I 3THIK1NG SURFACES AND VULNKKAblJS POINTS
The touori ce of effective hand to hand fighting u the concentration of maximum furce at Che right place at the right lime. Id thin section, wo will dlacuae the natural weapon« a variable to the aoldier for uue in the definite and attack. Although the entire body could be uaed (head, teeth. etc.), we will cover only thoee point* where mail mum fore« can be concentrated: primarily Lhe arm» and Itge a. Fiat. The fiat in the moil commonly uved weapon in hand-to hand fighting. Coneiant practice ie needed to develop and maintain a etrong fiat. The firattwo knuckles of the fiut are the atriking pointa. All striking power is concentrated there. The top of the fiut/ forearm and the face of the fiat form a 90° angle. A etr eight line can be drawn from the center of the forearm out through the center of tha two knucklaa. To gain maximum force from the body, through the arm and to the knuckle*, the arm and r»ai roust be kept jitraight. 1 )ii nut bend the writi. You can feel tha central bona« of the tj • arm forming a line pointing to the center of the two knuckW
c. Bottom Fiat. Used mainly In attack head. baae of back, top of spin«, elbow joint«, and other hard aurfacea. Aluo u*pd in blocking.
d. ForeknoekleFist Vrt*n fincert together with thumb K<*eptnp«>f ho nd ttrsight l>onot bend wrist Used to sttsrk Adsin'» npple. between no«e snd upper tip find temple
e. On«knuckl« Fiat. Ex Und knuckle of forefinger end huid down with thumb. Deed to attack temple, between eyes
f. Knife Hand. Form d ngid hand by teriamg mueclce <prc*e li)umb in) Keep wrinl straight. Strike with meaty purtion of hand. Ueed to attack neck, temple*, collarbone
R. Hand Herl. Similar ti» kmfchmul rxcept wriat is bent Used to attack collarbone.
i. Two-Kinder SjH.'ui. Umsü in «iltaüku^ «y««.
j. Fu rearm. lI*od in «trong blocking technique«
k. Eümw. Uflcd in rlnac rnnR*» iillnck tri chin, chrnt, rib*. aoliir plexuw.
I. Knee. n ein** rnnp»> mtnck tr» foc«\ Min plfiti*. groin
in. liidUp UoL'd in front snap kicking la attack #roi».
n Boot Toc Ueed in front kicking to attack face, eolar plexus, liba. groin, knee joint*, etc.
o Boot Edgr IM in flifir nnd ntomp kicking to attacking face, ribn. aoUr plexua, knec joint. ahina, ankle*, etc.
ST 31 Mi p lleel. IJaeU in iMf. huck and stomp kicking to attack face. unlnr plexu n. nK*. knee joint and anklea.
<j Sok. l.'uijtl primarily in foul blocking techniques.
2. STANCES. In hand-to-hand fighting, balance it of primary importance. An individual who i* oft* balance i * susceptible to at Lack and conversely cannot press the attack when an opening is printed. Stances are the foundation of good balance, and they provide the plutforni from which effective defensive and attacking techniques are executed. Stance* can be organized into three categories: Natural stances, stances facilitating sidewurd movements, snd stances facilitating forward and backward movement*. Since every person hue his own physical characteristics, stances may have to be adapted to fit your stature; however» try to duplicate the stance* ss cloaeJy as possible.
a. Natural Stance. The natural stance is not a direct part of any *pedftc hand-to hand technique. It is used fur practice and developing technical skills. It also teachc* the student how to move from natural po*itions to fighting stances.
Place feet ftut on the ground about shoulder width apart, legs strsight. suns in frunt of you, body relaxed.
b. Straddle Stance, 'lin» m u ntrong «tance fur mdcward movement.
Plant f«H firmly on ground with feet about two ahoulder widthi apart. Toee are pointed forward. Kneee ara bent with alight preneur* exerted outward at the knee*. Hip and lef m cedes ahould be teneed. Kneee ahould be directly over the big toea. Keep back atraivht and weight evenly dia tribu ted. Hands ahould be clenchtd in a fiat Thie atanee reeemblee a rider etzwddKng a horae. The preaaure at the knee« givaa yoo the aideward mobility.
c. Forward Stxwddle Stance. Thin ia a etrong atance for aideward, forward and backward movement and fa uaed in the attack and defense.
Thla ia the aame aa the atraddJe atance with feet tamed about 45*, Feat am placed flat on the ground two ahoalder widthe apart with weight evenly distributed. Both kneee are bant and teneed outward. The front knee ia over the big toe and the rear kneeabout one foot forward of the big toe. The upper body ia straight and ia facing forward towarda opponent (46° from direction of (eat).
0 -1 s*
2 SHOULDERS >
d. Forward Stance. 'llie forward stance is uaed mainly fur attacking forward and blocking uttac:kn from the front.
Feet are placed flulon die ground The front foot is placed two shoulder width» abend of the icar foot. The fiunt foot is pointed straight ahead, the leg bent at the knee with the knee directly over the big toe. The rear foot pointa outward at about 45u, the leg straight. The upper body ia straight and facing forward towards opponent. Approximately 60% of body weight should be on the fiunt kg with 40% supported by the rcur leg.
Back Stance. The back «Unce la u»©d mainly for kicking but ia alao good for moving forward and backwurd.
Feet are plaeed flat on the «round about two shoulder widths apart. The front foot la pointed dir*rtly forwnrd nnd support* about 30% of body weight The rear foot ia pointed outward at a 90" angle, the knee ia bent and aupporta about 70% of body weight. The upper body is ¿taught and facing forward towards opponent Ynq can wove into a forward utanre by merely shifting weight forward to the front leg and slightly moving the rear foot. The opposite ia also true.
3. ALIGNMENT. The angle at which you face your opponent will strengthen your attack or defense. In hand 4>4i and fighting, the three general alignraantaare front, oblique, and aide.
a. Front Used mainly in attacking. Shoulders are parallel to your opponent
b. Obliqut». UimI mainly ui dcf«nut. ShuulduM at* at a 45" angle to your opponent Reduce» tlitf amount uf your body cxjK^ud.
c. Sid*. U*ed in buth th« attack and defense. Shoulder* are at a 90° angle to your opponent. Provides kuat amuunt uf body exposure yet facilitate* attacking technique*
4. MOVING. In hand-to-hand fighting, you will be continuously moving from one stance to another and continuously moving sidewards, bstckwsrds, or forward to amploy effective defensive or attacking techniques. Throughout Lheae movements, It la essential thst you
- maintain your balance»
- shift your weight smoothly, and
- maintain the correct posture.
Th# three basic methods of moving are stepping, sliding, and turning.
a. Stepping. Stepping Is esed to make s relatively large change of position and is used primarily from the front stance, back stance, or strsddle stances.
(I) STEPPING FORWARD FROM THE FORWARD 8TANCE:
Ihe rrnr foot «houM he niiftl only «lightly nhovi» the ground. While moving Uv* foot forward. move it in a slightly curved path toward your forward foot <lo maintain your balance and protect your groin) and then forward to the forward atance position. During the first part of the movement, the forward l*g remained brnt with the foot firmly planted on the ground. Aa the renr foot paaafd the front foot, the rear leg wne extended and the foot turned eo the loea p<iinted outward at about 45".
(2) STEPPING RACK FROM T1IK BACK STANCE:
This movement technique U similar to stepping forward from the front at*nee.
The front foot should be raieedonly slightly above the ground, mo vrd part the rear foot rearward into the hack stance position. The rear toot rtmaina firmly planted on the ground, the knt* remains bent throughout the movement and the foot ie t*med(*othe tote face forward toward your opponent) simultaneously with planting the other foot.
SI 31 JIM
(3) DOUBLE STEPPING:
Double stepping is uaed when you want lo make a large change of position without moving your upper body. It is uaed to prevent your opponent from anticipating your moves. It is used primarily to move forward or sideward.
<11 DOUBLE STEPPING PKOM TIIE FORWARD STANCE:
The tear foot u moved forward to a poaiuon just ahead of the front foot H>t front foot it then moved forward to the forward stance position. Knee* shoo!'1 * I ways reins in bent llips and shoulders should continue to face your opponent thru jshout the move
ST 31 304
(6) DOUBLE STEPPING FROM THE STRADDLE STANCE:
The first fool is brought up even and dose to the other foot. The other foot than moved sideward to the itraddle stance pueition. Feet ara raited only »lightly above the ground, knees ara kept bent, and hip* and shoulder* continue to face your opponent throughout the movement.
b. Sliding. Sliding ia need to cover ahort distance« while in the aame aUnce. It La uaed to move forward, backward, or aide ward from the forward stance, back stance, or straddle aUtncea.
<1) SLIDE FORWARD FROM FORWARD STANCE:
Using the forward tlirustofthe trni^H rcnr lrg,*IUIe the front foot forwnrd nhout one hnlf shoulder width. Allow the rear leg to follow naturally. Keep the SAmesUince throughout the movement.
(2) SLIDE liACKWARD PROM TUR RACK STANCE:
Slid* ihr. front foot hnckwnrd about one-half ahoiilita- width. Ihon aliri* k-iu four backward the Mmi1 di*tr«nr*. Kw»p thp »nmr nOinrr ÜmiURhon» r.hc nuwrarnC MA»-*UT* the renr i* alwny* hi»nt.
(3) SLIDE SIDEWARD FROM STRADDLE STANCE:
Maintain stance and slide one foot abuut one-half shoulder width towards the other foot. Then slide the stationary foot to assume a straddle stance
A combination of sliding and stepping can be used to oovcr greater distances than ia feasible with sliding alone. The atide is completed first, then the stepping movement
From the forward stance, slide forward as shown in 4b(l), then sir H orward as shown in 4a| I / rhe sa me types of movement csn be done from the back - .nee.
c. Turning. Turning is used to move your position and change theo * .(ion in which you are facing, it is accomplished by stepping and pivoting, can be use- V. vhange directions 90* or 1H0^ and can move you closer or farther away from your o* rient.
<1) 90" TURN (CI jOSKK TO OPPONENT) FROM >X)RWARI) STANCE:
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