Upon receiving a mission, the sniper team locates the target area and then determines the best location for a tentative position by using one or more of the following sources of information: topographic maps, aerial photographs, visual reconnaissance before the mission, and information gained from units operating in the area.

a. The sniper team ensures the position provides an optimum balance between the following considerations:

• Maximum fields of fire and observation of the target area. Concealment from enemy observation.

Covered routes into and out of the position. Located no closer than 300 meters from the target area.

• A natural or man-made obstacle between the position and the target area.

b. A sniper team must remember that a position that appears to be in an ideal location may also appear that way to the enemy. Therefore, the team avoids choosing locations that are—

On a point or crest of prominent terrain features.

• Close to isolated objects.

• At bends or ends of roads, trails, or streams.

• In populated areas, unless it is required.

c. The sniper team must use its imagination and ingenuity in choosing a good location for the given mission. The team chooses a location that not only allows the team to be effective but also must appear to the enemy to be the least likely place for a team position. The following are examples of such positions:

• Under logs in a deadfall area.

• Tunnels bored from one side of a knoll to the other.


Deep shadows.

Inside rubble piles.

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