Readings Recommended

These reading contain relevant supplemental information.

*FM 5-20. Camouflage. 20 May 1968.

*FM 5-36. Route Reconnaissance and Classification. 10 May 1985.

*FM 6-30. Observed Fire Procedures. 17 June 1985.

FM 6-121. Field Artillery Target Acquisition. 13 December 1984.

*FM 7-93. Long-Range Surveillance Unit Operations. 9 June 1987.

FM 8-10-4. Medical Platoon Leader's Handbook. 16 November 1990

FM 8-35. Evacuation of the Sick and Wounded. 22 December 1983.

*FM 17-98-1. Scout Leader's Handbook. 24 September 1990.

FM 21-26. Map Reading and Navigation. 5 July 1993.

FM 21-75. Combat Skills of the Soldier. 3 August 1984.

FM 23-8. M14 and M14A1 Rifles and Rifle Marksmanship. 15 April 1974.

FM 23-9. M16A1 and M16A2 Rifle Marksmanship. 3 July 1989.

FM 23-31. 40-mm Grenade Launchers M203 and M79. (To Be Published.)

*FM 24-1. Signal Support in the AirLand Battle. 15 October 1990.

*FM 24-18. Tactical Single-Channel Radio Communications Techniques. 30 September 1987.

*This source was also used to develop this publication.

FM 34-3. Intelligence Analysis. 15 March 1990.

FM 90-3(HTF). Desert Operations (How to Fight). 19 August 1977.

FM 90-4. Air Assault Operations. 16 March 1987.

FM 90-5(HTF). Jungle Operations (How to Fight). 16 August 1982.

FM 90-6. Mountain Operations. 30 June 1980.

FM 90-10(HTF). Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain (MOUT) (How to Fight). 15 August 1979.

TC 31-24. Special Forces Air Operations. 9 September 1988.

TC 31-25. Special Forces Waterborne Operations. 30 October 1988.

TM 11-666. Antennas for Radio Propagation. 9 February 1953.

TM 11-5855-262-10-1. Litton Model M972/M973. 15 June 1987.

TM 11-5860-201-10. Operator's Manual: Laser Infrared Observation Set, AN/GVS-5. 2 February 1982.

INDEX

aiming, 3-16

ammunition M82, blank, 2-19 M118,7.62-mm special ball, 2-18 (see also holdoff)

antennas (see communications)

ART (auto-ranging telescope) I and II, B-10

auto-ranging telescope (ART), {see ART)

ballistics terminology, 3-25,3-26 types, 3-25

binoculars M19,2-39 M22,2-40 breath control, 3-20

camouflage, 4-1 {see also tracking and countertracking) field-expedient, 4-4 ghillie suit, 4-3 tracking, 8-1 types, 4-2

communications antennas field-expedient, 7-1—7-3 directional, 7-9—7-11 omnidirectional, 7-4—7-8 length, 7-12

formats

EPW/captured materiel report, 7-31

Mill report, 7-28 NBC 1 report, 7-32 reconnaissance report, 7-25 shelling report, 7-30 situation report, 7-24 spot report, 7-23 sniper/observer, 3-46

Concealed Movement Exercise Scorecard, (DA Form 7326-R), 9-5,9-6 {illus)

Concealment Exercise Scorecard (DA Form 7325-R) 9-3,9-4 {illus)

countertracking camouflage, 8-11 deception, 8-12 evasion, 8-11

DA Form 5786-R (Sniper's Observation Log), 4-47 {illus)

DA Form 5788-R (Military Sketch), 4.44,4.45 {Ulus)

DA Form 7325-R (Concealment Exercise Scorecard), 9-3,9-4 {illus)

Index-1

DA Form 7326-R (Concealed Movement Exercise Scorecard), 9-5,9-6 (Ullis)

DA Form 7327-R (Ikrget Detection Exercise Scorecard), 9-7,9-8 (Ulus) DA Form 7328-R (Range Estimation Exercise Scorecard), 9-9, 9-10 (aius)

DA Form 7329-R (Qualification Täble No. 1 Scorecard), 9-36, 9-38 (Ulus)

DA Form 7330-R (Qualification Täble No. 2 Scorecard), 9-36, 9-39 (Ulus)

deployment kit, 2-2,2-3 (Ulus) dog/handler teams, 8-9 duty observer, 1-2 (see also responsibilities)

sniper, 1-2,1-4 (see also responsibilities)

sniper employment officer (SEO), 1-2 team leader, 1-2

equipment 5-15, (see also radio) military operations on urbanized terrain (MOUT), 5-17 other, 2-40 special, 5-14 extraction (see operations)

firing techniques observer, 1-6 sniper, 1-6

foreign weapons Austria, A-l Belgium, A-2 Finland, A-2 France, A-2 Germany, A-3 Israel, A-4 Italy, A-4 Spain, A-4 Switzerland, A-4 the former Czechoslovakia, A-2 the former Russia, A-6 the former Yugoslavia, A-7

fundamentals aiming, 3-16 breath control, 3-20 calling the shot, 3-22 firing, 3-23 follow-through, 3-22 steady position elements, 3-1 trigger control, 3-21—3-22

grenade launcher, M203,1-3,2-32

holdoff, 3-40 7.62-mm special ball (M18) 3-42 (Ulus)

insertion (see operations)

KIM game (see keep-in-memoiy game)

Index-2

laser observation set, AN/GVS-5, 2-35,2-36 (illus) litter, 8-8

M16 rifle, 1-3 M16A1/A2 rifle, 2-32 M21 sniper weapon system, (see sniper weapon system, M21) M24 sniper weapon system, (see sniper weapon system, M24)

M49 observation telescope (see telescope, M49)

M203 grenade launcher, (see grenade launcher, M203)

marksmanship fundamentals aiming, 3-16 breath control, 3-20 calling the shot, 3-22 firing, 3-23 follow-through, 3-22 steady position elements, 3-1 trigger control, 3-21—3-22 MILES trianing, 9-40

Military Sketch (DA Form 5788-R), 4-44,4-45 (illus)

minutes of angle, 3-33 mission, 1-1,1-2 preparation briefback, 5-8 checklist, 5-2 mission alert, 5-1 operation order, 5-7 packaging list, 5-3 tentative plan, 5-1 warning order, 5-1

mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) (see MOPP)

MOPP (mission-oriented protection posture), 3-46

NBC (nuclear, biological, chemical), 3-45

night vison goggles AN/PVS-5,2-34

night vision sight, AN/PVS-4,2-33

nuclear, biological, chemical (NBC) (see NBC)

observation detailed search, 4-29,4-30 (illus) elements, 4-30 log, 2-50 techniques night, 4-31 twilight, 4-31 telescope, M49 (see telescope)

operations execution, 6-10,9-21 extraction, 6-13 insertion, 6-1,9-21 air, 6-3

amphibious, 6-5 land, 6-7 recovery, 6-15

organization light infantry division, 1-2 mechanized infantry battalion, 1-2

Index-3

positions construction, 4-16 occupation, 4-15 selection, 4-14 urban terrain, 4-23

Qualification Ikble No. 1 Scorecard (DA Form 7329-R), 9-36,9-38 0Ulus)

Qualification Tkble No. 2 Scorecard, (DA Form 7330-R), 9-36,9-39 (Ulus)

radios AN/PRC-77,2-41 AN/PRC-104 A, 2-42 AN/PRC-119,2-43 operation under unusual conditions, 7-13 arctic, 7-13 desert, 7-20 jungle, 7-15 mountainous, 7-22 urbanized terrain, 7-22

range estimation, 4-36 100-meter-unit-of-measure, 4-37 appearance-of-object, 4-38

auto-ranging telescopes (ARB) I and II, B-10 bracketing, 4-38 combination, 4-40 mil-relation formula, 4-38 paper strip, 4-36 range card, 4-38,4-42 tables, 4-41

Range Estimation Exercise Scorecard, (DA Form 7328-R), 9-9,9-10 (illus)

responsibilities observer, 1-5 sniper, 1-5

rifle M16,1-3 M16A1/A2,2-32

scopes ART I and II scopes, B-10

shot calling, 3-22 iron sight, 3-23 (see also sights) telescopic sights, 3-23 (see also sights)

sighting devices auto-range telescope (ART), B-10 ART I, B-10 (illus) ART II, B-10, B-ll (Ulus) mounts, B-12 reticles, B-12

sights alignment, 3-18 iron, 2-29 picture, 3-19

sketches, military panoramic, 4-43 topographic, 4-44 sniper/observer, 3-46 sniper data book, 3-25,3-36,4-46

Sniper's Data Card

Sniper's Observation Log (DA Fbrm 5786-R), 4-47 (Ulus)

lndex-4

Sniper's Range Card,

sniper weapon systems M21, B-2 (illus) care and maintenance, B-3 differences, B-l inspection, B-2 loading and unloading, B-4 malfunctions and corrections, B-5 (table)

rear sights, B-4, B-5 (illus) M24,2-1,2-2 (illus) care and maintenance, 2-9 disassembly, 2-15 loading and unloading, 2-17 malfunctions and corrections, 2-19

storage, 2-13

sustainment training additional skills, 9-15 basic skills, 9-1 equipment, 9-22 training program, 9-25—9-36

target detection, 4-32

Tàrget Detection Exercise Scorecard

target selection, 4-34

targets, moving, 3-43 engagement, 9-41 key, 4-35 leading, 3-43

tracking, 3-44 trapping, 3-44

techniques stay-behind, 6-8 night, 4-31

twilight, 4-31 (also see observation)

telescope auto-ranging telescopes (ART) (see ART) M3A scope, 2-22 observation, M49,2-37 operation, 2-26 tracking camouflage, 8-8 displacement, 8-1 dog/handler teams, 8-9 litter, 8-8 stains, 8-5 weather, 8-6 trajectory, 3-26,3-27 (table) trigger control, 3-21—3-22

uniform, 5-15

weapon system (see specific aspects)

weather effects, 3-29 (see also tracking) humidity, 3-36 light, 3-36 mirages, 3-32 temperature, 3-36 wind, 3-31

Index-5

SNIPER'S DATA CARD

For uh of thi* form, tee FM 23-10; the proponent agency Is THADOC

DISTANOF TO TARGFT MFTFRR

RANGE

RIFLE AND SCOPE NO

DATE

ELEVATION

WINDAGE

USED CORRECT

USED CORRECT

AMMO

LIGHT

MIRAGE

TEMP

HOUR

HOLD

LIGHT

WIND

o

VELOCITY

SDIRECTION

/\

—r

SHOT

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

g

10

REMARKS

ELEV

WIND

C A L L

NOTE: the required targets will be drawn in by hand to meet the needs of the unit.

DA FORM 5788-R, JUN 89

SNIPER'S OBSERVATION LOG sheet of sheets

For use of this form, see FM 23-10; the proponent agency Is TRADOC

originator:

date/time:

location:

serial

time

grid coordinate

event

actions or remarks

DA FORM 5785-R, JUN 89

DA FORM 5785-R, JUN 89

Sniper Training

MILITARY SKETCH

For use of this fotm, see FM 23-10; the proponent agency Is TRADOC

remarks:

remarks:

sketch name:

grid coordinate:. weather:_

magnetic azimuth sketch #.

name: rank:

date/time:

DA FORM 5787-R, JUN 89

CONCEALMENT EXERCISE SCORECARD Exercise Number _

For use of this form, see FM 23-10; the proponent agency is TRADOC

DATA REQUIRED BY PRIVACY ACT OF 1974. AUTHORITY: 10 USC 3012(g)/Executive Order 1974. PRINCIPAL PURPOSE(S): Evaluates individual training. ROUTINE USE(S): Evaluates individual proficiency. SSN is used for positive identification purposes only. MANDATORY OR VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE AND EFFECT ON INDIVIDUAL NOT PROVIDING INFORMATION: Voluntary. Individuals not providing information cannot be rated/scored on a mass basis.

Last name First MI Rank SSN Unit

Date

Weather\visibility

Score

If the sniper Points Deducted Total

• Was detected without the aid of optics (first 2 minutes) .2 0 2 •Was detected with the aid of optics (18 minutes) 1 0 3

• Was detected when assistant trainer was within

•Properly identied the number within 30 seconds 1 0 5

• Failed to properly identify the number 0 3 2

• Fired first shot, not detected 4 0 6

• Fired second shot, not detected 1 0 7

•Maintained stable firing position (support) 2 0 9

•Properly adjusted weapon's scope for range and windage . 1 0 ... . 10

NOTES: (Check one of the target indicators.)

1. If the sniper was caught trying to identify the number, score 4 points. □ Contrast to background

2. If muzzle blast/flash is detected, DMuzzle blast deduct 1 point from total score. DMuzzle flash

3. Failing to comply with training □ Improper movement techniques standards and objectives (such as unnecessary □ Improper camouflage movement, premature fire, outide prescribed □ Shine boundries) will result in termination of the □ Outline exercise and a score of zero. □ Sound

Trainer's signature

Sn iper's s ignature

CONCEALED MOVEMENT EXERCISE SCORECARD Exercise Number_

For use of this form, see FM 23-10; the proponent agency is TRADOC DATA REQUIRED BY PRIVACY ACT OF 1974. AUTHORITY: 10 USC 3012(g)/Executive Order 9397. PRINCIPAL PURPOSE(S): Evaluates individual training. ROUTINE USE(S): Evaluates individual proficiency. SSN is used for positive identification purposes only. MANDATORY OR VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE AND EFFECT ON INDIVIDUAL NOT PROVIDING INFORMATION: Voluntary. Individuals not providing information cannot be rated/scored on a mass basis.

Last name First Ml Rank SSN Unit

Date Weather\visibility Score

If the sniper Points Deducted Total

•Was not detected when assistant trainer is within

•Properly identified number (within 30 seconds) ... .2 ... .0 12

•Was not detected when assistant trainer is within 5 feet of sniper 2 ... .0 16

•Maintained stable firing position (support) 1 ... .0 19

•Properly adjusted weapon's scope for range and windage ..1 0 20

NOTES:

1. If muzzle blast/flash is detected, deduct 1 point from total score.

2. Failing to comply with training standards and objectives (such as unnecessary movement, premature fire, outside prescribed boundries) will result in termination of the exercise and a score of zero.

REMARKS: Explain in detail on back the reason for sniper's detection. ---;-;-

Trainer's signature Sniper's signature

(Check one of the target indicators.)

□Contrast to background

□ Improper movement techniques

□ Improper camouflage

ROSTER #: t

) TARGET DETECTION EXERCISE SCORECARD

For use of this form, see FM 23-10; the proponent agency is TRADOC

EX #: (_

— )

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

7

7

6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3

2

2

1

1

0

0

SKETCH NAME:

Sketch #

SKETCH NAME:

GRID COORDINATE:

of

GRID COORDINATE:

WEATHER:

Magnetic Azimuth

Block Scale:

DATE:

TIME:

#

SIZE

SHAPE

COLOR

CONDITION

APPEARS TO BE

GRID BOX LOC.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

RANGE ESTIMATION EXERCISE SCORECARD Exercise Number_

For use of this form, see FM 23-10; the proponent agency is TRADOC

DATA REQUIRED BY PRIVACY ACT OF 1974. AUTHORITY: 10 USC 3012(g)/Executive Order 9397. PRINCIPAL PURPOSE(S): Evaluates individual training. ROUTINE USE(S): Evaluates individual proficiency. SSN is used for positive identification purposes only. MANDATORY OR VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE AND EFFECT ON INDIVIDUAL NOT PROVIDING INFORMATION: Voluntary. Individuals not providing information cannot be rated/scored on a mass basis.

Last name First

Rank

Unit

Date

Weather\visibility

Score

EYE ESTIMATION +- 15%

BINOCULAR ESTIMATION +- 10%

M3A TELESCOPE ESTIMATION +- 5%

1. Within three minutes, the range to the target is estimated at each point, using the naked eye, binoculars, and the M3A telescope. Estimations must be performed in the order listed.

2. Once an estimate is recorded, it cannot be changed; it will be counted as incorrect. However, the M3A telescope estimate may be changed before the next set of estimates are recorded.

3. The use of calculators is encouraged.

4. This is an individual exercise. Any sniper that talks or tries to look at another sniper's scorecard is terminated from the exercise.

5. If there are any questions, the trainer will assist you.

Trainer's signature

Sniper's signature

MAKE A SKETCH OF THE SECTOR YOU ARE ASSIGNED TO COVER.

Page 2, DA FORM 7328-R, JUL 94

For use of this form, see FM 23-10; the proponent agency is TRADOC

DATA REQUIRED BY PRIVACY ACT OF 1974. AUTHORITY: 10 USC 3012(g)/Executive Order 9397. PRINCIPAL PURPOSE(S): Evaluates individual training. ROUTINE USE(S): Evaluates individual proficiency. SSN is used for positive identification purposes only. MANDATORY OR VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE AND EFFECT ON INDIVIDUAL NOT PROVIDING INFORMATION: Voluntary. Individuals not providing information cannot be rated/scored on a mass basis.

(circle one) Record or practice

Last name

First MI

Rank

SSN

Unit

Date

Weather\visibility

(meters) 1st 200

Round 2d Round

Miss

TARGET (meters) 500

1st Round 2d

Round Miss

300

400

325

325

375

400

500

600

600

500

500

700

375

325

600

300

700

200

xlO

x5=

Trainer

s signature

Sniper's

signature

For use of this form, see FM 23-10; the proponent agency is TRADOC

DATA REQUIRED BY PRIVACY ACT OF 1974. AUTHORITY: 10 USC 3012(g)/Executive Order 9397. PRINCIPAL PURPOSE(S): Evaluates individual training. ROUTINE USE(S): Evaluates individual proficiency. SSN is used for positive identification purposes only. MANDATORY OR VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE AND EFFECT ON INDIVIDUAL NOT PROVIDING INFORMATION: Voluntary. Individuals not providing information cannot be rated/scored on a mass basis.

(circle one) Record or practice

Last name

First MI

Rank

SSN

Unit

Date

Weather\visibility

(meters) ist Round 2d Round Miss

Trainer's signature

TARGET

(meters) 1st Round 2d Round Miss

Sniper's signature

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