A young Lo TeHsiu at right won a number of full contact tournaments in Taiwan in the early 1970s

other students had also developed different strengths. Lo states that these differences were easiest to see when each individual demonstrated their rendition of the Hou T'ien Pa Kua. Through the process of visiting a wide variety of students who had studied with Chang, Lo was able to get a better feeling for Chang's teaching method.

. . . if you do not understand how to look beyond the physical movements, it will be difficult to discover the finer points of the system.

Lo's thirst for Pa Kua knowledge did not stop with the Pa Kua of Chang Chun-Feng. If he heard about anyone on the island of Taiwan teaching Pa Kua, he would go visit with them and ask questions. He also bought all of the books he could find on Pa Kua and devoured them. Looking at the condition of some of the books in Lo's library it is evident that he must have read through them hundreds of times. Lo states that by the mid-70's he had had experience fighting in tournaments and had practiced the rough outline of the art, however, after three or four years of this training he wanted to understand more about the finer details. Lo stated that it is fairly easy to learn and copy movements, however, if you do not understand how to look beyond the physical movements, it will be difficult to discover the finer points of the system. By studying books and asking questions of Pa Kua Chang practitioners from various lineages and

Pakua Points

backgrounds, Lo was able to gain a better understanding of the art's finer points and broaden his knowledge of the system as a whole.

In 1977 Lo went into the Navy. He said that while serving his tour of duty in the Navy his job allowed him plenty of free time and he filled that time with Pa Kua Chang practice. It was also during his military stint that he met his second formal Pa Kua Chang teacher Liu Ch'ien. Liu Ch'ien had been an early student of Sun Hsi-Kun and was living in Kao Hsiung when Lo met him. Liu and Sun Hsi-Kun were also together later in Sun's life as Sun died in Kao Hsiung. Lo studied with Liu every weekend for two years. Because Liu was 90 years old when Lo met him, he did not study the forms from Liu, but instead Liu watched the Pa Kua that Lo was already practicing and helped him fill in the details and understand the concepts. Lo states that the most important thing he learned from Liu was how to look at the concepts and principles of the Pa Kua and see how everything fits together in forming the whole system. Liu filled in the missing pieces. Lo states that this knowledge has helped him tremendously in designing training programs for his students.

Lo returned to Taipei after leaving the Navy in 1980 and shared what he had learned from his teacher in Kao Hsiung with some of his old classmates from Hung's school. After his military tour of duty Lo did not continue to study on a regular basis at Hung's school, however he did stay in contact with Hung. In 1983 when the BBC filmed a special documentary, "Way of the Warrior," on Hung I-Hsiang and his school, Lo Te-Hsiu was the person Hung chose to demonstrate Pa Kua Chang in the film.

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