The Yang Shao Hou Small Frame Today

Unfortunately, because Yang Shao Hou only taught this form to a handful of disciples. There are very few people who know this form and practice it. Like Yang Tai Chi Long Boxing, this form was an advanced form taught only after the large form was learnt. And due to the rapid spreading of the art, only the closed door disciples and early students got to learn these advanced forms. This was due primarily to the lack of time on the part of the Yang masters since their travelling tours only...

Push Hands Tui Shou and Sparring Hands San Shou

In Taijiquan, Tui Shou is a practice to achieve several major goals (1) Develop sensitivity to your opponent's motion and its origin (2) Develop the abilty to effortlessly redirect your opponent's motion by detecting and utilising the weak vector of his motion (3) Apply and practice a flexible rooting with fixed and moving steps whilst responding to your opponent's strength and motion. Tui shou was also called Rou Shou (soft hands) to emphasize non-resistance. It is not a combat practice. San...

Proper Understanding Of The Term Peng And Its Relation To Tajiquan And Martial Arts

There is a current movement that uses the term Peng to denote Jing and who regard Peng Jing as the core Jing in internal martial arts. This emphasis on Peng Jing did not come into being until the 1963 work by Gu Liu Xin and Shen Jia Ren on Chen style Taijiquan. This emphasis is absent from all works on Taijiquan and internal martial arts prior to that and so it is a new innovation and not a traditional one. Traditionally, in Chen Taijiquan, Chan Si Jing (silk coiling jing) was considered the...

Moving Exercises Dong Gong Xing Gong

These have the same principles as standing except that instead of still standing, the body is in motion but without losing any of the requirements of the standing. Taijiquan's boxing set is an example of such moving internal strength exercises. These can be trained on their own but full benefit is derived from first attaining the necessary attributes from still standing and then transferring them into moving exercises as it is much easier to cultivate them in standing. The physical movements...

Standing Zhan Zhuang

Standing is a fundamental practice in both internal and external martial arts and is an excellent way to build up the pre-requisites of Jing generation. Still standing allows the practitioner to adjust his body so that the centre of mass and hence the weight of the body is efficiently transferred to the ground. This forms the root and so the base for techniques to act from. It allows the body to relax and find its most efficient structure. This adjustments occur within the body and are not...

The Importance Of Breathing

In all internal practices, correct breathing is of paramount importance. It ensures that the body receives an adequate supply of oxygen and sufficient ventilation of carbon dioxide created during respiration. This creates an internal body environment that is suitable for training the mind which takes up much of the oxygen in the body. Deep breathing also massages the internal organs, ensuring that there is smooth flow of blood and lymph through them, this aids in the creation of essence (Jing)....

External Martial Arts And Internal Martial Arts

Does it mean that a martial art that uses Internal Jing is automatically classified as an internal martial art Or that a martial art that uses External Jing is automatically an External martial art It does not. The distinction between the two classes of martial arts has historically always been rather arbitrary but in general its classification is based on the art's approaches to combat. The earliest distinction between the two is recorded in the 'Inscription For Wang Zhen Nan (written in the...

The Place Of Fast Sets In Taijiquan

The main mode of practice in Taijiquan is to do it slowly. This ensures that good fundamentals are built, the Classics themselves exhort us to do the same. None of the sets described in the previous section which contain faster movements is a set that is done first and none of them is the main set in the system. Yang Shao Hou only taught the small frame to those who had achieved a high enough proficiency in the slow form. Yang Cheng Fu and his son Yang Shou Chung only taught Taiji Long Boxing...

Slow Discourse On Push Hands Part I Partial

Push Hands is the way of learning combative methods in Taijiquan, the way to practice defensive skills, but it is not the goal of learning Taijiquan. What is the goal then One is the goal of strengthening the body - ridding illness and adding years one is the goal of combat - sparring hands (two people engaging in combative exchanges without fixed forms). Push Hands is the ingenius method to practice 'understanding energy' (Dong Jing). It is also the ladder connecting form learning to sparring...

The Existance Of Other Frames Of Practice

The Taijiquan Classics state, in Li I Yu's 'Notes on Push Hands and Form Practice' (literally translated 'Walking Frame Hitting Hands Practice Important Words') that 'Daily practice of fthe form is training to know oneself. While moving, first ask yourself if your whole body meets the requirements mentioned here. If not, then immediately correct yourself. To do this you must practice the form slowly, not fast.' (translation taken from 'On Tai Chi Chuan' by TY Pang, 1987, page 169) What Li I Yu...

Historical Background

Before going to Shanghai in the 1925, Yang Cheng Fu taught not only the now well known large frame (also known as the 'Six Routines' since it was normally broken up into six sections and practiced one section at a time when learning and eventually linking all six together to form one long routine) but to his advanced students he also taught a set of Tai Chi Long Boxing. After he went to Shanghai at the invitation of Chen Wei Ming to popularise Tai Chi Chuan, he dropped Tai Chi Long Boxing from...

CThe Solution Part Two Softness overcomes Hardness

In the practice of this principle we must consciously avoid using brute force in attempting to counteract the attacks of our opponent. Mind and body must work in harmony in the correct application of the techniques of defence and counter-attack. The idea is to divert the attacks of our opponent in such a way as to turn his own force against him. This requires the use of one or more of the Eight Powers of Tai Chi Chuan, which are discussed below. Thus, if our opponent tries to punch us in the...

Tai Chi Long Boxing Today

Yang Cheng Fu's Tai Chi Long Boxing is seldom taught today. It is practiced by relatively few Tai Chi Chuan exponents even in China. Only those who trained in the earlier period with Yang Cheng Fu or his close disciples got to learn the form. It was kept quite secret and in Chen Wei Ming's lineage, its sometimes referred to as Tai Chi Kept Boxing (kept or keep in Chinese is pronounced 'chang' which is phonetically the same as the Chinese term for long, so this is a Chinese pun), meaning that it...

The Li I Yu Collection Of Taijiquan Classics

Taiji comes from infinity from it spring yin and yang. In movement the two act independently in stillness they fuse into one. There should be no excess and no insufficiency. You yield at your opponent's slightest pressure and adhere to him at his slightest retreat. To conquer the strong by yielding is termed withdraw (tsou). To improve your position to the detriment of your opponent is called adherence (chan). You respond quickly to a fast action, slowly to a slow action. Although the changes...

The Yang Style Combat Skills

The forms of Yang Tai Chi Chuan are the vehicles in which the combat skills are carried. All the Yang forms have the advanced skills inate in them but each of the different forms and the way that they are done imparts different yet significant aspects to these skills. The basic combat requirements are stability, efficiency, unity of mind and body, sensitivity, controlling the centre, positional advantage and agility. It is from these that the advanced skills develop. Controlling the centre is...

The Four Advanced Yang Taijiquan Combat Skills

There are situations where the skills and principles above require some augmentation to make them even more effective. This is usually where the opponent's skill level is high enough so that an effective counter is not possible using less injurous means. With such situations stronger discouragement is required and to cater for such eventualities, Yang Taijiquan has four advanced combat skills. These four skills can only be learned and applied effectively after one is able to understand each...

Sealing Accupoints

This is also known as 'Hitting Accupoints' and is more commonly known among Chinese martial artists as Dian Xue or 'Dotting Accupoints' because the majority of these kinds of attack make use of the fingertips. Attacking accupoints is by no means unique to Taijiquan but the way it is done is certainly quite unique. Whilst other martial arts often make use of serious conditioning of the anatomical weapons and vigourous body conditioning to develop the strength and resistance required to hit...

Some Taijiquan References

'When the breath is concentrated in the Tan tien, it may bring the vital fluid everwhere. The vital fluid is the well known biotin, which consists of air and other nutrients including dissolved food. According to Taoism, it may sublimated intoe Essence (Jing), Vitality (Qi) and Spirit (Shen), in sequence. That is to say, the physical ingrediants are transformed into psychical beings or energies. When one's body is full of it, one will not only be strong and alove but also attain longevity, even...

Some Records Of Other Speeds Of Taijiquan

From early writings of those who recorded the art of Taijiquan we have some descriptions of how these sets were done. We begin with Gu Liu Xin, a noted Taijiquan historian who was responsible for organising the publication of much of the published material on the different styles of the art during the 1960s. He writes in his introduction to the book 'Yang Shi Taijiquan' (Yang Style Taijiquan) by Fu Zhong Wen in 1963 and also in Yang Zhen Duo's English book the following about how Yang Shao Hou,...

The Combative Elements of Yang Taijiquan

Other than the fact that it's name can be translated as The Supreme Ultimate Fist', Taijiquan has always been noted as a highly effective combat art. It first became widely noted as a combat art when the art was brought to the capital of China, Beijing, by Yang Lu Chan when he taught at the imperial court. Yang was challenged many times but no one ever came close to defeating him. So great was his skill that the martial artists bestowed on him the title 'Yang The Invincible'. More recently Yang...

Yang Style Tai Chi Long Boxing Yang Cheng Fus Advanced

Most people think of Yang Tai Chi Chuan as transmitted by the standardiser of the style Yang Cheng Fu as consisting only of one routine. And that Yang Cheng Fu taught the art only as a health art rather than as a combat one. This is a wrong perception. Yang Cheng Fu viewed his art as a combat art that was also a means of gaining good health. His two books on Tai Chi Chuan all focused on it as a martial art and provided martial explanations for the postures, martial theorems and he taught his...

B The Eight Powers and the Eight Trigrams

All genuine martial arts contain some method of applying force. This method may be hard or soft in nature and may be applied in attack and defence. It is called 'technique'. Because of the intrinsic relationship between Tai Chi Chuan and Taoist theory the student of Tai Chi Chuan must not only train technique, but, before he can apply technique properly, he must also understand the underlying theory which governs its use. The Tai Chi Chuan method of applying force is called Pa Peng which can...

Point Focus In Jing Generation

An example of point focus using the An (Push) posture Taijiquan technique is manifestation of having qi in your meridians powering the musculature. Qi is what gives the musculature the tenacity or tonus to manifest the technique using the bones as a base (at least according to the chinese). The qi would travel through the meridians originating at Yung Chuan (Bubbling Well, K1, wonder why its called that, now you know) causing the musculature to be qi-filled to exhibit tenacity directed to a...

Using The Mind Instead Of Force

Among the people who practise taijiquan, it is quite common to hear this comment That is entirely using the mind, not force. In practising taijiquan, the whole body is relaxed, and there is not an iota of stiff or clumsy strength in the veins or joints to hinder the movement of the body. People may ask How can one increase his strength without exercising force According to taditional Chinese medicine, there is in the human body a system of pathways called jingluo (or meridian) which link the...

The Importance Of Yi And Chi In Tai Chi Chuan

Yi (mind) and chi (breath) are found inside the human body without form or colour. The eyes are unable to view but the chi has a very important role. Our bodies are full of chi circulating and cultivating the body. The chi is formed with fire from the 'ming men'. The fire refines the 'jieng' to become chi. The Taoists describe it as 'water and fire already present or the 'nei dan'. It is stored in the area of the dan tien. The Taoists value chi very much. Usually, people think the blood is the...

This sickness must be sought in the waist and leg

In Tai Chi Chuan we have total body movement rather than localised or uncoordinated movement. All parts of the body should therefore start and finish a technique together. Again these skills can be trained in certain Pushing Hands drills. In Pushing Hands drills there should be complementary body movement if your partner goes forward you go back and vice versa. Therefore in techniques such as Brush Knee Twist Step, the weight goes forward as the striking pushing hand is extended while the...

Internal Strength

In ancient times, Internal Strength Nei Kung was the first thing which a student of Tai Chi Chuan would be taught. IT provided a strong foundation on which to build the rest of the art. However, as teachers began depend on Tai Chi Chuan for a living and had to teach more students, Internal Strength was only taught to students of good character. It takes time to assess students so nowadays students will normally be taught the hand form and some pushing hands first. Internal Strength is the most...