B1 Bayonet Court

Krav Maga Techniques For Beginners

Before training on the assault course, instructors may use the bayonet training court (Figure B-1, page B-2) for preliminary training to teach soldiers how to attack while moving rapidly toward an enemy. To use the course in this way, soldiers are lined up behind each of the 10 files of targets (two files are blocked by the instructor's platform). The instructor assistant instructor must designate the movement to be executed against each target. On command, the soldiers negotiate the course in...

Bridging The Gap Between Ranges

An imaginary sphere of defense extends all-round a soldier and spans the length of his arms. In hand-to-hand combat, the space and distance between opponents, known as the interval gap, is the primary factor in the soldier's ability to interpret and react to the enemy's movement. Within the interval gap is a zone of safety, the reactionary gap, which allows time for the soldier's reaction to the enemy's movement. a. The average reactionary gap to an unarmed attacker is 6 feet that is, the zone...

B2 Bayonet Assault Course

A bayonet assault course has a series of lanes to accommodate several soldiers negotiating the course at the same time. The course has targets to attack and obstacles to overcome it should be laid out on rough, preferably wooded terrain. The length of the course should be 300 meters however, less space is acceptable if terrain dictates. (See paragraph 2-7.) Natural obstacles (such as stream, ravines, ridges, and thickly wooded areas) and artificial obstacles (such as dirt mounds, craters, wire...

A10 Graded Bouts

Self Defense Vulnerable Spots Chart

During graded bouts Figure A-9, page A-8 , the opponents face each other, 12 steps apart. The instructor should be in a position where he can best control the bout. Each bout consists of three rounds. To score a point or win a round, a soldier must score a solid blow with either end of the pugil stick to a vulnerable point the head, throat, chest, stomach, or groin region. a. To start a bout or a round, the instructor blows the whistle, and the soldiers move toward each other in the attack. The...

Transition Techniques

In battle, when a combat soldier closes with the enemy to within small-arms and grenade range, and he has exhausted his ammunition or his weapon fails to fire, the fluidity of the battle may dictate that he will become engaged in hand-to-hand combat. In some combat scenarios, innocent noncombatants may be present. Firing of small arms, grenades, and so on, would needlessly endanger them. Therefore, the soldier may need to engage the enemy in hand-to-hand combat in such situations. In other...

Short Punches And Strikes

Pictures Karate Emblems And Figures

During medium-range combat, punches and strikes are usually short because of the close distance between fighters. Power is generated by using the entire body mass in motion behind all punches and strikes. a. Hands as Weapons. A knowledge of hand-to-hand combat fighting provides the fighter another means to accomplish his mission. Hands can become deadly weapons when used by a skilled fighter. 1 Punch to solar plexus. The defender uses this punch for close-in fighting when the opponent rushes or...

B4 Scoresheets

The NCOIC or OIC uses three scoresheets to record the score of soldiers who complete the bayonet assault course. a. Bayonet Target Scoresheet. Target scores are recorded on DA Form 1770-R Bayonet Target Scoresheet Figure B-3 . A blank copy of this form is located in the back of this publication for local reproduction on 8 l 2-inch by ll-inch paper. The scoresheet is used to ensure a standard scoring system for each of the eight fixed targets on any bayonet assault course. The form contains the...

To Minimize Weapon Damage While Using Blocks And Parries Limit Weapontoweapon Contact To Half Speed During Training

Karate Move Step Step For Kids

The objective is to counter a thrust, throw the opponent off balance, and hit a vulnerable area of his body. Timing, speed, and judgment are essential factors in these movements. The instructor explains and demonstrates how to Parry right. If your opponent carries his weapon on his left hip left-handed , you will parry it to your right. In execution, step forward with your leading foot Figure 5-48, Step 1 , strike the opponent's rifle Figure 5-48, Step 2 , deflecting it to...

Combatives Contents

Soldier Combatives

Purpose of Combatives Training 1-1 1-2. Basic Principles 1-1 CHAPTER 2. TRAINING 2-1 Section I. Train the Trainer 2-1 2-1. Importance of Skilled T ainers 2-1 2-2. Safety Section II. Unit Training 2-3 2-3. Basic or One-Station Unit Training 2-4 2-4. Unit Sustainment Training Program 2-5 Section III. Training Areas 2-5 2-5. Training Formations 2-5 2-6. Pit 2-7. Bayonet Assault Course 2-6 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION Approved for public release distribution is...

Documents Needed

These documents must be available to the intended users of this publication. AR 672-5-1. Military Awards. 12 April 1984. DA Form 1770-R. Bayonet Target Scoresheet. 1 August 1971. DA Form 3751-R. Bayonet Course Qualification Scoresheet. 1 August 1971. DA Form 3752-R. Lane Scorer's Record for Bayonet Test. 1 August 1971. FM 21-20. Physical Fitness Training. 28 August 1985. This source was also used to develop this publication.

Sixfoot Pole

Kenjutsu Basic Technics Tutorial

Another field-expedient weapon that can mean the difference between life and death for a soldier in an unarmed conflict is a pole about 6 feet long. Examples of poles suitable for use are mop handles, pry bars, track tools, tent poles, and small trees or limbs cut to form a pole. A soldier skilled in the use of a pole as a weapon is a formidable opponent. The size and weight of the pole requires him to move his whole body to use it effectively. Its length gives the soldier an advantage of...

Knifeagainstknife Sequence

Krav Maga Techniques

The knife fighter must learn to use all available weapons of his body and not limit himself to the knife. The free hand can be used to trap the enemy's hands to create openings in his defense. The enemy's attention will be focused on the weapon therefore, low kicks and knee strikes will seemingly come from nowhere. The knife fighter's priority of targets are the eyes, throat, abdominal region, and extended limbs. Some knife attack sequences that can be used in training to help develop soldiers'...

Vital Targets

Vital Targets Body

The body is divided into three sections high, middle, and low. Each section contains vital targets Figure 4-1, pages 4-5 and 4-6 . The effects of striking these targets follow a. High Section. The high section includes the head and neck it is the most dangerous target area. 1 Top of the head. The skull is weak where the frontal cranial bones join. A forceful strike causes trauma to the cranial cavity, resulting in unconsciousness and hemorrhage. A severe strike can result in death. 2 Forehead....

A7 Value Of Pugil Training

Bayonet Training

Since pugil fighting is a rugged contact activity, the soldiers must remain alert. They act and react from instinct, thus affording an opportunity to develop their individual rifle-bayonet fighting skills. Little effort is required by the instructor to motivate the soldiers the pugil stick is the motivating force. Soldiers derive much physical benefit from pugil training, and they develop an aggressive mental spirit that is so essential if the rifle-bayonet fighter is to be successful in combat...

Bayonetknife

Krav Maga Knife Defence

As the bayonet is an integral part of the combat soldier's equipment, it is readily available for use as a multipurpose weapon. The bayonet produces a terrifying mental effect on the enemy when in the hands of a well-trained and confident soldier. The soldier skilled in the use of the knife also increases his ability to defend against larger opponents and multiple attackers. Both these skills increase his chances of surviving and accomplishing the mission. Although the following paragraphs say...

The official Israeli selfdefence system

Gign Karate Judo

By Matt Cheung http www.angelfire.com art maa All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in retrieval system or transmitted in any form. Do not distribute. Single copies maybe printed or stored for personal use only. Electronic copies may be obtained free of charge from http www.angelfire.com art maa Copyright 2001 Matt Cheung. Wudang Martial Arts Center, http www.angelfire.com art maa Some content used with permission of Krav Maga Association of America, Inc....

Threefoot Rope

Krav Maga Techniques

A section of rope about 3 feet long can provide a useful means of self-defense for the unarmed combat soldier in a hand-to-hand fight. Examples of field-expedient ropes are a web belt, boot laces, a portion of a 120-foot nylon rope or sling rope, or a cravat rolled up to form a rope. Hold the rope at the ends so the middle section is rigid enough to almost serve as a stick-like weapon, or the rope can be held with the middle section relaxed, and then snapped by vigorously pulling the hands...

Figure Of Krav Maga

Degree Angle Krav Maga

Kicks during hand-to-hand combat are best directed to low targets and should be simple but effective. Combat soldiers are usually burdened with combat boots and LCE. His flexibility level is usually low during combat, and if engaged in hand-to-hand combat, he will be under high stress. He must rely on gross motor skills and kicks that do not require complicated movement or much training and practice to execute. a. Side Knee Kick. When an opponent launches an attack for example, with a knife...

Defense Against An Armed Opponent

Krav Maga Style Fight

An unarmed defender is always at a distinct disadvantage facing an armed opponent. It is imperative therefore that the unarmed defender understand and use the following principles to survive a. Separation. Maintain a separation of at least 10 feet plus the length of the weapon from the attacker. This distance gives the defender time to react to any attempt by the attacker to close the gap and be upon the defender. The defender should also try to place stationary objects between himself and the...

A4 Hand Equipment

Krav Maga Techniques

Gloves are required in pugil training. Hockey gloves Figure A-4 provide maximum protection for the fingers and joints of the hands and wrist and aid in controlling the stick. A-5. CHEST PROTECTORS Soldiers must use chest protectors Figure A-5 during pugil training to prevent injuries. Baseball catchers' chest protectors or martial arts protectors are recommended. If chest protectors are unavailable, substitute flak vests. Pugil sticks Figure A-6 may be obtained from the local TSC or call...

Techniques of Krav Maga

Creation The State Israel 1948

The techniques of Krav Maga are based on transference of energy and explosive action. The strikes are powerful and designed for maximum effect to specific target areas. Students are trained to be fully aware of their surroundings and the potential for violence. As with most martial styles, the beginning student practices blocks, punches, kicks and specific strikes, along with defensive moves for grabs and attacks. As the learning progresses, the student moves to more sophisticated techniques...

Thumb strike to throat

Krav Maga Kick

The defender uses the thumb strike to the throat Figure 4-3 as an effective technique when an opponent is rushing him or trying to grab him. The defender thrusts his right arm and thumb out and strikes his opponent in the throat-larynx area while holding his left hand high for protection. He can follow up with a disabling blow to his opponent's vital areas. 3 Thumb strike to shoulder joint. The opponent rushes the defender and tries to grab him. The defender strikes the opponent's shoulder...

Defense Against A Knife

Krav Maga Techniques

When an unarmed soldier is faced with an enemy armed with a knife, he must be mentally prepared to be cut. The likelihood of being cut severely is less if the fighter is well trained in knife defense and if the principles of weapon defense are followed. A slash wound is not usually lethal or shock inducing however, a stab wound risks injury to vital organs, arteries, and veins and may also cause instant shock or unconsciousness. a. Types of Knife Attacks. The first line of defense against an...

Uppercut to chin

Krav Maga Control Techniques

Defender steps between his opponent's arms and strikes with an uppercut punch Figure 4-9 to the chin or jaw. The defender then follows up with blows to his opponent's vital areas. 9 Knife-hand strike to side of neck. The defender executes a knife-hand strike to the side of his opponent's neck Figure 4-10 the same way as the hammer-fist strike Figure 4-6, page 4-11 except he uses the edge of his striking hand. 10 Knife-hand strike to radial nerve. The opponent tries to strike the defender with a...

Rifle With Fixed Bayonet

Krav Maga Techniques Attacks

The principles used in fighting with the rifle and fixed bayonet are the same as when knife fighting. Use the same angles of attack and similar body movements. The principles of timing and distance remain paramount the main difference is the extended distance provided by the length of the weapon. It is imperative that the soldier fighting with rifle and fixed bayonet use the movement of his entire body behind all of his fighting techniques not just upper-body strength. Unit trainers should be...

A2 Headgear

Adjust His Protective Cup

Headgear consists of a regulation football helmet with a face mask attached Figure A-2 . When purchasing these helmets, you should consider the varying head sizes of individuals. For each 100 helmets purchased, it is recommended that 10 percent be 6 1 2 to 6 3 4 in size, 80 percent be 6 7 8 to 7 1 8 in size, and 10 percent be 7 1 4 to 7 1 2 in size. Adjust helmets that are too large for an individual by adding foam rubber to the inside of the helmet. To secure the helmet to the head, use a chin...

Techniques

Self Defense Attack Techniques

The following techniques are proven and effective ways to remove sentries. A soldier with moderate training can execute the proper technique for his situation, when he needs to. a. Brachial Stun, Throat Cut. This technique relies on complete mental stunning to enable the soldier to cut the sentry's throat, severing the trachea and carotid arteries. Death results within 5 to 20 seconds. Some sounds are emitted from the exposed trachea, but the throat can be cut before the sentry can recover from...

Unarmed Defense Against A Rifle With Fixed Bayonet

Krav Maga Kicks Step Step

Defense against a rifle with a fixed bayonet involves the same principles as knife defense. The soldier considers the same angles of attack and the proper response for any attack along each angle. a. Regardless of the type weapon used by the enemy, his attack will always be along one of the nine angles of attack at any one time. The soldier must get his entire body off the line of attack by moving to a safe position. A rifle with a fixed bayonet has two weapons a knife at one end and a butt...

B3 Qualification

Assistant Squad Leader

The qualification course gives the unit commander a means to measure the skill of his soldiers in the technique of rifle-bayonet fighting. This course increases esprit de corps within a unit by creating a competitive attitude and by offering special recognition to soldiers who qualify. Instructors can use the same course for both practice and qualification. They can also determine qualification on any assault course. a. The assault qualification course contains at least four types of targets...

Pugil Training

Krav Maga Dummy

Training in pugil techniques prepares the soldier to confidently and aggressively use the rifle-bayonet. It furnishes the rifle-bayonet fighter with an opponent who can think, move, evade, fight back, and most important make corrections. It provides realism. Pugil equipment consists of the pugil stick and protective gear that is especially designed to protect the soldier during training. It allows the soldier to participate in pugil training without incurring or fearing injury. Participation...

Entrenching Tool

Krav Maga Moves

Almost all soldiers carry the entrenching tool. It is a versatile and formidable weapon when used by a soldier with some training. It can be used in its straight position locked out and fully extended-or with its blade bent in a 90-degree configuration. a. To use the entrenching tool against a rifle with fixed bayonet, the attacker lunges with a thrust to the stomach of the defender along a low No. 5 angle of attack Figure 5-56, Step 1 . The defender moves just outside to avoid the lunge and...

Striking Principles

Effective striking with the weapons of the body to the opponent's vital points is essential for a victorious outcome in a hand-to-hand struggle. A soldier must be able to employ the principles of effective striking if he is to emerge as the survivor in a fight to the death. a. Attitude. Proper mental attitude is of primary importance in the soldier's ability to strike an opponent. In hand-to-hand combat, the soldier must have the attitude that he will defeat the enemy and complete the mission,...

Grappling

Krav Maga Broken Arm

Grappling is when two or more fighters engage in close-range, hand-to-hand combat. They may be armed or unarmed. To win, the fighter must be aware of how to move his body to maintain the upper hand, and he must know the mechanical strengths and weaknesses of the human body. The situation becomes a struggle of strength pitted against strength unless the fighter can remain in control of his opponent by using skilled movements to gain an advantage in leverage and balance. Knowledge of the...

Krav Maga Techniques Step By Step

Wing Chun Techniques

PARRY THRUST 1Z TUNNEL CRAWL Figure 2-2. Example of nine-lane, 300-meter bayonet assault course. 1. THRUST TARGET 3. PARRY, BUTT STROKE TO GROIN TARGET 2. PARRY THRUST TARGET 4. PARRY, BUTT STROKE TO HEAD TARGET Figure 2-7. Log balance and horizontal ladder. Figure 2-7. Log balance and horizontal ladder. Figure 2-10. Double-apron barbwire fence, Figure 2-10. Double-apron barbwire fence, 3 Standards. The course must be successfully negotiated by all soldiers in the class with each soldier...

Counters To Chokes

Letsblocking

A soldier must know how to defend against being choked. Incapacitation and unconsciousness can occur within three seconds therefore, it is crucial for the defender to know all possible counters to chokes. a. Eye Gouge. The opponent attacks the defender with a frontal choke. The defender has the option of going over or under the opponent's arms. To disable the opponent, the defender inserts both thumbs into his opponent's eyes and tries to gouge them Figure 3-10 . The defender is prepared to...

B Collar Grab Choke

Kung Neck Throat Strike

Fighter grabs his opponent's collar with both hands straight-on Figure 3-7 . He then rotates the knuckles inward against the neck to quickly produce a good choke. He also keeps the elbows in front and close to the body where the greatest strength is maintained. c. Carotid Choke. The fighter grabs the sides of the opponent's throat by the muscle and sticks his thumbs into the carotids, closing them off Figure 3-8 . This is a fast and painful choke. d. Trachea Choke. The fighter grabs the...

Choking Techniques

Choking Techniques Hand

There are several choking techniques that a soldier can use to defeat his opponent in hand-to-hand combat. a. Cross-Collar Choke. With crossed hands, the fighter reaches as far as possible around his opponent's neck and grabs his collar Figure 3-6, Step 1 . The backs of his hands should be against the neck. The fighter keeps his elbows bent and close to the body as in opening a tightly sealed jar , pulls outward with both hands, and chokes the sides of the opponent's neck by rotating the...