Gao Yi Shengs Ba Gua Zhang Book

In 1927, with the help of his student Liu Bo Yong ), Gao Yi Sheng completed the first draft of his six volume book which he simply called Ba Gua Zhang. Gao wrote this book as a guideline for future generations and he allowed his senior students to copy what was written in the book.

One of Gao's students, Du Shao Tang (¿Lj&g

Gua Chun Qing

Gao Yi Sheng's complete book consists of six volumes (as shown above left). The bottom page (far left) discusses the fourth change of the pre-heaven Ba Gua (Yan Fan Gai Shou Zhang). The "song" of this change is shown at the top of the right hand page and the characteristic posture of this change is shown below the song. On the opposite page the correspondence to the Ba Gua diagram and the post-heaven changes are shown. Each pre-heaven change in Gao's system corresponds with eight of the post heaven sets. Each of the pre-heaven changes are depicted in this manner in the book. The middle page above shows the Gao style "Ba Gua tree" which symbolizes the student's development in Ba Gua training. Strong roots and a solid foundation (trunk) promote the growth of a infinite number of changes (branches). The diagram on the page to the right, above shows the correspondence between the Ba Gua diagram and various aspects of Gao's Ba Gua system.

Gao Yi Sheng's Ba Gua Zhang Book

Gyokko Ryu Circle Chart

Gao Yi Sheng's complete book consists of six volumes (as shown above left). The bottom page (far left) discusses the fourth change of the pre-heaven Ba Gua (Yan Fan Gai Shou Zhang). The "song" of this change is shown at the top of the right hand page and the characteristic posture of this change is shown below the song. On the opposite page the correspondence to the Ba Gua diagram and the post-heaven changes are shown. Each pre-heaven change in Gao's system corresponds with eight of the post heaven sets. Each of the pre-heaven changes are depicted in this manner in the book. The middle page above shows the Gao style "Ba Gua tree" which symbolizes the student's development in Ba Gua training. Strong roots and a solid foundation (trunk) promote the growth of a infinite number of changes (branches). The diagram on the page to the right, above shows the correspondence between the Ba Gua diagram and various aspects of Gao's Ba Gua system.

was a story editor for the New Tianjin News. In 1935 Du wrote a book he called You Shen Lian Huan Ba Gua Zhang- Swimming Body Continuously Linked Ba Gua Zhang) and it was published by the New Tianjin Book Company. Almost everything in Du's book was taken directly from the book Gao Yi Sheng had written for his students. Evidently, Du had published this material without Gao's permission and thus Gao was upset.

In 1936, Gao added more information to his original book. His book was written in his own hand in five volumes. The first three volumes include background information about Dong Hai Chuan, theory and philosophy of practice (including Yin Yang (PÉ? f§r) and Five Element Theory) and practical fighting concepts such as the use of the rise, drill, fall, and overturn movements. These volumes also included Nei Gong (ï*J practice and the Xian Tian and Hou Tian forms with "songs" pertaining to each of the changes and sets, an explanation of the movements, an illustration of the characteristic posture of the set, relationships between the pre-heaven changes and the post-heaven sets, and their correspondences with the Ba Gua diagram. The fourth volume includes the five fists and twelve animals of Xing Yi Quan and the use of the "Ba Gua single fist." The fifth volume includes many "songs" pertaining to the practice of Ba Gua Zhang and practical theory. After Gao had finished his five volumes, some of his students got together and wrote a sixth volume on the practice of Qi Gong (A and methods for cultivating health and longevity. This volume is written in great detail and came directly from Gao's teaching of this material.

Many masters of old wrote books in order to leave a written account of their experience for later generations. For the most part these were not written in great detail because they were written solely to provide initiate students with keys to remembering what they were taught. They were written in the form of "songs" that typically could not be understood by the uninitiated. Most of these books would be annotated by future generations and several have been published publicly.

Over the years, Gao's book has appeared publicly and privately in many forms, however, all of the material is basically the same in content.

After Du Shao Tang's book was published in Tianjin in 1935, the next version of Gao's book to be published was published privately by Zhang Jun Feng in Taiwan around 1954. This book was written by Zhang's students based on Zhang's copy of Gao's book. Zhang's book is very similar in content to Gao's as Zhang was against changing anything that was written in his teacher's book.

Since 1989, three books with Gao's material have been published publicly in mainland China. The first, called Yu Shen Lian Huan Ba Gua Zhang, was written by Wen Zhong Shi (¿8.^S). Wen was a student Gao's student Zhang Fu Hai Wen's book shows the pre-heaven and post-heaven forms and gives a few examples of the two-person practice sets. This book does not include the "songs" that are associated with the pre-heaven and post-heaven forms.

In 1991 two books were published that contained Gao's material. The first, titled Ba Gua Zhang San Da Shu - Ba Gua Zhang Free Fighting

Technique), was written by Ma Wen Rong 0% ^ under the pen-name Jian Xian f&M^). Ma was a student of Gao Yi Sheng's student An Ji Hai Ma's book contains various two-person sets including Ba Gua moving step push hands, two-person elbow sets, two-person cutting legs sets and linking legs sets,

Bagua Broadsword

Wang Shu Sheng practicing with the large Ba Gua Broad Sword

Qin Dynasty Swords

Liu Shu Hang poses with the Qing Dynasty era Ba Gua Sword he inherited from his grand-uncle, Liu Feng Cai ground fighting, and throwing.

The second book published in 1991 was written by Liu Shu Hang if) under careful review by Liu Feng Cai and Liu's top student Wang Shu Sheng ( This book, called Cheng Pai Gao Shi Ba Gua Zhang Pu - Gao Yi Sheng's Style of

Cheng Ting Hua Ba Gua Zhang), was based on Gao's original book, however, the form illustrations are much more detailed. This book includes a history of the Gao style, biographies of Gao Yi Sheng and Liu Feng Cai, the standing practice, the static circle-walking postures, and the pre-heaven and post-heaven forms with the original "songs" from Gao's book that are associated with each form.

Although Gao allowed many of his students to copy his book, he gave the original version to his grand-nephew, and student, Liu Feng Cai. Liu Feng Cai in turn gave this book to his grand-nephew, and student, Liu Shu Hang.

After the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in 1941, the situation in China became turbulent. The foreign concessions in Tianjin were sealed off and transportation became difficult. In 1942, Gao Yi Sheng, who was about 75 years old at the time, moved from Tianjin back to Yang Village in Wu Ching County at the request of his son. Gao retired from teaching all but a few select students and lived in the back of a medicine shop which was owned by one of his students. Gao Yi

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