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Remember: defense» are strikes, strikes are defenses, and the most valuable element when learning to use them is your own creativity.

Weapon Characteristics

F.wr,rnadort claim the ability to pick up any Kond wielded weapon, regardlcw ol Its shape, and uw it effectively. To someone un-fam&ar wth Escrtma pnnopk^ that sounds presumptuous. but consider the pattern of angSe* again There's only SO many ways fo hit an opponent

If you're already familiar with one or more weapons, all the better Swing the weapon, jab the weapon, hit anything with the weapon and see if you don't use wme form of that pattern The angies of Danny Inosanfo's Escnma and Kali are pnncipUrs They hove nothing to do I* Hh %tyle or faction instead of thinking of a weapon as belong-Iruj to the Chinese Ot the Japanese -»* the h~ltfp<nos i>1 any particular martial Oft. Instead of thinking of a weapon by» its %»xoi»c name, look at the weapon The performance of a weapon is affected by its characteristic*, no« by its oogin or its name

Some charactertstx* to look for are length, weight, shape and flexibility Below are common combination of these characteristics and a few ways they might affect a fighter's tallies You should hi* able to expand these Ideas on your own Remember, the characteristics of a weapon affect some of the tactics you would emphasise m Its use. but they don't change the principles B^lisons ^^

(Butterfly w M (pocket *tlck>

Short/Light Weapon

1. Capable of quick turns and multiple hits

2. Emphases on in-fighting to include a short, quick body angling b staying to /tfco pressure area c jamming d staying away from opponent's alive hand hits e. own active us** of alive hand for defense and offense A short, heavy weapon retains about the same maneuverability a« a short bght weapon

Long /Heavy Weapon

1 Mainly single hits, must follow through to redirect weapon's momentum. V. Emphasis on long-range fighting to include:

a accentuated body angling b meets and follows c less use of ahve hand A long. Ugh* weapon 1% treated about the same as a long, heavy weapon (l.e . k>rvj-ronge fighting) but the light weapon may be t fed f«>f repeated hits on the same line or a different line and for multiple >abs

1 Emphasis on jabs and thrusts

Tnbak loyok (nunchaku)

Tnbak loyok (nunchaku)

(chain)

Flexible Weapon

1. Con bend over or around opponent's block to hit.

2. Forces opponent to commit his blocks

3. Hits must follow through, no quick retractions

Double KiU (huokU)

Double KiU (huokU)

Curved Blade (Concave Edge)

1. Can reach over or around opponent's block

2 Cutting mainly occur* on (a) the side of the curve neare .t your hand. |b) hack ing In the center, (c) hooking and stabbing toward the end of the weapon

Curved Blade (Convex Edge)

1 Hits must be placed (a) near center of the blade or (b) slightly forward for cut ting. Hence, treat It like a shorter bladed weapon

2 Thrusts are out

Bladed Weapon

1 Emphasis on drawing the weapoi* over the target (shortening arcs) to cut.

vSomc of l>an Inosanto's ueap&n* tue pUturrd here. MoUce the tips of Xirnv UH-orxvi» are taped over with yeltou top*'-IAjii artd ISruce Lee found that this created "retina-rett niton" dvrlny dettt Ural ion a oe during $ra>tU»ft picture filming.

The Empty Hand

One of the most important aspects of Escri ma and Kal that the principle*, in volved are not restricted to weaponry. All the principles that have been described so far can he applied to empty hand movement The illustration* below show some examples of how the angles remain unchanged.

Dagger

Sibat (staff)

Karong (sword)

Stick

These photos ALL show a 0 1 angle strike with:

Sibat (staff)

Stick

Karong (sword)

Dagger

Diagonal Tabak toyok Sibat with

Overhead (nuncliaku) backhand punch strike

Right palm or claw
Knife? hand

Back fist

Backhand with h.iinincr fist

Back fist

Backhand with h.iinincr fist

When I first started training in Escrlma and Kali, Master John LaCoste .said, "If you want to learn how to use your fist - you must first learn how to use the weapon/9 In Escrima and Kali training you learn the weapon first and then move on to empty hand training.

Hammer fist
l>A9ser pointed down

Thm photos ALL show a angle* strike with:

Stick with right hand

Bamjkow (spear)

Bangkow with backhand strike

Dagger with Stick with Dagger with

Thrust left hand Slice

Lou- body hook

Low body hammer

Kick

Lou- body hook

Low body hammer

Kick

Dagfier In reverse position

Dagfier In reverse position

Tabak toyok (nunchnku)

RELATE TO THE ANGLE OF ATTACK AND NOT THE WEAPON! VISUALIZE ALL ANGLES WITH ALL WEAPONS ON YOUR OWN.

Defends likewise, are the some though often abbreviated. I he example*, below show how a defensive move and counter may 90 from the weaponed form to the exaggerated empty hand form, to the abbreviated empty hand form for combat in the abbreviated form, the alive hand does most of the defensive work, leaving the other hand free for direct hitting

NUMBER 1 STRIKE inside sweep to "2 counter

Hit first if possible

NUMBER 1 STRIKE inside sweep with rinht hand to backftst

Hit first if possible

Hit first if possible

NUMBER I STRIKE left hand outside pnrry with riflht punch

Hit first if possible

NUMBER 2 STRIKE outside sweep to counter

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Boxing Simplified

Boxing Simplified

Devoted as I am to popularizing amateur boxing and to improving the caliber of this particularly desirable competitive sport, I am highly enthusiastic over John Walsh's boxing instruction book. No one in the United States today can equal John's record as an amateur boxer and a coach. He is highly regarded as a sportsman. Before turning to coaching and the practice of law John was one of the most successful college and Golden Gloves boxers the sport has ever known.

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