Kalaripayit

Jujutsu Choke Hold

To be counted a practitioner of Takenouchi-Ryu, a character must know the Choke Hold, Joint Lock and Joint Lock/Throw maneuvers.

Tenjin-Shinyo-Ryu

Also known as Tenshinshinyo-Ryu, this substyle is known for its holds, chokes, and atemi strikes. It does not teach any weapons. It was founded by Iso Mataemon (also known as Yanagi Masatari).

To be counted a practitioner of Tenjin-Shinyo-Ryu, a character must know at least three of the following maneuvers: Atemi Strike, Choke Hold, Joint Lock, Joint Lock/Throw.

Yoshin-Ryu

This is the famous "willow school" of Jujutsu, so called because its founder, the 17th century physician Akiyama Shirobei Yoshitoki of Nagasaki, used the image of a willow as an example for his students: it bends before force, but springs back unharmed, whereas the sturdy oak is knocked over.

To be counted a practitioner of Yoshin-Ryu, a character must know at least three of the following maneuvers: Atemi Strike, Block, Dodge, Joint Lock, Strike.

Kalaripayit (also known as kalari, kalaripayat and kalaripiyat) is a martial art developed in ancient times in southern India. The name means "battlefield practices." There is evidence of its existence as early as the sixth and seventh centuries A.D. Some experts trace its roots to vajra-musti, a style ofboxing/wrestling used by the Brahmin caste.

Training in Kalaripayit encompasses four stages: unarmed fighting (verumkai), which is the basis for all other techniques; stick-fighting techniques (silambam or kolthari); training with other weapons, such as daggers (angathari); and, at its most esoteric level, training in knowledge of the 108 secret vital points of the body (marma-adi) and how to exploit them in battle. (Separate study can also be made of the vital points of the elephant.)

Masters of Kalaripayit, known as gurus, are not only skilled in the fighting aspects of the art, but are usually accomplished healers as well, trained in the Ayurvedic system of native medicine (which is closely related to many of Kalaripayit's fighting techniques). Masters often maintain special training compounds which are also used as places of healing. Training in these compounds usually takes place early in the morning and again right after dusk, and is often shrouded in secrecy. There is some religious significance to these places; there are many ritual practices and devotions surrounding Kalaripayit. The goddess Kali, in her aspect as the goddess of war, is the patroness of Kalaripayit fighters.

Kalaripayit is mainly practiced in the far southern region of India, around the state of Kerala. There are two "variants"—the "northern" style, which centers on the city of Calicut; and the "southern" style, which centers on the cities of Nagercoil and Madras. Although the maneuvers used in each variant are the same, the northern style involves a lot of high jumps and kicks, low, crouching stances and long strides; whereas the cruder-looking southern style involves more circular motion, more solid, higher stances and use of the arms and torso. Linguistic and cultural differences also separate the two substyles. However, both styles require suppleness and agility and involve a lot of leaping and crouching. Fighters of both styles often cover their bodies with oil before fighting, which adds +1 to their Contortionist rolls to escape Grabs.

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