOVLMILNTS CAN BE ELIMINATE!}?

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Those photos illustrate the brginnlnfl of a knife fight, thi• backbone of the Filipino martial ar/s In such a fight your entire body 1« utilized, you can kick with either leg and strike with your free hand. The difference between life or death rests solely on your skill little wonder why the Filipino martial arts are so effective. Upon the request of the Publisher and lomi? of the elderly LscrImadors. I have taken out 98% of the? dagger techniques from thi* book. Most of the empty hand skills are taken from the movement of the knife.

There Is no excuse for taking a man's life for life Is precious. Any man can take a life hut no man can give hack a life. Killing Is then a matter between a man and his own personal conviction and conscience. It is a matter of your own personal belief of right or wrong. It Is therefore important to train the mind before training the body. I personally have mixed emotions about putting any knife techniques In this book. Yet If your life or family's lives depend on It. any bit of knowledge might make the difference between life or death. The dagger then becomes an instrument which can be used for right.

I once asked a close friend. "What can I do to make this world a better place to live?" His answer. "Develop yourself first." the martial arts have been my way of developing myself physically, mentally and spiritually.

This ico.) the tc*94 time Dan would see Ifruce Lee olive, Jo /forty Kong, during the filming of HI! GAM I Of Dt ATH. The nunehoku bottle uith Beu<e m«/ to be the b*t mor-orded 7M# ***** u^» NmmW <mf ^om the fUm% w Awn fx mo« *Ho%io In CnyM.

Bruce Lee once said, while philosophizing on the martial art*. "Dan, before I studied the art. a punch to me was just like a punch, a kick Just like a kick. After I learned the art. a punch was no longer a punch, a kick no longer a kick. Now that IVe understood the art. a punch Is Just like a punch, a kick Just like a kick." The height of cultivation 1« really nothing special. It Is merely simplicity, the ability to express the utmost with the minimum.

Epilogue

Many people have asked: Why are you writing a hook about the Filipino martial aits?" What value Is it to society? With all the violence and killing in the world, wouldn't a lx>ok on the Filipino martial arts only add to the violence?*' My answer "The quest of a true martial artist, in any culture or society, is to preserve life • not destroy it." Sometimes in trying to preserve ourselves, our culture or our beliefs, the taking of life may be necessary: however, the destruction of life must not be the primary objective

In ancient times a wanior class existed in every society India had its warrior class Japan had a warrior class called the Somurci Europe had its kmghts. The civilizations of Athens and Sparta, in ancient Greece, placed a high regard on military skill and philosophy. The Roman Empire had a professional army to preserve its culture arid even the Chinese, though stressing scholarship over warfare, tried to combine martial arts with a sophisticated system of moral ethics in the Sif-Jum temples.

Fighting skill. whether it's 911 a national or individual level, should be a part of everyone's educa t:on. All the training In the world can't make you secure from all forms of violence. The objective Is to train your body, to the best of your ability, to preserve your own life and the lives of your loved ones

1 have discovered the martial arts to be a vehicle in which to grow physically, mentally, emo-ttonally and spiritually. 1 he I lliplno martial art-» merely a vehicle for me to under .'and myself and others belter. It is my hope tlvat this book can somehow bridge the gap of understanding be tween peoples Hopefully, if people can appreciate the Filipino martial arts, they can appreciate Other aspects of the Filipino culture If they can appreciate' the Filipino culiure. it is rny hope that they will appreciate things in oth*-r cultures as well This understanding may help to bring the people of the work! closer and. hopefully someday, they can live In harmony and peace

The Filipino people, of all peoples should have an innate understanding of both Eastern and Western cultures. 1 he Philippines have been influenced by five great streams of civilization They had the Northern Fluropean culture, through the United States. I he Southern European culture through Spam the Middle F.astern culture because of the Muslim-Arab«: influence; the North Asian culture came from the Chinese and the South Asian culture came from India. Indo-China and Indonesia.

A perceptive person should seek to understand the hypocrisies n all cultures Let - examine some of the hypocxLsit . :n Filipino history. Most Filipino youths born in the United St ate-, were told that Filipinos had no culture, were ignorant-unclothed savages running around with G-strings and spears, knew no form of government, lacked laws and were uneducated. This was the propaganda brought to the United States in the e.irly 1900V It is safe to say that the ma)o«ity of photographs in scientific and popular magazines have represented the Filipinos In th:s manner They represent the average Filipino as a picture of a cowboy represents the average American

Let's loox at some of the accomplishments of these, so called, primitive Malayan, sailors They sailed over an area approximately 2/3 of the circumference of the earth and there »•. evidence through oral history that their ships reached the coast of America The Malayan sailots sailed the Pacific from Africa to the Faster Islands and from China to the Coral Seas. The sailing achievements of these early Malayans were a remarkable achievement in navigation They understood the reading of the stars as well as chart making In the ARABIC BOOK OF MIRACLES, a voyage of 300 -.hips made to Madagascar in 945 A D. Is described.

Marco Polo sailed from Chine how in 1292 carrying a royal bride from the court of Kubla Khan to the Khan of Persia. His ship spent many months on the coast of Sumatra, waiting for favorable monsoons. I le utilized much of h»s time exploring the coast of Sulu and Mindinao In the Southern Phillipines. It Is from the Malayan sailors that Marco Polo learned of Madagascar. Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Zanzibar Marco Polo carried back to Europe this geographical knowledge which y/as unknown to the European nations of that period. History, whether In oral form, written form or In dance form, is always lanted According to western history Magellan discovered the Philippines; but many people in the Philippines claim that many unnamed Portuguese sailors landed before Magellan

What I would like to bring out is that history often written from the standpoint of the con-querer. In my opinion, there are always three sides to every historical event: their version, your version and the truth Most of history is prejudicial guessing. According to Will Durant, "Even the historian who thinks the rise above partiality for his country, race, creed, or class betrays his secret predilection in his choxre of materials, and in the nuances of his adjectives " A true historian seek«, the truth and does not limit his writing, he rise* above his owr* race and writes for mankind.

The United States attitude towards the Philippine*, in the past can be summed up In President

McKinley's speech: when the United States took over the Islands in 1898: ~ nothing left for us to do but educate the Filipinos, and uplift and civilize and Christianize them. ' Let's analyze President McKinley's words. The United States cah't really take credit for civilizing the Philippines for long before the Americans came, the people of the Sri-Vishayan Empire <a famous Hindu-Malayan Empire of Sumatra) had already brought a great civilization (1200 AD) The Chinese brought the:r civilization The Arabs brought their civilization and finally, the Spanish brought their civilisation. The Umled States can't even take credit for Chi »tlan>/Jng the Filipinos, because Spain gave Catholicism to the Philippines during their three hundred year stay which began in 1521 AD The United States did educate the I »l«pinos in modern times, but the Spanish preceeded them by establishing a university in 1611 (25 years before the founding of Harvard). In ancient times, even before the Spanish came, the I iIi|>Iikx( had their own schools caUed bothoon in which they learned arithmetic, religion, reading, writing, customs, ethtcs. tubus (the art of acquiring kinaadman or talisman) and the art of swordmanship and combat (Kail) Young boy* in pie-Spanish times were fiLsotrained and educated to be fighters, farmers, hunters, sailors, fisherman, shipbuilders, miners and smiths The girk in that period were taught weaving, sewing, cooking, household arts, stock r«i sing, hygiene morals, writing, reading and arithmetic. Lor>g before the arrival of the Spaniards they knew astronomy, engineering and medicine. The pre-Spanish days had both oral and written literature Much of their writings were destroyed and lost due to the Spanish destruction of their literature One priest alone in Southern Luzon burned three hundred scrolls The Filipinos were forced to set fire to their carvings and writings because the Catholic priests thought they were tK? workings of the devil. Even though the Spanish never conquered the Southern Philippines, the Philippines slid backwards under Spanish rule

The Filiptno alphabet prior to Spanish rate.

The spirit of thr Southern Philippines epitomizes the unconquerable spirit the Philippine Islands Men of all creeds and colors hove scrambled for a foothold m the Southern Philippines. Their bones still he there, and only the spirit of these intrepid men remain The Spaniards had no: envisioned and could not perceive the courage I hey were to meet from rite defenders of this land I'ho history of the Spanish Muslim wars clearly indicate* tlwit at no time did the Southern Philippine* consider the Spaniards of sufficient Imparlance to give them the honor of their undivided attention. The Spanish troops undertook the conquest of the Southern Philippines with great seriousness. The Southern Filipinos opposing them considered the Spanish as just another rival into the Southern Philippine*, and often wandered olf in the midst oi the battle to engage the Dutch. Portuguese, f.nghsh. French or then own countryman

The Spanish h id only one opponent in the Philippines, and thr Muslim-, in the Southern Philip pine-. >i.- | many The comparative eaw in which they wandered from one opponent to another was both their greatest strength and their greatest weakness

The Southern Philippines has the reputation of being warlike; but you must remember that they were waging a nisi war against land-grabbing aggrcsso*'- The Southern Philippines fought a seocs of uninterrupted battles with the Spanish for a period of 377 yearn

The Spanish, accustomed to the easy conquest ot the incas in Peru and the A/tecs in Mexico met their equal in the Southern Philippines. An interesting comparison can be made by Iookin9 at the Spanish campaigns In the New World and rhv Spanish-Muslim wars. The A*lec looked to Gar-10/ with awe and religious superstition: the I llip:no Muslims had only religious hatred toward the Spanbh The Filipinos had no legend ol Qu#t/ofcootf that would keep them (torn attacking the Spanish

In Mexico. Cortez found the Aztecs using crude obsidian knives In the Philippines the Spanish found themselves opposed by flashing K rises that were equal to their own blades It is said that the amazing temper of the Kris furnished a < utling blade equal to the finest blade of Toledo and Damascus. Incredible as it may sound the Kris can with one blow cut through a steel barrel of a Springfield rifle

The Artec» spared the lives of many Spanish sofcB*t* because they wanted to later sacrifice them on the altar of Jluiwlopochth In the Southern Philippines the Muslims sacrJjced no captive* so theiT objective u«as to kill quickly with one stroke of the Kris.

Spanish deceit was evident n both campaigns The capture of Montezuma and the capture of I he Muslim ruJer. Sultan A.imu« Din was IdentK.d Both «»I these rule is cam» to the Spanish w.th good intentions and both were de e>vod The capture of Montezuma was devastating to the A/tecs, but the capture ol the Muslim ruler had little effect. Here Is where the difference of character and culture The failure of the Spa rush plot n the Philippines was due to the fact that a Muslim ruler was not a "God to his people. A Muslim ruler held his position with strength of character and f.ght.ng ability He was expert with sword, lance and shield on Ian I. sea and on horseback. He could be ust as treacherous, a the Spanish Conqutstaiii.res and was indifferent to »uffenng or bloodshed The Filipinos w ould literally laugh at the Spanish rifles

Padre Crevas. writes of the Filipino Muslim of that period in Vic Huriey s book, SWISH OF THE KRIS "The results of the Spanish expeditions, it »s sorrowful to confess, have been almost null in sp.te of the banks ol the beautiful river having been bathed In Spanish Wood I he Soul hern FtJipftno ships were faster and swifter than the European ship of that period and they enjoyed the suptemacy rf the $eas until 18(>0 when the -.team vessel- arrived on the scene

Spanish historians writing as late as I860 ^ay that the people of Zomboanga (Southern Philippines) braver than all of the other Filipino natives and the Moros (Muslims) have so proven their courage that the name of Zamboanga is spoken with awe. So skillful are these warriors that this area has always been exempt from tribute

In Michael Hart s book. THE ONE HUNDRED, he lists the 100 most influential people in the history of mankind. The first 25 in order of importance are:

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