Sniper Training

Organization 1-2 1-3. Personnel Selection Criteria 1-3 1-4. Sniper and Observer Responsibilities 1-5 1-5. Tfeam Firing Section I. M24 Sniper Weapon System 2-1 2-1. Operations and Functions 2-4 2-2. Inspection 2-9 2-3. Care and Maintenance 2-9 2-4. Disassembly 2-15 2-5. Loading and Unloading 2-17 2-6. DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION Approved for public release distribution is unlimited. *This publication supersedes TC 23-14, 14 June 1989. Section II. Ammunition 2-18 2-7. 'types...

Integrated Act Of Firing

Once the sniper has been taught the fundamentals of marksmanship, his primary concern is his ability to apply it in the performance of his mission. An effective method of applying fundamentals is through the use of the integrated act of firing one round. The integrated act is a logical, step-by-step development of fundamentals whereby the sniper can develop habits that enable him to fire each shot the same way. The integrated act of firing can be divided into four distinct phases a. Preparation...

Mission Preparation

The sniper team uses planning factors to estimate the amount of time, coordinating and effort that must be expended to support the impending mission. Arms, ammunition, and equipment are METT-T dependent. Planning and coordination are essential procedures that occur during the preparation phase of a mission. The sniper team may receive a mission briefing in either written or oral form FRAGO . Usually, the team mission is stated specifically as to who, what, when, where, ana why how. On receipt...

Jungle Areas

Radio communications in jungle areas must be carefully planned, because the dense jungle growth reduces the range of radio transmission. However, since single-channel radio can be deployed in many configurations, especially man-packed, it is a valuable communications asset. The capabilities and limitations of single-channel radio must be carefully considered when used by forces in a jungle environment. The mobility and various configurations in which a single-channel radio can be deployed are...

Night Techniques

Without night vision devices, the sniper team must depend upon eyesight. Regardless of night brightness, the human eye cannot function at night with daylight precision. For maximum effectiveness, the sniper team must apply the following principles of night vision a. Night Adaptation. The sniper team should wear sunglasses or red-lensed goggles in lighted areas before departing on a mission. After departure, the team makes a darkness adaptation and listening halt for 30 minutes. b. Off-Center...

Sniper Sustainment Training

Wind Estimation Sniper

Repetitive training in long-range markmanship and field-craft skills ensures the best probability of effective engagement and the minimum risk of detection. Snipers must sustain basic soldier skills and master and sustain critical mission skills to accomplish their objectives. Both sniper and observer are trained snipers and should be highly skilled in the art of sniping. Sniping skills perish quickly therefore, sniper teams must sustain and sharpen those skills regularly. To deny the...

Hasty And Detailed Searches

Hasty Search Sniper

While observing a target area, the sniper team alternately conducts two types of visual searches hasty and detailed. a. A hasty search is the first phase of observing a target area. The observer conducts a hasty search immediately after the team occupies the firing position. A hasty search consists of quick glances with binoculars at specific points, terrain features, or other areas that could conceal the enemy. The observer views the area closest to the team's position first since it could...

Individual Movement Techniques

Sniper High Crawl

The individual movement techniques used by the sniper team are designed to allow movement without being detected. These movement techniques are sniper low crawl, medium crawl, high crawl, hand-and-knees crawl, and walking. a. Sniper Low Crawl. The sniper low crawl Figure 4-3 is used when concealment is extremely limited, when close to the enemy, or when occupying a firing position. b. Medium Crawl. The medium crawl Figure 4-4 is used when concealment is limited and the team needs to move...

Training Notes

Snipers should be trained IAW DA Pamphlet 350-38. Training includes knowledge of equipment, ammunition, range and terrain requirements, and techniques of training and sustaining the skills of the sniper team. a. Equipment. During all FIXs, each sniper should be equipped as indicated in Chapter 2. Team equipment should be available as needed. b. Known Distance Range Requirements. A standard known-distance range, graduated in 100-meter increments from 100 to 1,000 meters, is required for zeroing...

Section I M24 Sniper Weapon System

M24 Sniper Weapon System Parts

The M24 sniper weapon system is a 7.62-mm, bolt-action, six-shot repeating rifle one round in the chamber and five rounds in the magazine . It is designed for use with either the M3A telescope day optic sight usually called the M3A scope or the metallic iron sights. The sniper must know the M24's components, and the procedures required to operate them Figure 2-1, page 2-2 . The deployment kit is a repair maintenance kit with tools and repair parts for the operator to perform operator level...

Readings Recommended

Sniper Training

These reading contain relevant supplemental information. FM 5-36. Route Reconnaissance and Classification. 10 May 1985. FM 6-30. Observed Fire Procedures. 17 June 1985. FM 6-121. Field Artillery Target Acquisition. 13 December 1984. FM 7-93. Long-Range Surveillance Unit Operations. 9 June 1987. FM 8-10-4. Medical Platoon Leader's Handbook. 16 November 1990 FM 8-35. Evacuation of the Sick and Wounded. 22 December 1983. FM 17-98-1. Scout Leader's Handbook. 24 September 1990. FM 21-26. Map Reading...

Range Card

Snipers Sketchbook

The range card represents the target area drawn as seen from above with annotations indicating distances throughout the target area. Information is recorded on DA Form 5787-R Sniper's Range Card Figure 4-21 . A blank copy of this form is located in the back of this publication for local reproduction. The range card provides the sniper team with a quick-range reference and a means to record target locations, since it has preprinted range rings on it. These cards can be divided into sectors by...

Military Sketch

Sniper Field Sketch

DA Form 5788-R Military Sketch is used to record information about a general area, terrain features, or man-made structures that are not shown on a map. Military sketches provide intelligence sections a detailed, on-the-ground view of an area or object that is otherwise unobtainable. These sketches not only let the viewer see the area in different perspectives but also provide detail such as type of fences, number of telephone wires, present depth of streams, and so forth. There are two types...

How To Use The M49 Observation Telescope

Goggles Pvs

Observing an area during darkness Figure 2-27 . The sniper normally carries the goggles, because the observer has the M16 mounted with the nightsight. The goggles make it easier to see due to their design. However, the same limitations that apply to the nightsight also apply to the goggles. Figure 2-27. Night vision goggles, AN PVS-5, Figure 2-27. Night vision goggles, AN PVS-5, c. Night Vision Goggles, AN PVS-7 Series. The night vision goggles, AN PVS-7 series Figure 2-28, page 2-36 has a...

Lock The Nonfiring Arm Straight Or The Face Will Absorb The Weapons Recoil

The Sniper

a After assuming a prone position, grasp the upper sling swivel and sling with the nonfiring hand, forming a fist to support the front of the weapon. b Ensure the nonfiring arm is locked straight since it will absorb the weapon's recoil. Wearing a glove is advisable. c Rest the butt of the weapon on the ground and place it under the firing shoulder. The sniper can make minor adjustments in muzzle elevation by tightening or relaxing the fist of the nonfiring hand. If more elevation is required,...

Iron Sights

Sniper Iron Sights

Depending on the situation, a sniper may be required to deliver an effective shot at ranges up to 900 meters or more. This requires the sniper to zero his rifle with the iron sights and the M3A scope at most ranges that he can be expected to fire. a. Mounting. To mount iron sights, the sniper must remove the M3A scope first. 1 Attach the front sight to the barrel, align the front sight and the front sight base, and slide the sight over the base and tighten the screw Figure 2-22 . Figure 2-22....

M22 Binoculars

M22 Binoculars

The M22 binoculars Figure 2-33 can be used instead of the M19. These binoculars have the same features as the M19, plus fold-down eyepiece cups for personnel who wear glasses to reduce the distance between the eyes and the eyepiece. It also has protective covers for the objective and eyepiece lenses. The binoculars have laser protection filters on the inside of the objective lenses direct sunlight can reflect off these lenses . The reticle pattern Figure 2-33 is different than the M19 binocular...

M19 Binoculars

Mil Reticle Pattern

The M19 is the preferred optical instrument for conducting hasty scans. This binocular Figure 2-32 has 7-power magnification with a 50-mm objective lens, and an interpupillary scale located on the hinge. The sniper should adjust the binocular until one sharp circle appears while looking through them. After adjusting the binoculars' interpupillary distance distance between a person's pupils , the sniper should make a mental note of the reading on this scale for future reference. The eyepieces...