Anatomy of the Sword

The student must become familiar with all aspects of the sword, its construction, the material and the components.

The first thing the student must learn is that there are two edges to the sword. The "true" edge and the "false" edge. The true edge is the edge that is facing and which will strike your opponent. The false edge is facing you. If the sword is flipped, the false edge will now become the "true" edge and the true edge becomes the "false" edge.

The figure below illustrates the components that make up a sword. What is not seen is the "tang". That is the narrowed portion of the blade, on which the grip is attached. The pommel keeps the hilt assembly in place.

The best defense is in the forte (strong) area of the sword, near your guard. This is the area of the sword that you will parry with. The least defensive area for parrying is the foible (weak). The opponent will have more control over your weapon when parried in this area. The guard can also be used to disarm your opponent and pommel can also be offensive by striking your opponent.

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