How to Practice Single Palm Change

Conter Attack Martial Arts

Single Palm Change is an exclusive invention of the Pa Kua Family. I have often heard from people who practice our style that the circle can defend an enemy's thousand pound force with a mere two-ounce resistance. When I learned T'ai Chi Ch'uan as a youth, my master told me so. Yet when I asked him why is a circle so effective that it can encounter a thousand pounds with merely two ounces, the master failed to explain. Many other T'ai Chi experts did not have a satisfactory answer either....

Coiling Waist Palm

Pushing Palm Wushu

The bending action shown in the exercises above will not only serve to increase flexibility in the waist and hips, but will also increase resiliancy and add a springiness or liveliness to the hip and waist movement. In Fu style Pa Kua Chang a strong waist which has a springy and resilent quality is developed in order to produce rippling power in all palm techniques. One of the signature palm techniques of the Fu style is the Coiling Waist Palm. This technique is demonstrated on the next page by...

Fu Style Pa Kua Chang Instructor Bow Sim Mark

Knife Attack Pennsylvania School

The information in this article was obtained during an interview with Bow Sim Mark conducted in May 1992 at her school in Boston, MA. Bow Sim Mark is probably the most accomplished of all the Fu Style martial artists still actively teaching today. All of the various styles that Fu Chen-Sung taught were passed along to his son Fu Yung-Hui, and his son in turn passed these skills along to his top student Bow Sim Mark. Mark spent over 10 years training with her teacher and during this period,...

Chinese Character Index

The couplets of Pa Kua Pushing Hands The Dragon Shaped Pa Kua Pushing Hands come from Pa Kua. One moves to the four corners and eight sides. One thoroughly apprehends straight and slanted. One clearly understands all the components - hand and eye coordination, body and stepping techniques. One's raising, lowering, and liveliness resemble a swimming There are twisting and crossing movements within all of the circular motions. After practicing for a time, one can exert force coming from one's...

Fu Chen Sung practicing his Dragon Style Pa Kua Chang

Bow Sim Mark

Still another version of the story reports that Fu confronted the mob and requested to speak to the group's leader. Fu challenged their leader to pick 20 men who were skilled in martial arts and he would fight them all. Amused by this bold youth, the head bandit accepted Fu's challenge and agreed to withdraw his men if Fu won the fight. Twenty bandits were chosen and the fight began. The author of this story has Fu dashing like a tiger and darting like a hornet among his opponents. Fu used...

Martial Arts

Bow Sim Mark And Her Son

Fu Chen-Sung's top disciple was his eldest son, Fu Yung-Hui Fu Wing-Fai in Cantonese . Born in 1907, Fu Yung-Hui began his training with martial arts basics at the age of 4. This training did not focus on martial arts forms, but simple exercises designed to strengthen the body and increase flexibility. Fu Chen-Sung did not start teaching his son martial arts fully until he turned 7. Fu was very strict with his son when in came to practicing martial arts. A mistake in practice was often...

Fu Zhong Wen is on his right front row

Broadsword

Tiger, was known for oppressing the inhabitants of the town. Thinking he could easily bully a young boy, Yen decided to pick on Fu Chen-Sung and attacked him on the street. Fu used White Crane Spreads Its Wings from T'ai Chi to deflect the blow and used Pa Kua's Double Striking Palms to counter-attack. Yen gave out a cry and toppled to the ground. Yen was dissatisfied with the outcome of this brief encounter and refused to admit defeat. He went and got four of his sons together, each armed with...

The Pa Kua Chang of Fu Chen Sung

Krav Maga Knee Shield

Speak to any native of Southern China about Pa Kua Chang and the name Fu Chen-Sung will quickly come up in the conversation. Fu was largely responsible for the introduction of the Northern internal martial arts systems to the Southern Chinese and his dragon like coiling movements, lightning quick footwork, hurricane like spinning maneuvers, and thunderous palm strikes are legendary. Fu Chen-Sung, whose pseudonym was Ch'ien-K'un, was born in 1872 in the County of Hai Ching, District of Me Yang,...

From left to right Mark Siu Yin Fu Yung Hui and Bow Sim Mark

Hsing Post Striking Training

Spent the most time with were Wu Tang Sword instructor General Li Jing-Lin, and Pa Chi and Spear instructor Li Shu-Wen God Spear Li . Additionally, Fu was able to study T'ai Chi Ch'uan with Yang Ch'eng-Fu see photo on page 4 of this issue . Fu Yung-Hui was already teaching at Chung Shan University in 1934 at the age of 27. When his father died in 1953, he took on the responsibility of propagating Fu Style T'ai Chi Ch'uan and Pa Kua Chang. In addition to instructing many new students, Fu...

Bow Sim Mark practicing with her sister in 1981

Bow Sim Mark

Since arriving in the United States, Mark has continued to study with her teacher Fu Yung-Hui during periodic trips back to China. Her first return trip to China was in 1981 for an International Wushu Competition. After the competition, she spent four months studying at the Beijing Physical Culture Institute. During this trip she met the renowned martial artist Li Tian-Ji see Volume 2, Number 4, page 13 and spent time studying with him to improve her Combined T'ai Chi Ch'uan and Wu Tang sword...

Waist Bending

Raise both arms overhead with the fingers interlocked and the palms facing upward see photo at left . 2. Bend forward and touch the palms to the floor see photo below . 3. Separate the hands, grasp the legs, and touch the face to the lower legs not shown . 4. Return to an upright position and repeat the exercise. 2. Keeping the lower body fixed, turn the upper body to the right not shown . 3. Bend down and touch the palms to the floor at the left side see photo...

A young Fu Chen Sung holds a stone ball which was used in various training exercises

Kung Stone Ball Training

Fu Chen-Sung's first T'ai Chi influence was the Chen style he had studied as a youth in Ma Po Village. Later he was influenced by his friends Sun Lu-Tang who had studied the Hao style T'ai Chi and then created the Sun style and Yang Ch'eng-Fu third generation Yang stylist . In creating his own style of T'ai Chi Ch'uan, Fu incorporated elements of the T'ai Chi he had previously studied, but also added some movements and movement sequences that he felt the other style were missing. One such...

Bow Sim Mark and her daughter Chi Ching Yen with Fu Yung Hui in China 1984

Marks states, Superior position in Pa Kua boxing becomes possible because every movement is open to the utmost - most relaxed or tight, twisting and stretching to the maximum, reaching to the limit to focus and generate strength. Liang-I Ch'uan synthesizes the principles of T'ai Chi and Pa Kua in one combined form. Students of T'ai Chi who are interested in Pa Kua Chang would study Liang-I to begin to explore some of the Pa Kua Chang characteristic movements and thus Liang-I...

Pa Kua Chang Instructor Fu Chen Sung 18721953

Emperor Kuang Hsu

Feng-Ming to accept him as a formal disciple. Fu's desire was to become a professional martial artist. After studying with Chia for a number of years, Fu went to Beijing to continue his study of Pa Kua Chang. Fu was 17 years old at the time. Some say that in Beijing he studied with Ma Kuei, others say that he studied with Ch'eng T'ing-Hua. Ma Kuei was a student of Yin Fu who, after studying with Yin, had also spent a short time studying with Tung Hai-Ch'uan. Ch'eng was one of Tung Hai-Ch'uan's...

Single Palm Change

Johnny Kwong Ming Lee was a Pa Kua Chang student of Sun Pao-Kung. Mr. Lee's background was outlined in detail in Volume 1, Number 3 of the Pa Kua Chang Newsletter and thus will not be repeated here. Johnny Lee has just recently finished writing a book on Fu Chen-Sung's Dragon Style Pa Kua Chang. If it is not already available for sale, it will be shortly. Those readers interested in purchasing Lee's book can write to him at the address shown on the back page of the newsletter. The following...

Bow Sim Mark practicing with Li TianJi in 1981

Bow Sim Mark

Chinese Philosophy, T'ai Chi is a dynamic interplay of Yin and Yang represented by the well known T'ai Chi diagram. This interplay of Yin and Yang T'ai Chi springs forth from complete emptiness or the void Wu Chi . From the T'ai Chi, Yin and Yang divide and are represented symbolically as separate elements by the Liang-I two symbols . The Yang-I is represented by a continuous straight line and the Yin-I is represented by a broken line. The Ssu-Hsiang four figures are formed by combining the...

Johnny Kwong Ming Lee demonstrates an application

Pushing Hands

Of the body and mind to produce an awesome, yet graceful, result. The following is Johnny Lee's description of a single change palm self-defense application As the attacker hits me with his right, I drill my right palm up on the outside of his arm photo 1 above . Immediately, I thrust my left palm upward under my right arm so the left palm will keep his right hand at bay photo 2 and free my right palm to strike my opponent. If he blocks my right palm with his left hand, I will catch his left...

By Johnny Kwong Ming

Golgi Tendon Organ

Traditionally in China, Pa Kua has been explained in terms of Chinese philosophy. For instance, Sun Lu-T'ang used the I Ching to interpret his art in his book Pa Kua Ch'uan Hsueh However, this kind of presentation is hard to understand it takes years of training before the meaning becomes clear. It is especially difficult for the western reader because it sounds to mystical. To make Pa Kua more accessible, we can also explain it using mechanical laws and modern language. Before we proceed along...

Bow Sim Mark helps her sister Mark Siu Yin stretch during a training session in Canton China

Klysler Yen

Performed with the classical opera company of the Miramar Hotel in Hong Kong. She came to Hong Kong with a college degree in soprano singing and her husband, Mr. Klysler Yen was a violinist with the Canton orchestra. Mark, who still loves to sing, states that through training in the internal martial arts, one can facilitate vocal training and prolong a career as a vocalist. Because of her martial arts practice, Mark can sing very difficult songs and operas with a full and rich voice without...

By Gary Stier OMD

In this colum Oriental Medical Doctor Gary Stier lends advice on how to beat the summer heat through use of food and herbs. We plan to make this a continuing column which will cover food and herb useage through the changing seasons. Now that the Summer season is fully upon us, we are reminded once again of the need to prevent overheating and the excessive loss of body fluids. This is especially important for those who regularly practice Pa Kua Chang or other internal arts like T'ai Chi,...