Changs Teaching Method

Chang Chun-Feng's internal arts program included Hsing-I Ch'uan, Pa Kua Chang, Hao style T'ai Chi Ch'uan, Ch'i Kung, and weapons. He had personally spent the most time studying and practicing Pa Kua Chang and thus Pa Kua was his favorite art. The two arts he is best known for are Pa Kua Chang and Hsing-I Ch'uan. Some say that because Chang was primarily a Pa Kua man, his Hsing-I Ch'uan had a Pa Kua flavor. There are those who say that Chang had a strict teaching method whereby beginning...

Change

With these principles in mind the student can examine all Pa Kua Chang movements and explore every level of a technique moving from big to small, small back to big from simple to complex, complex to simple right to left, left to right high to low, low to high inside to outside, outside to inside stillness to movement, movement back to stillness from center to eight directions, eight directions back to the center, etc. The possible variations on one theme become endless. It is through the...

Chang with students The young kids are four of Changs eight children

Chang Chun-Feng's Pa Kua Chang book, it is evident that Chang had a copy of Kao's book with him in Taiwan and allowed Ts'ai Wan-Ch'eng to copy much of it when he wrote Chang's book. A majority of the information is exactly the same. It has been rumored that Kao I-Sheng kept his book private and only showed it to two students, Wu Meng-Hsia and Chang Chun-Feng. While this rumor would make Chang's book appear to be very precious, the fact is that there were obviously other students of Kao's who...

Chang Chun Fengs Books

Around 1954 Chang Chun-Feng privately published two books, one on Hsing-I which was simply called Hsing-I Ch'uan and another on Pa Kua Chang which was called Chou T'ien Shu teaching of the I-Ching . These books were hand written by one of Chang's students, Ts'ai Wan-Ch'eng, who is now over 90 years old. The Pa Kua Chang book lists the names of 41 students who helped him compile the book, the Hsing-I book lists 28 names. While Chang's students had more to do with actually compiling these books...

Huang AHo is third from left behind his son

Hung as being someone who was involved in many fights, both in and out of the martial arts studio. In the mid-1960's Hung I-Hsiang opened up his own school under the name Tang Shou Tao. He states that at that time there were many foreign military personnel studying at the school. Because he had many foreigners, he did not want to call the school Kuo Shu or National Arts as most martial arts schools were called. He said that the name Tang Shou Tao had more of an international flavor. In this new...

This portrait of Kao ISheng which was given to Chang by Chou Chi Chun still hangs in his home

The Federation's founding, a big martial arts demonstration event was held. Chang Chun-Feng demonstrated the power inherent in the internal arts by holding a long staff at one end and breaking it in half with a quick, explosive shaking motion of his body. The audience was stunned at Chang's display of power. Around this same time 1951 , Chang's students sensed that he was lonely and they felt sorry for him being so far away from his home and family in the mainland, so they all chipped in money...

Lo TeHsiu Carrying On the Tradition of Chang Chun Fengs Pa Kua Chang

The information in this article was obtained during interviews conducted with Lo Te-Hsiu in Taipei, Taiwan, in September 1992 and March 1993. Thanks too Lo Te-Hsiu's students Tim Cartmell and Bill Tucker for translating the lengthy interviews. In September of 1992 I was in Taipei, Taiwan, interviewing Huang Po-Nien's son, Huang Kuo-Chen, and Huang Kuo-Chen's son was listening attentively to what his father was saying about his grandfather. I made a comment to Huang Kuo-Chen's son about how...

If you cant take the pain go home and dont practice

Hung Hsiang

Sometime after Hung I-Mien returned to Taiwan he was out one morning exercising. Chang Chun-Feng saw him working out and called him over. Hung had previously watched Chang practicing near the Round Mountain area and thought what he did looked very strange. He said that he could not understand why Chang would walk around in circles or why he would stand for long periods of time holding one posture, move one step, then hold another posture. It was very different than anything he had seen before....

Los Approach to Teaching Pa Kua Chang

Kua Movements

Ever since Robert Smith returned from Taiwan to write about the internal family of martial arts he observed and studied while he was living there, many American martial artist have dreamed about traveling to China to study. Some have made the trip to China and, after studying for several years, returned to the United States to open up schools and teach what they learned. Others have made numerous short trips to China to study for a few months at a time and bring back the knowledge they gained...

Chang demonstrates piercing palm

A hard piece of bread steamed bun down, sat on top of it, and began to meditate. After a while his wife got impatient and made a noise. Chang opened the door and saw her. She said, Why did you sit on top of that piece of bread He said that he was practicing his Lung Men Ch'i Kung4. Because she was so curious and had seen him practicing, he began to teach her his ch'i kung. Chang's Lung Men Ch'i Kung came from Yin Fu's lineage. Chang had portraits of Kao I-Sheng and Yin Fu hanging in his home....

Chang Chun Fengs wife Hsu Pao Mei in 1992

Kuan Tao Taiwan

In taking that one package of medicine she says, He lost half his life. The day after Chang had mentioned his condition to his old friend, the friend showed up with a pack of powdered medicine. Chang took the medicine at once and that night in class became too ill to teach. He asked his wife to teach the class and he went to lay down to get some rest. After his wife finished teaching the class she went to check up on him. He had vomited and looked very sick. He told her that he wanted something...

A young Lo TeHsiu at right won a number of full contact tournaments in Taiwan in the early 1970s

Pakua Points

Other students had also developed different strengths. Lo states that these differences were easiest to see when each individual demonstrated their rendition of the Hou T'ien Pa Kua. Through the process of visiting a wide variety of students who had studied with Chang, Lo was able to get a better feeling for Chang's teaching method. . . . if you do not understand how to look beyond the physical movements, it will be difficult to discover the finer points of the system. Lo's thirst for Pa Kua...

Hung IHsiang

Hsing Drawings

While Hung I-Mien is small, thin, talkative, and very energetic, his younger brother Hung I-Hsiang is exactly the opposite in physical build and character. Hung I-Hsiang is a large man who does not talk much. While I was interviewing Hung I-Mien, he hardly ever sat down, he was always moving and demonstrating. During the interview with Hung I-Hsiang, he sat calmly in his chair the entire time. If Hung I-Hsiang is to be known as the Not-so-little Elephant, Hung I-Mien could be called the...

On Bill Tucker September 1992

Wang Shu Chin

Every explanation ended up with Bill getting hit two or three times. Although Hung was not hurting him, Bill was getting tossed around quite a bit. Hung loves to move to evade an attack, position his body at an optimum angle for counter attack and come in punching. His hands are very fast and skilled. He smoothly and continuously moves through an avoiding, joining, redirecting, and striking sequence with each of the opponent's attacks. After 20 or 30 minutes of asking questions and...

Hung IHsiang early 1970s

Taiwanese Schools The 1970s

Hung I-Mien said that Chang Chun-Feng would train each student a little differently depending on the student's physical characteristics. He obviously hit the mark when training the Hungs. Prior to study with Chang Chun-Feng, Hung I-Hsiang had experience with the Shaolin his family practiced and he also studied Judo during the Japanese occupation of Taiwan during World War II. When the three Hung brothers started their study with Chang the first thing they were...

The Hung Brothers of Taiwan

Hung Brothers

The information in this article was obtained during interviews with Hung I-Mien in September 1992 and March 1993 and with Hung I-Hsiang and his sons Hung Tse-Han and Hung Tse-Pei in March 1993. Thanks to Bill Tucker for translating these interviews. Although Chang Chun-Feng had literally hundreds of students, the two who are probably the best known are two of the Hung brothers, Hung I-Mien and Hung I-Hsiang. In part this is due to the attention they have received in various books, magazines,...

Study Pa Kua Chang in China

We are currently making arrangements to bring a group to Beijing and Tianjin in April 1994 for intensive Pa Kua Chang study. Our tentative plans are to study for eight to ten days in Beijing with one of Li Zi Ming's top disciples and then travel to Tianjin and stay for another eight to ten days studying Kao I-Sheng's Hsien T'ien and Hou T'ien Pa Kua Chang with Liu Shu-Hang and Wang Shu-Sheng. Liu and Wang were students of Kao's student Liu Feng-Ts'ai. This will not be contemporary wushu put on...

By Allen Pittman

Allen Pittman

The method of Pa Kua taught to me by Mr. Hung I-Mien consisted of three sections The Twenty Four Gates, the Post Birth or After Heaven sequence often termed The Sixty-Four , and the Before Heaven sequence, which the readers will recognize as the circle walking Pa Kua. According to Teacher Hung he preferred the term Teacher to Master this was the same sequence he learned from his teacher, Chang Chun-Feng. The readers should note that Chang preferred his students to acquire skill in Hsing-I as a...

Lo TeHsiu far left stands with a group of his classmates from Hung IHsings school who were all victorious in their

2 - Tucker begins to punch, Lo moves to block. 3 - Lo controls Tucker's elbow with left hand. 4 - Lo brings right hand up in a circular arc. 5 - Lo pierces with right hand while controlling Tucker's elbow with his left. 9 - Lo continues to control Tucker by his right arm and throws a forearm strike to Tucker's face with his left. 6 - Lo continues the circular motion with the strikiing hand, striking downward. 10 - Lo turns his body to set up for a throw. 8 - As his arms continues its circular...

A picture frame in Changs home holds a number of photos of Chang practicing Pa Kua Chang and posing with groups of

Self Defence The Tower Power

Chang's wife said that he would prepare students who wanted to become teachers in a special way. In comparing the internal arts learning process to the educational system, Chang's student Hung I-Mien says that Hsing-I is like middle school, Pa Kua is like high school, and T'ai Chi is like college. His brother Hung I-Hsiang feels the same way. Hung I-Hsiang stated that if the student starts out in T'ai Chi it is very difficult to develop and understand internal power. He suggests that...

Pa Kua Chang Related Periodicals

Qi The Journal of Traditional Eastern Health and Fitness Insight Graphics, Inc., P.O. Box 221343, Chantilly, VA 22022 - Steve Rhodes and his crew at Insight Graphics continue to provide readers with interesting information relating to all aspects of Traditional Eastern health and fitness. The magazine is produced in a very high quality format. Journal of Asian Martial Arts 821 West 24th Street, Erie, PA 16502 - This is a high quality publication which provides well researched articles in a...

By Marcus Brinkman

A metaphor used to symbolically indicate the way in which I intention should coalese with Ching essense as one attempts to begin the process of cultivating Ch'i goes like this. . . . . . . If one were to attach a single strand of silk to a small pebble and then proceed to move the pebble along without breaking the delicate fiber, success would require an even and unhurried pull, like a prolonged fine breath . . . An anxious or sharp tug would easily cause the strand to snap . . . In one...

Ask Kang KoWu

During my recent trip to Beijing I had a meeting with Professor K'ang Ko-Wu and he made a very generous offer to the readers of the Pa Kua Chang Journal. He said that he would be willing to write a regular column in the Journal whereby readers could write and ask him questions about Chinese martial arts history, personalities, or lineages and he would answer the questions in his column. Those of you who read the serial article on the origins of Pa Kua Chang will remember that Professor K'ang...

Chang Chun Feng His Life and Teaching

Chang Chun Feng

The information in this article was obtained during interviews with Chang Chun-Feng's wife Hsu Pao-Mei in September, 1992, Chang's students Hung I-Mien and Hung I-Hsiang September 1992 and March 1993 , and a feature article on Chang Chun-Feng written in the 35th issue of Li Yu Mei Magazine. Special thanks to Bill Tucker for translating the interviews and the magazine article. The farther the transmission of an art form travels in both distance and time from its origin, the greater the...