Training Notes

Family Bunker Plans

Family Bunker Plans

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Snipers should be trained IAW DA Pamphlet 350-38. Training includes knowledge of equipment, ammunition, range and terrain requirements, and techniques of training and sustaining the skills of the sniper team.

a. Equipment. During all FIXs, each sniper should be equipped as indicated in Chapter 2. Team equipment should be available as needed.

b. Known Distance Range Requirements. A standard known-distance range, graduated in 100-meter increments from 100 to 1,000 meters, is required for zeroing and zero confirmation exercises. The target detection range facilities and procedures should permit observation and range determination to 800 meters.

c. Field Firing Range Requirements. The ideal field firing range should be on terrain that has been left in its natural state. The range should be a minimum of 800 meters in depth with provisions along the firing line for several sniper positions within each lane to provide a slightly different perspective of the target area (Table 9-2). Where time prevents construction of a separate range, it may be necessary to superimpose this facility over an existing field firing range.

(1) Iron maidens can be made out of 3/4-inch steel plate with a supporting frame. They should be cut out in the form of silhouettes 20 inches wide and 40 inches high. By painting these targets white, the sniper can easily detect where the bullet impacts on the target.

(2) Placing targets inside of window openings gives the sniper experience engaging targets that can be found in an urban environment. This is done by cutting a 15-inch by 15-inch hole in the center of a 36-inch by 48-inch plywood board. Then an E-type silhouette is emplaced on a hit-kill mechanism 2 to 4 meters behind the plywood.

(3) Targets placed inside a bunker-type position allows the sniper to gain experience firing into darkened openings. This position can be built with logs and sandbags with an E-type silhouette on a hit-kill mechanism placed inside.

METERS

TYPE TARGET

200

E-TYPE SILHOUETTE, HIT-KILL MECHANISM.

300

IRON MAIDEN SILHOUETTE; E-TYPE SILHOUETTE, HIT-KILL MECHANISM; MOVING TARGET MECHANISM.

325

E-TYPE SILHOUETTE, HIT-KILL MECHANISM.

375

E-TYPE SILHOUETTE, HIT-KILL MECHANISM, EMPLACED INSIDE A WINDOW.

400

E-TYPE SILHOUETTE, HIT-KILL MECHANISM, EMPLACED INSIDE A BUNKER.

500

IRON MAIDEN SILHOUETTE; MOVING TARGET MECHANISM, TRACKED VEHICLE WITH A HIT-KILL MECHANISM IN THE COMMANDER'S CUPOLA.

600 to 1,000

IRON MAIDEN SILHOUETTES.

Table 9-2. Field firing range requirements.

Table 9-2. Field firing range requirements.

(4) Moving targets can be used at distances between 300 and 500 meters to give the sniper practical experience and to develop skill in engaging a moving target. Two targets, one moving laterally and one moving at an oblique, present a challenge to the sniper.

(5) Targets should be arranged to provide varying degrees of concealment to show enemy personnel or situations in logical locations (Figure 9-9, page 9-24). The grouping of two or more targets to indicate a crew-served weapon situation or a small unit is acceptable. Such arrangements, provided the targets can be marked, may require selective engagement by the sniper. The automatic target devices provide for efficient range operation and scoring.

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