Self Defence Martial Arts

Uke with his left hand, thumb on top, holds Tori's right wrist.

Tori contracts his fist and turns it downwards so that the

Judo Fighting Moves Step Step

base of his thumb is exactly in front of the space provided between Uke's fingers below and his thumb above.

Then Tori, his right arm bent at a right-angle and his muscles taut, acts just as if he wanted to give a blow with

base of his thumb is exactly in front of the space provided between Uke's fingers below and his thumb above.

Then Tori, his right arm bent at a right-angle and his muscles taut, acts just as if he wanted to give a blow with his fist a little in front of his own left shoulder, i.e. a hook accompanied by a rotation of his entire upper body to the left. Tori's right wrist is very easily extricated by its radial or thumb edge, if he acts quickly, his muscles well contracted and his entire body participating in the movement.

Wrist Release Self Defense
Fig. 9

Remark: Practise this parry with your left as well as your right wrist.

Disengagement from a Wrist-Hold Taken Diagonally: (Fig. 8).

Uke, with his right hand, thumb on top, holds Tori's right wrist. Tori, as before, contracts his fist, and turns it this time upwards so that the radial or thumb edge of his wrist comes in front of the gap between, on the one hand, the fingers and on the other, the thumb of Uke.

Then Tori thrusts the palm of his left hand so that it

Martial Art Self Defence Chart
Fig. 10

strikes and simultaneously seizes the base of Uke's right wrist.

He accompanies this movement with a rotation of his entire upper body to his right, and his right hand, taking advantage at one and the same time of the thrust of his left hand and the shock of this against Uke's wrist, frees itself.

Remark: There is here transmission of kinetic energy as when a billiard ball knocks against another which is in contact with a third. It is the last which is then put in motion by availing itself of the impulse communicated by this impact, while the second ball remains motionless.

Attack Diagram Martial Art
Fig. 11

First Disengagement from a Two-Handed Wrist-Hold: (Fig- 9).

Uke holds Tori's right wrist with both hands, the thumbs above. He is halfway from Tori, i.e. not in close contact with him.

Tori passes his left arm between Uke's forearms and grasps his own right fist, the palm of his left hand covering the fingers of his right hand. The thumb edge of Tori's right wrist is directed upwards.

Tori then disengages his wrist by pivoting to his left with a movement similar to that described in the disengagement of a wrist-hold from the front but directed more upwards, and both his arms participating in the action.

Tai Chi Form
Fig. 12

Second Disengagement from a Two-Handed Wrist-Hold: (Fig. 10).

The same wrist-hold as the preceding one but this time Uke stands closer to Tori.

Tori turns his wrist so as to direct the little finger edge upwards. His left hand from the outside covers his right fist.

Then Tori steps well forward with his right foot, and pushes strongly with his right shoulder against Uke's chest, reinforcing the action with a movement of his entire upper

Judo Defenses Against Boxer

First Disengagement of Both Hands : (Fig. i1).

Uke holds Tori's wrists, his palms on the back surface, his sides on their little finger edge.

Tori places his hands in such a position that his thumbs are widely separated from his fingers which remain close together.

Then he steps back and raises his arms upwards and slightly outwards and with them those of Uke. Tori's thumbs press on the thumb edge of Uke's wrists, with his fingers on both sides of their little finger edge.

Tori finishes with the armlock previously described in the Parry to a Strangulation with one Hand.

Remark: Tori must not try to lift Uke's arms forcibly but should step backwards so as to unbalance Uke forward.

Second Disengagement of Both Hands: (Fig. 12).

The same hold as the preceding one.

Tori, suddenly contracting his arms, seizes Uke's right wrist with his right hand, the thumb on the thumb edge.

Then he pivots with a half-turn to the right which compels Uke to relax his wrist-hold, and Tori pulls Uke's right arm forward and a little downwards.

At the same time he flexes his right knee and with his left leg bars transversely Uke's legs, whilst his left arm bent blocks Uke's right arm as though for a shoulder throw but with the elbow-joint being here kept in the opposite direction.

Tori finishes by drawing Uke's wrist downwards with his right hand. If Tori follows up this hold he can dislocate Uke's elbow.

In this case the technique is called a parry instead of a disengagement for reasons which appear below.

The same hold as the preceding one.

Tori, instead of trying directly to disengage his wrists, seems on the contrary to encourage Uke's hold by placing his fists downwards.

Tori then forcibly brings his hands sideways and backwards which action unbalances Uke forward against him, when Tori delivers a smashing atemi with his knee to Uke's lower abdomen and can couple this with another with his forehead to Uke's face I All in all a truly convincing argument against an importunate interloper!

PARRIES TO LATERAL ATTACKS

Parry to a Sleeve-Hold from the Side: (Fig. 14).

Uke with his right hand seizes Tori's left sleeve from behind at the level of the elbow.

Karate Forearm Conditioning

Tori winds his left forearm groove-wise under Uke's right forearm. His left elbow remains pressed against his hip. His wrist is placed in the hollow of Uke's elbow and the palm of his left hand covers the ligaments of the triceps on the olecranon or bone which forms the prominence of the elbow.

Tori's right forearm symmetrically completes the blockage

Self Defense Knee Attacks
Fig. 15

of (Uke's) elbow and the palm of his right hand equally presses on the elbow-bone.

Tori strongly contracts his abdominals and presses downwards with both his hands on Uke's elbow. Tori's elbows should remain against his abdomen. This is the armlock des cribed in the same author's My Method of Judo but against Uke's left elbow. Tori finishes the movement with a crushing atemi with his knee against Uke's face.

If Uke tries to dodge by pivoting to his left Tori bars Uke's legs in front with his left leg. His elbow presses wedge-wise on Uke's right shoulder-blade. Tori's left flank and Uke's right flank are against each other. The efficacy of this

Martial Arts Armlock
Fig. 16

lock depends less upon the forcing of Uke's elbow-joint in the opposite direction than upon the twisting of the ligaments.

Remark: This armlock can be frequently applied in self-defence.

Uke has succeeded in completely enfolding Tori's neck with his right arm and both his hands are joined. Tori's left foot is behind Uke's feet and his left arm behind Uke's back.

Tori flexes his legs and follows the downward movement which Uke has imposed on him. But at the same time he turns to the left and delivers an atemi with his right fist to Uke's lower abdomen. This atemi is given with the knuckle of the first and second phalanges of the middle finger.

Then Tori lets himself go to the ground on his right side and hurls Uke from behind him over his left shoulder in what in judo is known as a sacrifice or an abandonment throw (sutemi).

Second Parry to Head-Hold: (Fig. 16).

The same attack as before.

Tori flexes his legs placed transversely to Uke's right side, his abdomen against Uke's right side, and bends to the right.

He passes his right forearm between the legs of Uke who is thus astride of the hollow of Tori's right elbow. Tori's left arm encircles Uke's right arm, passes over his shoulder, and his left hand presses against Uke's face, especially his nose.

Tori then stands upright and swings Uke so as to throw him on to his back, or even on his nape—a fall which can be mortal.

PARRIES TO REAR ATTACKS

Parry to Blockage of the Arms from Behind: (Fig. 17).

Uke is behind Tori and with both arms pins his arms at the level of his elbows. Tori pushes his elbows one against the other as far as

Self Defense Between Legs
Fig. 17 3i

possible behind his back and bends forward. He lifts first one elbow, say the right which he disengages, and then the left.

He then seizes with his right hand between his feet Uke's right ankle which he pulls forward and upwards. Uke falls backwards on to his back.

Titten Wind
Fig. 18

Tori bends his legs to ensure the hold and with an abrupt movement of his left wrist presses on Uke's toes which he twists forward.

Remark: Tori can also deliver an atemi with his left heel to Uke's lower abdomen.

Uke attacks Tori as before, but this time he passes his arms under Tori's which therefore remain free.

In whatever way Uke's hands clasp Tori's waist one of his thumbs will always be uppermost, say the left.

Fig. 19

In that case Tori with his left hand blocks Uke's left wrist against himself.

His right hand forces Uke's thumb in a direction opposite to its articulation. For this purpose Tori's thumb and fingers exercise a pincer movement on the knuckles of the first and second phalanges of Uke's thumb.

Another Parry to Rear Waist-Hold: (Fig. 19). Exactly the same attack as the preceding one. Tori, with the point of the joint of the first and second phalanges of his middle finger (of his left hand), applies a spiral movement to the middle of the back of Uke's left hand

Old School Graffiti Alphabet Letters
Fig. 20

between the extensor ligaments of the middle and third fingers.

The pain thus caused compels Uke to relinquish the grip with his hand. Tori then with his right hand takes hold of Uke's thumb which he forces upwards, and with his left hand seizes the little finger edge of Uke's left hand which is thus obliged to let go its hold. Tori then pivots with a half-turn to the left and finishes with the grip of Uke's wrist and hand shown in the diagram. Risk of dislocation of the wrist will force Uke to surrender.

Parry to a Rear Hold of the Shoulders under the Armpits: (Fig. 20).

Uke from behind Tori passes his arms under Tori's armpits and then upwards until his hands are linked behind Uke's nape.to force his head forward in the hold known in wrestling as the full-nelson.

Tori stiffens his nape, lowers his elbows towards his body, bends the upper part of his body forward and places himself to Uke's right.

He then places his left leg behind Uke's legs to block them and his hands, from either side, seize the hollows of Uke's knees from behind.

Tori then raises Uke's legs. Uke's hold is broken and he is swung backwards to the ground, as indicated in the diagram.

DEFENCES AGAINST BLOWS WITH THE FIST

It is not necessary here to quote in extenso the author's preliminary instructions on stance clearly addressed to a public ignorant of boxing. For English readers much of this advice may be dispensed with since with rare exceptions our male

Martial Arts Left Stance Diagram

defences against blows with the fist $7

population from adolescence upwards is familiar with the elementary principles of the "noble art". Also considerations of space preclude the possibility of giving more than a limited selection of the many methods described in the French edition.

A sound maxim for the tyro is "never box against a boxer

Fig. 22

and always turn in a direction opposite to his guard". Again, always try to keep beyond his reach as measured by the span of his direct left lead. Never let yourself come midway or close up body to body. The three following simple exercises are recommended as an excellent training in defence against a boxer, as also in defence generally. (Fig. 21.)

Tori places himself at an arm's length from Uke and should not move his feet.

Uke describes at a sustained rate but unequally rapid, large circles with his extended arms, right or left, palm open, as though to slap Tori.

Self Defense Guide
Fig. 23

The latter should each time bend backwards protruding his loins without displacing his feet in order to dodge.

Defence by Atemi with the Foot: (Fig. 22). Uke attacks Tori with a direct hit or left swing. Tori bends slightly backwards, blocks the attack with his raised right forearm and delivers an atemi with his right or left foot to Uke's lower abdomen. He can equally strike Uke's left knee which advances to accompany his left lead.

This atemi should be given with the plantar surface of the extremity of the first metatarsal, that of the big toe (the process of insertion of the sesamoids or small bones found

Koken Uke And Counter Strike

at the joints of the toes) and Tori ought first to lift his knee, the heel against the buttocks, and only afterwards deliver the atemi very swiftly and immediately bring his foot back against his thigh, knee bent, and place it on the ground. Tori must never give the kick with his leg left stretched.

Remark: This atemi forms a preliminary counter which, even if it is not decisive, should prevent the boxer from approaching midway. It prepares the way for the counterattack and as soon as Tori sees an opening he must go in with one of the holds which follow. That is why the defences

Fig. 25

against blows are always clearly defined in relation to attacks at distance, direct hit or swing. At a shorter range it is Tori who must immediately assume the initiative of attack either with an atemi or by forestalling the attack.

Defence with an Arm Throw against Boxer: (Fig. 23).

Left lead attack by Uke.

Tori blocks from the outside Uke's left arm with his own left arm in front of his body, his elbow bent at a right-angle. He pushes Uke's arm towards his left and with his right foot takes a big step forward which brings him against Uke's left flank.

Tori has bent his legs. His left cheek is pressed against Uke's left hip. His arms from either side embrace Uke's thighs and his hands seize the popliteal hollows of Uke's knees.

At this moment and following the resistance and the unbalancing of Uke, Tori throws the latter backwards or swings him over his left shoulder, as illustrated in the diagram.

Defence by Armlock from the Side: (Fig. 24).

Uke attacks with a straight left.

Tori dodges to the outside and with his left hand blocks Uke's fist or wrist. Then with the edge of his right hand he delivers an atemi to Uke's left elbow on the ligaments of the triceps at the olecranon or elbow bone.

Then Tori places his right leg in front of Uke to prevent him from dodging forward and finishes with an armlock, as shown in the diagram.

Remark: This parry becomes really efficacious only in the wake of long training which is useful in order to learn how to take one's stand and to develop the reflexes for the parries to all sorts of attacks.

Defence by Strangulation: (Fig. 25).

Tori and Uke are midway from each other with Tori on Uke's right. With his left hand Tori grasps the outer surface of Uke's right sleeve which he pulls in front of him to the right and downwards. He passes his right arm over Uke's right arm and in front of Uke's neck to the point of bringing his right hand on Uke's left collar-bone.

At this moment only Tori's left hand releases Uke's right sleeve and passes behind Uke's back to seize his other hand in the so-called fundamental hold, previously explained (see illustration) in which the fingers of either hands are dug into the palm of the other in the style used by catch-as-catch-can wrestlers when applying the nelson holds to an opponent's neck. Tori's right cheek presses against Uke's left ear and the strangulation is effected as shown in the diagram. On no account must the fingers be intersected.

Tori passes the sole of his left foot into the hollow of the left knee of Uke whom he can then drag to the ground to render him completely helpless.

DEFENCES AGAINST KICKS AND BLOWS WITH THE KNEE AND HEAD

Defences against kicks can be summarized as follows: Dodging (backward movement or side-step), blockage and seizure of attacking foot, throw and/or atemi, one preceding

Diagrams Martial Kicks
Fig. 26 43

or following the other. To the defences against kicks are added some parries to blows with the knee and head.

First Defence against Kick: (Fig. 26).

Uke aims a kick with his right foot against Tori's lower abdomen. Tori dodges by retreating slightly and hollowing

Knee Kick Self Defence
Fig. 27

his stomach. He blocks Uke's ankle with his wrists crossed in front and held downwards.

His hands then hook Uke's heel and pull his leg upwards with a circular movement to unbalance Uke and throw him on to his back.

Perhaps an even more drastic finale would be, after blockage of Uke's ankle, for Tori to twist Uke's foot inwards thereby throwing him on to his stomach or alternatively to counter immediately with an atemi with his right foot to Uke's testicles.

Testicles Self Defense
Fig. 28

Second Defence against Kick: (Fig. 27).

The same attack as before by Uke.

Tori, instead of dodging by retreating, pivots this time backwards a quarter turn on his left foot and blocks the passage of Uke's leg with his hands, as shown in the diagram. His right hand from below seizes Uke's heel and his left hand from above takes hold of Uke's calf or knee.

Tori pulls Uke's leg upwards to unbalance and throw him backwards. He can also hook Uke's left heel with the sole of his left foot.

Remark: This defence is equally valid, with some modification of detail, against an attack to the flank with a backhanded blow.

Knee Kick Self Defence

Defence against a Blow with the Knee: (Fig. 28).

Uke aims a blow with his right knee against Tori's stomach.

Tori pivots backwards on his right foot. His right hand presses on the face, nose or eyes of Uke and his left forearm winds round from the outside of Uke's knee which he lifts under his left armpit.

Tori then hooks from the inside Uke's left leg (contact of two popliteal hollows) and throws him backwards. Remark: This parry is equally effective against a kick.

Defence against a Head Blow to the Stomach : (Fig. 29). Uke delivers a blow with his head to Tori's stomach.

Knee Kick Self Defence
Fig. 30

Tori places himself slightly slantwise, his right flank forward. He presses both hands swiftly and strongly on Uke's nape and at the same time lifts his right knee with which he delivers an atemi to Uke's face. Uke's head is held pincer-like by this double movement.

Tori can also stand sideways to the right and deliver an atemi to Uke's nape with the edge of his right hand or the point of his right elbow. This combination can easily prove fatal to the victim in a genuine struggle for survival.

Defence against a Head Blow to the Face: (Fig. 30).

Uke places his hand behind Tori's nape. He lowers his head, forehead in front, and suddenly contracts his arm to crush Tori's nose against his forehead. This dangerous and popular attack is called the "ball blow".

Tori must not wait until Uke's hands reach his nape. At the instant of the attack his hands, with the fingers hooked, must overlap Uke's face, under the nose and on the eyes.

Tori pushes Uke violently backwards and ripostes with an atemi with his knee to Uke's lower abdomen.

Remark: This "ball blow" is sometimes completed with a knee blow. Tori should therefore practise the parry described in the Defence against Knee Blows, but the essential thing is that his hands or at least one hand should immediately block Uke's face and push him backwards. For this purpose Tori should arch his fingers like a cat's claws and plant them upwards in Uke's eye sockets. The base of his palm should crush and raise the base of Uke's nose. If this defence comes off then the victim is likely to emerge from the encounter somewhat the worse for wearl vra

DEFENCES AGAINST A STICK

First Defence against a Downward Blow: (Fig. 31).

Uke holding the stick in his right hand plans to deal a blow with it on Tori's skull.

Self Defense Drawings

Tori advances with uplifted arms and crosses his wrists to block the attack. For that purpose it is better that his fists should be clenched.

Tori effects a complete half-turn to the right while keeping hold of Uke's forearm, his legs somewhat bent, his back against the chest and stomach of Uke whose right armpit

Fig. 32

he blocks on his left shoulder. The movement ends in an armlock, Uke's arm on Tori's collar-bone, as illustrated. Tori's right wrist should be crossed over his left. If the position is reversed Tori pivots a half-turn to the left and executes the same armlock by pressing Uke's arm on his right instead of his left shoulder.

Second Defence against a Downward Blow: (Fig. 32). The same attack by Uke.

Tori fends off the attack with his left arm, the forearm held against Uke's raised right arm from the inside, as shown in the illustration. He draws nearer to Uke.

Raised Arm Self Defense

Fig. 33

Tori blocks Uke's right wrist under his left armpit and brings his left forearm underneath Uke's elbow. Then he delivers an atemi with his right knee to Uke's lower abdomen and pushes him backwards with his right hand against Uke's face.

Remark: This parry can also be applied to a lateral attack delivered by Uke from right to left.

Fig. 33

Tori blocks Uke's right wrist under his left armpit and brings his left forearm underneath Uke's elbow. Then he delivers an atemi with his right knee to Uke's lower abdomen and pushes him backwards with his right hand against Uke's face.

Remark: This parry can also be applied to a lateral attack delivered by Uke from right to left.

Defence against a Back-Hand Blow: (Fig. 33).

Uke aims at Tori a lateral blow from left to right at the height of his shoulder.

Tori with his forearms raised and parallel blocks respectively Uke's wrist and triceps.

He then applies the armlock explained in the defence against strangulation with one hand which he can complete by bringing Uke to the ground (see illustration).

Remark: Outside the throws properly speaking, it is always possible to "push" the defence hold so as to bring the assailant to the ground in order to overpower him. It is well to train oneself to do this even when it is not expressly indicated.

DEFENCES AGAINST A KNIFE

There exists a technique of the management of the knife which makes of this weapon a deadly instrument. Before proceeding with the study of methods of defence against it the author calls attention to the most vulnerable spots in the human body and the most dangerous attacks against them l/6rmeats ahd vessels Of THE LATERAL SURFACE of the nee*

HUMERAL AADLlGAMEtfTS Of THE PECTORAL

i/LAMENTS A AD VESSELS Of TH£ AATERIOR SUfifACE or the ¿¿sow wo \nrist

A3 DOME A FEMORAL

safae/ya vein carotid and

EXTERNAL JUCULAR

Defense Against Knife Ads

PAO/AL

N STOMACH

s angular vein ^carot/q artfry c sasclawnn artery heart

PAO/AL

N STOMACH

aca/lles te hdoa-

carotid and

EXTERNAL JUCULAR

aca/lles te hdoa-

Knife Attack Diagram

Fig. 34

POPLITEAL AOUOWS "TT* \)

Fig. 34

which the reader should examine carefully in the diagrams. (Fig- 34?)

Thus to the right of the figures are indicated the spots for attack with the point of the knife, i.e. to stab. These are from the front: The angular artery and vein on each side of the nose; the carotid artery in front and on each side of

Self Defense Diagram
Fig. 35

the neck; the subclavian artery in the hollow of the collarbone (clavicle); the heart; the humeral artery in the hollow of the elbow and under the arm; the radial artery in the wrist; the stomach, the femoral artery in the inguinal hollow, and from the back the renal artery.

To the left are marked places to attack with the edge of the knife, i.e. to cut. They are from the front: The ligaments and vessels of the neck of the àrmpit; of the elbow; and of the wrist; the intestines; the ligaments and internal vessels of the summit of the thigh (the femoral artery and saphena

Femoral Artery Knife Attack
Fig. 36

vein); and from the back: The rear ligaments of the knee and of the heel.

Attacks with the Point of the Blade: (Fig. 35). These are delivered when attacking from behind —to the base of the windpipe

—in the jugular vein and the carotid artery. And from the front —in the subclavian —to the throat —and in the stomach.

Carotid Artery Behind Throat
Fig. 37

Attacks with the Edge of the Blade : (Fig. 36). These are delivered:

From behind, on the jugular vein and the carotid artery; From the front, from each side of the neck, to the hollow of the armpit, to the elbow and to the wrist;

And from the side or from behind, to the leg: ligaments of the knee and the Achilles tendon.

There are many other methods of attack the study of which forms part of "close combat" military training. Therefore this enumeration is far from being exhaustive. But all

Fig. 38

these examples serve only to emphasize that in defence against a knife oftener than in others, it is necessary to control the attack from the very outset, and to block it a split second before the start of the movement.

Defence against a Downward Stab : (Fig. 37).

Uke holds the knife in his right hand. He raises his right hand to deliver a downward thrust against Tori.

Tori steps well forward with his left foot a little to the outside of Uke's right flank. He flexes his knees, the upper part of his body kept upright, and blocks Uke's wrist with his raised left forearm held somewhat obliquely.

Throwing Knife
Fig. 39

Then Tori's right forearm from behind enfolds Uke's right arm and Tori's wrists are placed "groove-wise", the right under the left, on the little finger edge of Uke's wrist. The elbow-joint is thus twisted backwards in a contrary direction and Tori can finish by throwing Uke on to his back.

Remark: To stop the attack Tori can advantageously block

Uke's forearm near the elbow and then ascend up to the wrist. Tori should afterwards tighten his elbows against each other.

Defence against a Back-Hand Stab: (Fig. 38).

Uke holding a knife in his right hand delivers a blow with it at Tori with a lateral movement from left to right at the level of his (Uke's) shoulder.

Tori blocks Uke's triceps with his raised left forearm and takes a big step with his left foot which brings his left shoulder against Uke's right shoulder-blade.

He continues to block Uke's arm forward and delivers an atemi to Uke's eyes with the tips of the fingers of his right hand. The blow must be given inwards with the "cat's claw" position of the fingers previously described.

Remark: Tori can wind up with a lateral armlock, as described in the defence against strangulation with one hand. He should train himself to hold Uke by taking support on the latter's right shoulder-blade and pivoting backwards to the right in proportion to Uke's pushing but without ever losing contact.

Defence against Stab from the Side with Hold on Lapel: (Fig. 39).

Uke with his left hand grasps Tori's right lapel and thus takes support and distance to deal him a knife blow with his right hand.

Tori takes a big and rapid step to the right which brings him cleanly to Uke's left flank. At the same time both his hands block Uke's wrist which they twist on the little finger edge. Tori's right elbow completes this movement by pressing Uke's left elbow downwards.

Tori makes a quarter turn to the left and pulls Uke's arm forward and the inner edge of his left foot strikes Uke's left tibia. Double effect: atemi and disequilibrium. In training without shoes Tori only reaps Uke's leg with the sole of his foot.

Tori can wind up by applying an armlock as he brings Uke to the ground on his stomach.

Remark: This parry can also serve against a simple lapel-hold. On the other hand, if Uke attacks only to the right without seizing Tori's lapel, Tori then blocks the attack with his left forearm and counters with an atemi.

Defence against Threat of Knife Attack : (Fig. 40).

Uke is at a certain distance from Tori and advances on him holding the knife in his right hand.

Tori does not wait for Uke's attack to begin. When Uke is still some distance away Tori distracts his attention by

Fig. 40

throwing in his face some article, e.g. a handkerchief, the contents of a glass, coins, soil, etc., or even only by simulating an attack with raised hand and shouting. The same instant he delivers a swift atemi with his right foot to Uke's lower abdomen, the lower the better. It may be taken for granted that in most cases the term "lower abdomen" is merely a polite euphemism for the testicles!

SOME DEFENCES AGAINST REVOLVER

This section deals with parries against an aggressor who threatens you with a revolver to force you to do something. Generally speaking they are defences against the summons "Hands Up!".

Self Defense Guide
Fig. 4!

Contrary to what is generally believed, the revolver as an instrument of persuasion and compulsion does not constitute a definitive argument without reply. It is a weapon which at first can give its possessor a false idea of superiority and therefore an ill-founded confidence in himself. Its inexpert handling may well prove the undoing of the handler! For

Fig. 42

all these reasons the defences hereafter described are perfectly efficacious.

Fig. 42

all these reasons the defences hereafter described are perfectly efficacious.

Defence against the "Hands Up" Halfway: (Fig. 41).

Uke is in front of Tori, a little less than a yard, threatens him with a revolver held in his right hand and compels him to raise his hands.

Tori raises his hands without stiffness and well separated but sufficiently high in order not to arouse Uke's suspicions. He must not manifest the slightest desire to resist nor should he look at the revolver but at Uke's eyes.

Tori suddenly turns his right flank backwards, his left hand, palm in front, simultaneously sweeps down with a

Fig. 43

circular movement on the wrist and back of the hand of Uke which holds the revolver. His right hand from above completes this blocking movement. Thus Uke's right wrist is tightly held from either side by Tori's hands.

Tori then takes a big step with his left foot in front of Uke's feet, pivots with a complete turn to the right as with a big circular movement above his head he lifts Uke's wrist which he swiftly twists behind.

Remark: From the commencement of this parry at no moment is Tori within the line of sight of the revolver. He must train well in very rapid lateral dodging at the start with the simultaneous hold on Uke's wrist with his hand.

Defence against "Hands Up" from Behind: (Fig. 42).

Uke presses his revolver against Tori's back and compels him to raise his arms and as a rule also to go forward.

Tori should be quite sure that it is the revolver which Uke is holding against his back because the process which to a certain extent enables Uke to avoid the parry which follows consists in Uke's holding the revolver in his right hand and pushing Tori before him with his left hand.

Tori pivots very rapidly with a quarter turn to the left and his left forearm in the course of this rotation comes into forcible contact with and pushes Uke's right arm outwards.

Tori follows up with the armlock, as described in the parry to a hold on the sleeve from the side, and winds up with a right knee atemi to Uke's face.

Second Defence against "Hands Up" from Behind:

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